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Hispanic Culture Presentation
Transcript of Hispanic Culture Presentation
By: Trisha Roiger
Many children are taught early that European Americans are not trustworthy. These children fear European American professionals have their best interests at heart.
Extended family plays a major role in each family member's life.
Strong bonds are created among family.
Grandparents, parents, and children may live in the same household or close by.
The males have respect and authority in the family.
It's concluded families impede individual achievement and advancement.
Characteristics of a
The U.S. Hispanic population now stands at over 54.1 million, making them the nation's second largest ethic group.
The foreign born among Hispanics varies by origin group.
There are different racial groups under Hispanics such as: Mexicans, Latinos, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and many more.
In 1990, over 1 million Hispanic/Latino American families lived in poverty.
Immediate and extended family members are close together and considered a community.
Most parents, families, and community members like to participate for any roles offered.
a teacher can have Hispanic parent volunteers in school to help with students. The volunteer can translate in Spanish, teach English students some Spanish words, present and do activities about their culture, and much more.
(Krogstad & Krogstad, 2014)
Facts About the Culture & Community & Gender Roles
The Mexican educational system consists of three levels: primary, secondary, and higher education. Mandatory school age is 6 to 14 years, which covers primary and lower secondary school.
The year consists of 200 working days of classes usually beginning in the last week of August and ending in the first week of July. Preschoolers attend school for three hours every day from Monday to Friday.
Mexico recognizes 62 indigenous ethnic groups that speak more than 80 languages.
The city has the highest literacy rate in the country, estimated at more than 90 percent. Students are required to attend six years of primary school and three years of secondary school. Students who want to go on to college are required to attend three years of bachillerato (college prep courses).
Education & Culture in Mexico
Most people in Hispanic countries are Catholic so the biggest holidays are religious. Hispanics pass down traditions from generation to generation. Many traditions revolve around last names, baby names, religion, art festivals, fiestas, and parades.
The food Hispanics eat is most often Mexican food and very spicy. Mexican food history shows that Mexico has given chocolate, beans, vanilla, peanuts, coconuts, and tomatoes to the world to make cooking meals tasty.
A lot of Mexican cuisines are made; especially dessert. (Facts-about-mexico.com, 2015)
Traditional Hispanic clothing is brightly colored. It was almost always made of woven fabrics, sometimes with patterns woven right into it. Some men wore capes on their shoulders and sashes like belts.
Men prefer trousers and shorts, while women may wear these as well as skirts and dresses.
(Lingo & →, 2011)
Family is an important aspect to the family culture. Family units are usually large, with traditional gender roles and extensive family involvement from the external members who assist one another in day to day life.
Parents are treated with a high degree of respect.
Food, Family, Traditions, & Dress
Personalities of Hispanics
Many hispanics love to joke around. Sometimes when they make jokes they stick their tongue out.
They love to dance, listen to music, and host huge parties.
There's limited verbal expressions towards authority figures.
They like to hang out in groups of their own culture.
They're relaxed about time and have immediate short term goals.
Love to speak in their native tongue with friends.
The primary role of a man under the Hispanic culture is "machismo", which means the man is the great provider of the family.
Most women under this culture are responsible, religious, and self-sacrificing. They run the household and dedicate themselves to their family.
Sons and daughters learn after their father and mother's roles. Sons should not do chores around the house because that is the daughter and mother's role.
Some women are employed in society and steer away from the traditional gender roles.
(Editor & Editor, 2015)
Many Mexicans live in the cities, smaller rural communities still play a strong role. Spanish is spoken by 92.7% of the Mexican population.
The diet of working-class Mexicans includes corn or wheat tortillas, along with beans, rice, tomatoes, chili peppers and chorizo, a type of pork sausage.
The country is closely associated with the Mariachi style of folk music.
There are many Holidays celebrated such as: Independence Day, The Day of the Dead, Feast of our Lady of Guadalupe, and much more. Holidays are celebrated with families altogether and lots of Mexican food.
Values & Beliefs
Mexicans put a high value on hierarchy and structure in business and family matters.
Hosting parties at their homes plays a large part of Mexican life and making visitors feel comfortable is a large part of the values and customs of the country.
Hispanics believe in Christianity. 57% believe in spirits.
Hispanics believe to pray weekly and attend church services with their whole family.
(Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project, 2014)
The typical stereotype for Hispanics is that they are labeled to be uneducated because they are not able to speak English fluently.
They are highly stereotyped for being extremely poor that most of them are living in poverty.
They are stereotyped for stealing, abusing drugs, and selling drugs.
Hispanics are stereotyped as spicy, crazy and loud.
(Editor & Editor, 2015)
The Mayas, Olmecs, and Toltecs preceded the wealthy Aztec empire, conquered in 1519–1521 by the Spanish under Hernando Cortés. Spain ruled Mexico as part of the royalty of New Spain for the next 300 years until Sept. 16, 1810, when the Mexicans first revolted. They won independence in 1821.
There were two emperors, several dictators, and enough presidents to make a new government on the average of every nine months.
The Mexican government is federal republic.
Differentiation in the Classroom
Have elements that include sound, temperature, design, and light. Have elements include responsibility, structure, persistence, and motivation. Assign hands on projects.
Hispanics strongest perceptual strength is kinesthetic. Include body movement, hands on learning, and active communication with peers when teaching.
Incorporate their culture into lessons. Have them show places on a map, teach Spanish words to the class, bring in objects to talk about their experiences, and etc.
What a Teacher Needs to Know About Hispanics
Hispanic families may have many things in common, such as customs, foods, dances, values, and the Spanish language. However, there are also many rich cultural differences within and between countries like Argentina, Mexico, Cuba, and El Salvador.
The more Spanish that you know as a teacher, the more you will be able to reach out to your Hispanic students and their families.
A teacher can learn a few basic words and everyday expressions in Spanish, try taking a Spanish class, & research the culture to implement it into lessons & be knowledgeable about it.
Hispanic parents tend to put teachers on a pedestal. They respect education. It is assumed that the teacher's job is at school and the parent's job is at home.
Hispanic parents in the United States make big sacrifices for the future of their children. They often work long hours so that their children can succeed in school and in life.
Understanding the Hispanic family structure will help a teacher gain trust and participation from both the immediate and extended family members.
(Colorín Colorado, 2015)
Getting to Know Hispanic Families
Invite families to school on special occasions just to visit. While the family learns about the school and its policies and expectations, teachers can become acquainted with the families.
Educators who teach in areas with great numbers of Hispanic/Latinos may want to schedule a day for only Hispanic/Latino families to visit. Have individual meetings to determine how the family influences school achievement and attitudes toward school
Request that students write a story or essay about their families. Be sure to emphasize including parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters, cousins, and other relatives living in the home. Keep an open mind, and remember the importance of the extended family.