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comparison gender gap between developed country and developi

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rao fu

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of comparison gender gap between developed country and developi

gender gap
education
Both in Japan and Zambia, compulsory education has resulted in gender parity in enrollment.
public situation
Zambia
comparison
gender gap
between developed country and developing country in the case of Japan and Zambia

World Economic Forum ranks 135 economies according to their gender gaps, and their scores can be interpreted as the percentage of the inequality between women and men that has been closed.
economic participation
educational attainment
political empowerment
health and survival
ranking ?
ranking?
global gender gap index rankings(2012)
101
114
why
We assume that there are 3 factors
gender role/economic activity
education
public engagement
These 3 factors may be influenced each other and the main factor is probably attitude to gender role.
gender role
& economic activity
About Gender Gap
Whether the country is developed or not probably does not matter.
The main factor may be culture&attitude to gender role.
The two countries are very close. Why?
beliefs in Janpan: good wife, wise mother
95% 85% 67% 60%
unpaid housework
agree this belief
leave their jobs
female earning
in Zambia: women can do what men can do
constitution guarantees legal equality, but:
imbalanced property distributions concerning marriage, divorce, death
permission for public and private processes
Women's League of the United National Independence Party (UNIP)
conferences since 1970
"paper tiger"
Other younger public initiatives
Anti Gender Based Violence Act (2011)
Ministry of Gender (2012)
Gender equality bureau as part of the National Cabinet
official acceptance of the fact that there is a long way to overcome traditional gender roles
quotas for women's participation in policy making and decision making processes in society and politics
Basic Plan for Gender Equality (2000)
Japan
The comparison of Enrolment Rate is as below Japan

Primary school - Compulsory 96.8% for girls (96.1% for boys)
Junior high school - Compulsory 99% for women (99% for men)
University - Tuition Fee Required 36.8% for women (51.3% for men)
Zambia Primary school - Compulsory 80% for girls (80% for boys)
Junior high school - Tuition Fee Required Gap widens University - Tuition Fee Required Gap widens greatly
62%
(2005)
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