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Timeline of the New Testament
Transcript of Timeline of the New Testament
4 BC (we think)
John the Baptist Born
Herod the Great Dies
Jesus begins his public ministry
Jewish Feast of Passover 7 days
40 Days Jesus appears to his disciples
Jesus ascends into heaven
10 Days to Pentecost
Holy Spirit fills the disciples
the "Birthday of the Church"
Paul's missionary journeys
St. Paul is beheaded in the persecution of Christians under Nero, the first major persecution of the Church.
Jerusalem Destroyed by Rome
... and his letters
Gospels and Letters Written
50 AD - 90 AD
The last of the Apostles writes the last book of the New Testament
Events of the Book of Acts
Events in the Gospels
Most of Jesus' life:
Jesus in the Temple
About 10 years:
Garden of Gethsemane
Jesus' 1st Trial
Jesus' 2nd Trial
Jesus 3rd Trial:
before Pontius Pilate
Jesus' body taken down
Jesus laid in tomb
Jesus' body in tomb
sometime in the dark of the morning:
Jesus is alive again, leaves the tomb
3 Marys come to the tomb, see angels
1 Mary sees Jesus
Peter and John visit the empty tomb
Two Disciples go to Emmaus
Jesus appears to the disciples
Jesus moves to Capernaum, a fishing town. He begins to preach to people: "
, for the Kingdom of Heaven is
by John the Baptist in the
John the Baptist emerges from the desert to
in the desert by Satan.
At the beginning, Jesus lives in
with his mother, Mary.
Jesus calls his disciples:
"Come, follow me."
Sabbath Day (Rest)
Jesus, in death, preaches to those in the place of the dead
The 12 "disciples" ("
) become known as the 12 "Apostles" ("
people who are sent with a message
The people who believe the Gospel (good news) about Jesus are called "
The Early Church
spreads and grows
3 short years
At first the Church was all Jewish. But during this time, non-Jews (also called Gentiles) begin to believe and become Christians.
Since Jesus had predicted this, the Christians left Jerusalem. Over a million people died in the siege. Afterwards, many Jewish leaders condemned the Christians as traitors. This was the final split between Jews and Christians.
Holy Communion: Jesus is the Last Sacrifice
Because Jesus died and rose again...
Jewish revolt in Judea
Since Jews no longer had a Temple in which to offer sacrifices, Jewish worship began to consist only in Saturday Synagogue meetings.
Jewish translators compile their own Hebrew text of the Old Testament specifically to have a different bible from the Christians.
Leadership of the Jewish religion is no longer centered in Jerusalem, but in Babylon. The leaders there are called "Rabbi." They write the Talmud, a series of commentaries on the Old Testament.
5,000 Jewish soldiers and civilians are crucified along all the roads to Jerusalem.
By now, so many Gentiles (non-Jews) have become Christians that they are the majority. The Christian Church distances itself from Judaism.
How did the Church decide which books to put into the New Testament?
1. Written by a real
(or with an Apostle's input)
2. Read by all the
3. Inspired by the
Is this "Jesus" movement a whole new religion?
... but Yes
At first, all the Christians are ethnically
They worship the same God at the same temple with the same
At first, Christians still keep all the laws of
For God to
the sacrifice for sins is new.
Sunday worship with
Christianity is nothing but the
for Judaism if Jesus actually was the Son of God.
1. In the beginning, Good.
2. Good and Evil are in conflict.
3. Evil spreads.
4. God must intervene.
5. God re-establishes Good.
I AM Yahweh
on the inside
Promised Land to Jews
to all who believe.
and love one another.
Why kill this guy?
party was very strong and very angry because of Roman cruelty. When Christians preached about Jesus, the Pharisees mistook them for
, friends of Rome and traitors to their own people.
Why even HAVE a New Testament (Covenant)? What was wrong with the Old one?
Nothing was wrong with 1st century Judaism!
Temple for Sacrifices
Home and Synagogue
- right and wrong
This is a perfectly functional religion.
But a man showed up...
And what he
And how he
And what happened
Made his followers believe something
Jesus claimed to be the
of YHWH - both God and human at the same time.
Abba = "Daddy"
Mentioned in the Prophets and books of Moses
Problem: How can you picture a God who has no
? 2nd Commandment
But Jesus has a body & a face:
He is God
Latin - carnatus = meat, flesh
God "in the flesh."
Symbols of Three-ness
In the end, Christianity can't
the Trinity, only
that it is true.
Symbols of One-ness
Hundreds of Others
Simon the Zealot
Brother of Peter; former disciple of John
essentially a Terrorist; radical Pharisee
tax collector; Sadducee; Collaborator with Rome
"Sons of Thunder"
Theology of the Cross
"theo-" = god (Greek)
"-ology" = study, think about
Theology = thinking about God
Gave the gift of the Holy Spirit
" = God, please save us now!
Jesus came down.
Purpose: to unite human nature with God
Purpose: to be the perfect sacrifice for the sins of the whole world.
Jesus rose from the dead.
Glorified body and eternal life.
Jesus ascended into Heaven.
Promised to come back some day in glory with the angels to finally get rid of all evil forever.
Purpose: to conquer death both for himself and for all who believe. .
Saul was a really strict
. He began to hunt down these new followers of Jesus and persecute them.
after seeing a vision of Jesus.
A Christian named Ananias is commanded by God to
Saul changes his name to
("unworthy") and becomes the greatest Christian preacher.
Priest - responsible for
, especially sacrifice.
Scribe - a specialist in the
Rabbi - "
"; based in local synagogue
Religious Leaders in 1st century Judaism
But even within Judaism...
Read Malachi chapter 4. What promises is God making?
Messiah - "
" rescuer, hero, military leader, political leader
The Old Testament ends with some of God's promises
not yet fulfilled
The Jewish people adopt an attitude of
Jesus' ministry as an adult
After Herod the Great died (approx. 4 BC), Rome allowed his sons to rule as mini-kings, but they also installed Roman governors to enforce Roman law and command the Roman military forces in the area.
was one such governor.
Jesus' life and ministry was spent primarily in two places:
Unlike other Jews of the time, Jesus often traveled through
and talked to people there.
John preached, "
, for the Kingdom of Heaven is
Phase 1: Galilee
Water into wine; 1st miracle
Preaches in Capernaum and the other towns in
Visits Jerusalem for the Passover
The Sermon on the Mount
Phase 2: Expansion
Jesus preaches in Galilee and
Miracles by the Sea
Feeding of the 5,000
Calms a storm
Casts out demons
Rejected by his people at
Visits Jerusalem for the Passover
Phase 3: Toward Jerusalem
Jesus knows he will soon be
and tells his disciples so.
on Mt. Tabor
God the Father says, "This is my beloved Son: listen to him."
Jesus increasingly angers BOTH the
Jesus raises Lazarus from the dead.
How does an ancient person BECOME a Christian?
You hear someone preaching about Jesus, maybe see a miracle, and become convinced that this Jesus was the
Son of God
, and that he proved it by
rising from the dead.
You spend three years
about the faith: Catechesis. During this time you do not participate in
in a special ceremony at night, in a cave-like building, in a pool that looks like a
They're the SAME!
This is the Appian Way today: a road that the Bible says Paul used when he journeyed to Rome.
St. Paul's burial site, which you can still visit in Rome today.