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Islamic Ethics & Morality (Al-Akhlaq) BTQ

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Fikri Arif

on 25 August 2013

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Transcript of Islamic Ethics & Morality (Al-Akhlaq) BTQ

Ways to prevent backbiting
-cultivate fear of Allah and sense of shame before Allah

-try not to speak bad about others
-change it to another topic which is more beneficial
-stay away from those who backbite
photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Al Akhlaq (Good Manners)
Literally -
derived from the word khalqan which means creation or formation
Linguistically -
innate or inborn characteristics and natural disposition of inner man
Technically -
it refers to an established state of the soul from which actions proceed easily without any need for prior reflection (thinking) and eliberation
Other definitions of its basic meanings
Kindness (al Ihsan) - (4:125)
Piety (at Taqwa) - (2:212)
Good Deeds (Amal Soleh) - (16:97),(29:7)
Goodness (al Birr) - (2:177)
Guidance (al Huda) - (2:2-4)
Scopes of Akhlaq
Man and his Creator
Man and his fellow beings
Man and the other creatures of Allah
Man and himself
Significance of Akhlaq
The objective of the Prophetic mission is to perfect akhlaq
Good akhlaq is the way to be the best person
Good akhlaq as the way of perfection of iman
Degree of husn al-khulq is above the prayer and fasting
Good akhlaq leads to be nearest to the Prophet at most needed time
Akhlaq is the way to paradise
Akhlaq makes the scale heaviest
Good deeds meritless without husn al-khulq
Akhlaq is the way to challenge any diversity or hardship
How to instill al Akhlaq al Karimah in Muslim's life
Self exercise (self struggle)
Observing good people and associating ourselves with them
To ask a friend who is truthful and pious abouat our own weaknesses
Living in a conducive and good environment
Qudwah Hasanah ( a good role model )
3 fundamental conditions for the formation of excellent character
Readiness to change
Strong determination for change
bad and immoral quality in someone's character
known as As Sifat al mazmumah
Regard oneself better than others while considering others inferior
Feel greater among the others
According to Imam Al-Ghazali, it considered as the greatest of all vices
Types of arrogance

Exterior arrogance
-arrogance that someone does through his speech and body languange

Interior arrogance
-more dangerous than exterior arrogance
-it is hiding manner and it happen when we feel like we are the best among others
Characteristics of arrogance person
Liked to be praised
Showing off
Hate to be criticized
Forms of arrogance
Arrogance against Allah
-considered himseld as Lord of the universe like Namrud and Pharoah
Arrogance against Prophets
-does not obey the prophet and rejected the claims of prophethood
Arrogance against human being
-a man considers himself a superior being and would like to see everybody humbled before him
Causes of arrogance
Spiritual knowledge
wealth and riches
men and power
Ways to prevent from arrogance

-remember the origin of is creation
- practicing tawadhu'
- be humble in the way
of speaking
Backbiting (Ghibah)
Definition by Prophet Muhammad :
The Prophet asked (the compinoins):"Do you know what backbiting is?" They replied:"Allah and His Messenger know best" He said:'It is saying something about your brother that he would dislike." Someone asked Him,"But what if I say is true?" The messenger of Allah said,"If you say about him is true you are backbiting him, but if it is not true then you have slandered him"(muslim)

- To say anything bad
to another about
your brother
which is true, in his
absence, which he does
not like.
Definition by Imam Al Ghazali :
Mentioning about one's imperfections
and faults such as his body, his religious,
his physical appearance, or his
moral characters
3 manifestation of backbiting
Backbiting (Ghibah): to say something that is true about a person
Slander (al-Buhtan): to say what is not true about a person
False narration (tale-telling): to say something that one has heard about the other
The prohibition of backbiting
- In Al-Quran, Allah says in Surah Al Hujurat (49:12)
- In hadith
-Both in Al-Quran and hadith, there is the phrase "eating the flesh of people" and this means it denotes the act of backbiting or speaking ill about someone in his absence.The act that is prohibited in Islam.
Causes of backbiting

Peer pressure
Shaking off one's own guilty feeling
Freeing oneself from guilt by
attributing to others
Jest and play
Situations where backbiting is permissible
Narrating the faults of another in a trial
Seeking assistance in changing one's evil deed
Seeking legal decision
Warning Muslims of the evil and advising them against it
Identifying a person by awell known surname or nickname
Disclosing a person's evil acts or innovation which are done publicly and openly
Envy (Hasad)
Elements of hasad
-derived from word hasada
-hasadah means he wished the bounties
and grace bestowed to someone to be remove
and to be turn to him
-wishing for the removal even though the hasid(envious person) will not obtain any advantage from its removal
-wishing others not to be bestowed with bounties
the feeling of unhappy
to the bounties bestowed
by Allah to a person or
to the achievement he gains
the feeling of happiness
with the removal of
those bounties
or that achievement from
its possessor
Cases of hasad in Al-Quran
1. Hasad of Iblis towards Prophet Adam A.S (Al-Baqarah (2:30-36))
2. Hasad of Qabil towars Habil (al-Maidah (5:27-30))
3. Hasad of brothers of Prophet Yusuf A.S towars him (Surah Yusuf (10:4-10))

Level of hasad
Causes of hasad
Al-Adawah wa Al-Baghdha' (enmity and hatred)
Al-Ta'azzuz (the sense of one's supremacy)
Al-Kibr (arrogance)
Al-Ta'ajjub (to express wonder)
Hubb al-Riyasah wa Tholab al-Jah (greed of name and power)
Khubth Al-Nafs (viciounness of nature)
Ways to remove hasad

-know the causes of hasad
know that hasid will lose his rank with Allah

-praise the mahsud and pray for him abundantly
-be kind to mahsud to cure the envy inside
-appreciate and respect him
-The hasid hopes for the removal of the gifts from a person although the gifts are not transferred to him.
- The hasid hopes for the removal of the gifts from a person because he wants the gifts.
- The hasid is not in favor in removing the gifts from a person, but hoping to be similar with the envied. However if he doesn't get the gifts as similar to the envied, then he will hopes for the removal of the gifts from the envied.
- The hasid is not in favor of removing the gifts from a person, but hoping to be similar with
the envied.
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