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Transcript of YANOMAMI
Way Of Life
Threats to Way of Life
Meaning "Human Beings"
By Grace Tuohey-Kay and Katrine Luddy
The Yanomami are an indigenous tribe of the Amazon Rainforest. They migrated across the Bering Strait and were one of the first native tribes to live in South America. There are five divisions of this tribe: The Wakia, the Sanema, the Schirischana, the Guajahbo, and the Schamatari. Their population all together is 32,000. This tribe has a very unique yet interesting living style. In this powerpoint you will learn more about the Yanomami's various traditions, their schooling, their history, and many more interesting facts of their life.
Over 1000 gold miners are illegally working on Yanomami land; spreading deadly diseases, such as malaria, and polluting rivers with mercury.
Cattle ranchers have been invading the territory, taking away what the Yanomami need for their sustainable living.
Several territories have also been used for timber production and developing purposes (also done by intruders).
Some miners and other illegal workers murder or seriously injure tribe members for their land.
The Brazilian government constructs highways and roads, causing many Yanomami families and animals to lose their homes.
Scientists are worried that if more rainforest is cleared “lower rainfall, combined with climate change-related drought could rapidly turn much of the remaining forest into savanna, releasing massive amounts of carbon into the atmosphere and accelerating global warming.”
The Yanomami people's economy is based on fishing, hunting, gathering, gardening, and bartering.
Both Men and Women fish.
All members of the tribe garden for their family, man or woman. Even children help.
Their crops consist mostly of plantains and bananas.
Women weave baskets and hammocks.
The Yanomami people eat most of what the jungle can offer (sustainable living). These people kill and eat snakes, wild pigs, monkeys, deer, multiple types of fish, crabs, wild honey, and palm fruits
Even though they sell bows and arrows, they depend on outsiders for other hunting supplies.
books.google.com/books?id= BVGs 3o4
There are no wedding ceremonies celebrated in Yanomami culture.
The people dress in bright colored feathers and paints.
Tribe members use dye from plants to paint on their faces and bodies
For rituals and festivals their bodies are painted different shades of purple and red.
For specific celebrations, some people use clay to paint their bodies white, which represents purity.
It is custom for people to pierce their faces with sticks.
60% have no written language and stories are told orally.
Children are taught only what they need to know to survive by parents or extended family.
The people believe in equality for all.
Cross-cousin marriage is common, for it is preferable to marry within the community.
The Yanomami territory covers over 9.6 million hectares of Brazilian land, which is twice the size of Switzerland.
It is the largest forested indigenous territory.
The land is flooded for half the year.
In this mostly tropical forest area, epiphytes (ferns, orchids, cacti, etc) can be found.
Palms are used for their oil that has more vitamin A than a carrot. They are also used to make jewelry, brooms, and string bags.
A wide variety of animals can be found in the Yanomami territory such as jaguars, colobus monkeys, poisondart frogs, piranhas, and many different birds.
There are about 70 people in each village.
Yanomami families live in large, circular houses named "yanos" or "shabonos". These buildings do not have a roof
Some of these houses can hold up to 400 people.
The middle of these"yanos'" are used for different activities and feasts.
There is no chief in these villages. The people come together in times of decision making to find a solution that will benefit everybody.
The Yanomami tribes change where they live every 3-4 years due to lack of nutrients in the soil.
A posionuos plant extract called curare is used to by the men to hunt. It is put on arrows and then they used to kill their prey.
Hunters do not eat the meat they hunt, they give it to the people of their village and other hunters.