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Journalism Class

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by

Kristine Charles

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Journalism Class

Journalism
What is Journalism?
• Definition – gathering and
reporting of news
Why is Journalism Important?
Help people communicate with each other,
Give voice to community members to be heard,
Help communities be connected about political, social, environmental, and personal news,
Help shape our perception of reality,
Scrutinize areas of public life,
Exercise 1st Amendment rights of freedom of speech and freedom of press
HOW ??
What are your Expectations for Journalists OR What do you think are the Responsibilities of Journalists?
Be credible

Be objective
How can you make sure you are credible while interviewing?
How can you make sure you are credible while writing?
Interviewing:
Writing?
tape interviews
take detailed notes
ask questions about confusing material
have two people taking notes
summarize the information that you have taken back to the person
double check spelling of names
double check numbers with decimal places
verify information by having two or more people confirm it
have officials confirm information
keep all personal feelings / bias out of the report
present facts in a neutral way
present both sides of argument
Exception – Editorial Page
How do you maintain objectivity?
What is Our Goal for the Newspaper?
Provide information and entertainment
Protect rights of students – report on
areas of interest that impact students
and school
Provide database – sports fans, weather forecasts, helpful quotes, personal ads, comics
Information:
Bring your own device
buy/sell personal ad
calender of events
Wheeler pros/cons
changing CAPT tests
other suggestions from Mr. S
Entertainment:
comics
mad libs
cross words
out in the movies
teacher interview
Databases:
weather
sports
What is News?
• Information you haven’t heard
• Something interesting or important to you
• Something that has/will have impact on you and others
• What the media reports
+
+
Brainstorming Ideas:
Prominence – news story about someone whose name/job is well known or easily recognized
Proximity – news story that happens close to home
Conflict – news story that involves two opposing sides
Impact – news story that is based on the effect / consequence that it will have on the audience
Human interest – news story about people that satisfies your curiosity or pulls at the heartstrings
Prominence:
- Dr. Nero
- Mr. Sandford
Proximity:
- New fire house
Conflict:

Impact:
BYO device policy
CAPT testing
Safety
Human Interest:
The Color Run
Not protected by the 1st Amendment:
Obscenity –
Fighting Words –
Invasion of Privacy –
Slander / Libel –
Copyright
Violations –
Steps to Interviewing
2.
Gather background information about the topic to use for the interview.
3.
Form questions based on the background information.
Who? What? Where? When? Why?
How?
4.
Call and make an appointment. Be sure to identify yourself as a reporter.

5.
Be polite and establish a rapport.
Start
6.
Observe things about the person and their work environment that might be included in your article.

7.
Take good notes. This needs practice.
1.
Find out what the primary source to a story is.
Primary source - person or document that is essential to the story. There is no story without it.
Secondary source - person or document that adds information, but it is not vital. It could be a book, survey, budget, minutes of meetings, etc.
Use open-ended questions and not yes or no questions.
Ask 1 question at a time to make sure the source has answered the question fully.
Ask additional questions if something comes to mind or doesn't make sense.
You may provide background information before asking a question.
Phrase questions in the 3rd person. Ex - Many students think. . . .
8.
Try to end the interview on a positive and courteous note in case you need the person as a source again.
Concluding Questions:
How do you spell your name?
What is your exact title?
Where may I reach you if I have more questions?
Who else do you suggest I talk to about this subject?
Why would that person be a good source?
Finish
9.
Read your notes as soon as possible after the interview.
Highlight information that you want to include in the article.
Write some additional notes while ideas are fresh.
Add notes about your impressions, the person's mannerisms, actions, etc.
Put a date on your notes.
More than just impolite words. Offends local community standards and lacks serious artistic purpose.
Racial, ethnic, gender or religious insults. Because they can cause fights, they are banned.
Supreme Court has supported certain protections for private information. Ex - medical and academic records.
False information that
is spoken or has been published
and damages someone's
reputation
Plagiarism or the copying of another's work
without citing the source.
suggestion boxes
Types of News Stories:
Hard News Story -
Story about timely, breaking news. Usually runs the day the news happens or new information is added about this story each time the newspaper runs.

Soft News Story - less timely stories about individuals or lifestyle issues, can run anytime and still be interesting
Lead
beginning of a news story, main idea that is given in a few words to several paragraphs.

Nut Graf
paragraph in a lead that tells exactly what the story is about.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF LEADS
Direct News Lead – used on hard news stories, 1st paragraph that gives the most important information: 5 Ws and H.
Indirect Lead – sets a scene or introduces a character before explaining the topic of the story.
Summary Lead – direct news lead that begins with a paragraph that summarizes the whole story; 2nd paragraph presents specific details (names, ages, dates, locations)
Delayed Lead – indirect lead in which the nut graf is placed after the 1st anecdote or main point.
Feature Lead – indirect lead, usually an anecdote or description that draws readers into the scene before revealing the topic.
Storytelling Lead – indirect lead, a feature lead that starts by telling a story.
ONE WAY OF WRITING A STORY:
(Use the direct news lead)

Most important/interesting information 1st

– usually the who, what, and why are the best to begin with: captures attention of readers; the where and when are less important. Usually a summary lead
ANOTHER WAY OF WRITING A STORY:
(Use an indirect lead)

These begin with a sentence or several paragraphs of anecdotes, descriptions or stories before the feature story is introduced.
Photojournalism
Rule of Thirds =
Divide the viewing area into thirds, like
a tic-tac-toe board. The main point of focus
should be located at one of the four
points of intersection.

involves reading
get your point across
persuasion

so people know what's going on
it's entertaining

to be truthful
to have facts
to incorporate self

voice recorders
video tape
facts and data
quotes

don't use words like "I"
understand the topic
Full transcript