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Erik Love

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of SS8H5c

Technology: Railroads and the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
Beyond the standard:
The introduction of technology, such as Eli Whitney's cotton gin or the widespread use of railroads inevitably led to change...And BOTH inventions contributed to the dramatic growth that Georgia experienced in the late 1700's and throughout the 1800's.
Invented the Cotton Gin
<- Some Basics
c. Explain how technological developments, including the cotton gin and railroads, had an impact on Georgia’s growth.
SS8H5 The student will explain significant factors that affected the development of Georgia as part of the growth of the United States between 1789 and 1840.
Videos only tangentally related to the cotton gin, at best, yet entertaining and informative nonetheless:
Some song about Eli Whitney:
<- School House ROCKS!
Cotton Gin and Juice ->
Designed to separate seeds from upland cotton
Led to expansion of slavery
Was too difficult to enforce patents, so Whitney eventually packed it up and went back home (to New England) where he invented a system of interchangeable parts...but that's another story...
a good, detailed, explaination of cotton ginning in the American South...including the contributions of Eli Whitney:
Extra Credit:
Assignment: create a (full sized) poster that shows:
The growth of cotton production (make your own graphs) in America from 1790-1860.
The percentage of slaves to whites in the population of the south over the same time period.
EVERYTHING you ever wanted to know about Atlanta and railroads:
The cotton gin had an immense impact of Georgia’s economic and population growth, but this growth came with a terrible cost, the expansion of slavery. According to some, the idea for the cotton gin was conceived by Eli Whitney, a northerner who moved to Georgia in 1793. During this time period, tobacco, which at the time was one of Georgia’s most important crops, was destroying the soil. As an alternative to tobacco the state was looking for ways to make growing cotton profitable. Until that point, cotton had to be, for a lack of a better word, “deseeded” by hand. This process took a long time to accomplish, and most farmers could not “clean” more than one pound of cotton a day.Eli Whitney “invented” a machine that was capable of removing the seeds from up to 50 pounds of cotton a day. Due to the machine’s efficiency the growth of cotton became profitable in Georgia and the rest of the South. This led to westward expansion as farmers began to seek out land capable of producing the crop. With the focus on growing cotton due to its profitability, the South grew a large majority of the world’s cotton by the end of the nineteenth century.Nevertheless, there were two negative effects concerning the invention of the cotton gin. First, it made the South overly dependent on one crop. This dependence on cotton was true of the South before and after the Civil War. In fact, it took the devastating effects of the Boll Weevil
early 1900s to diversify much of the south’s agricultural production. More importantly, due to the cotton gin’s effectiveness, slavery increased in Georgia and the Deep South. Due to cotton’s profitably more slaves were need in its production. This of course led to the South’s support and defense of the institution of slavery and later the Civil War.
COTTON GIN: Teacher Notes
Another important technological development that had a major impact on the state of Georgia was the invention of the railroad. Many of Georgia’s cities and towns were created due to the railroad,including the city of Atlanta. The first Georgia railroad was chartered in 1832. It was created in part by businessmen in Athens, who needed a better way to transport cotton to Augusta due to poor road conditions. In the 1840s and 1850s, railroads had spread across so much of the state,that Georgia ranked in the top 10 for railroad track millage. Georgia had the most miles of track in the Deep South.
The city of Atlanta was created as a railroad hub for the Western and Atlantic Railroad. This track ran from Chattanooga, Tennessee to a small hub called “Terminus,” which means “end of the line.” Later, two other railroad lines combined with this point, causing the city to grow even more. Terminus changed its name in 1843, to Marthasville, after the former Governor Wilson Lumpkin’s daughter. Its name was changed again in 1845 to Atlanta, which many claim was simply a feminization of the name Atlantic. Due to the invention of the railroad, Atlanta became the first major American city to be built on a location without a navigable river.
how railroads were laid
hey! stick to the first 10 minutes...unless you're CRAAAAZY...
c. Explain how technological developments, including the cotton gin and railroads, had an impact on Georgia’s growth.
c. Explain how technological developments, including the cotton gin and railroads, had an impact on Georgia’s growth.
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