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Sins of Passion vs. Sins of Principle FINAL

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Maddie Sloat

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Sins of Passion vs. Sins of Principle FINAL

Hawthorne takes this stance through:

CHARACTERIZATION
HESTER PRYNNE
We believe Hawthorne takes the stance in his novel,
The Scarlet Letter
, that a sin of passion is more forgivable than a sin of principle.
Sins of Passion
vs.
Sins of Principle

SINS OF PASSION
What is the difference?
PUBLIC OPINION OF SINNERS
Is one sin more forgivable than another?
SINS OF PRINCIPLE
sin controlled by an emotion
ex/ love, anger, sadness
sin is planned and thought of over a period of time
1. characterization
2. public opinion
3. the fates of the main
characters
described as beautiful; dignified; elegant (even when emerging from prison); beauty reflects beautiful soul
HESTER PRYNNE
DEMISE/FATE
HESTER PRYNNE
CRITICAL SOURCES
"Hester Prynne receives forgiveness, Hawthorne assures us several times, when the community embraces her in its inarticulate wisdom."
-David Heddendorf;
"Anthony Trollope's Scarlet Letter"
CRITICAL SOURCE
"One of the many paradoxes in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter is that the character who at first seems the most sinned against eventually becomes the greatest sinner."
-Robert C. Evans
"Sin and Redemption in Nathaniel Hawthorne's
The Scarlet Letter
"
"Her breast, with its badge of shame, was but the softer pillow for the head that needed one... many people refused to interpret the scarlet letter A by its original signification. They said it meant Able; so strong was Hester Prynne, with a woman's strength."
(Pg. 111)
"Had a man seen old Roger Chillingworth, at that moment of his ecstasy, he would have had no need to ask how Satan comports himself, when a precious human soul is lost to heaven, and won into his kingdom."
(Pg. 95)
SINS OF PASSION
VS.
SINS OF PRINCIPLE
Where else are they seen?
Dante's Inferno
From "The Divine Comedy"
By Dante Alighieri
sins are more violently punished
depending on what kind of sin
they were

ex/ lust (sin of passion)
-blown back and forth violently
ex/ fraud (sin of principle)
-in ditches filled with excrement
tortured by monsters there
The Catholic Faith
According to the Catholic Encyclopedia a sin will be more severely punished and not as easily forgiven if it meets these three requirements:
1. The sinner foresees the evil effect of their action

2. The sinner has a choice to refrain from the action

3. The moral obligation of the sinner is lost
The Catholic Faith
Additionally, a sin must contain
MALICE
which is a conscious and voluntary transgression of eternal law and a purposeful "turning away" from God
The United States Justice System
A person charged with a homicide can get
various charges depending on their actions:
First Degree Murder
must contain MALICE

Third Degree Murder
results due to NEGLIGENCE
Second Degree Murder
is not preplanned
is willful and predetermined
intent to kill/cause bodily harm
receives heaviest sentence (lifetime/death penalty)
intent to injure/cause bodily harm but not to kill
at least 20-30 years imprisonment
no intent to harm/kill
10-20 years imprisonment
The United States Justice System
-predetermined
-intent to kill
-planned and purposefully
committed
-no remorse
Murder
Manslaughter
-not planned
-not predetermined
-no purpose or thought of killing
-occurs in the "heat of passion"
Is
one sin more forgivable than another?
Hawthorne argues in his novel,
The Scarlet Letter
, that a sin of passion is, indeed, more forgivable than a sin of principle.
A
REV. ARTHUR DIMMESDALE
nervous/anxious constantly; extremely religious; made to be very "holy" and "pure"; puts hand over heart often
ROGER CHILLINGWORTH
first described as "deformed"; made to be the evil character; referred to as satanic or doing devilish deeds
at first shunned by society; isolated and mocked for her crime; later was accepted and helped counsel townspeople
ARTHUR DIMMESDALE
always the beloved reverend; people thought he was an angel and defined "innocence" and "purity"
ROGER CHILLINGWORTH
thought he was there to heal Dimmesdale; later became suspicious of his motives and blamed him for the Reverend's failing health
spends her years wearing the scarlet letter; is the counselor for the women in the community; forgiven; Pearl is no longer devil child
ARTHUR DIMMESDALE
dies after confessing his sins, with his family beside him; at peace with God and himself
ROGER CHILLINGWORTH
dies a year after Dimmesdale's death: revenge was the only thing he lived for; returns to hell with his "master"
Full transcript