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Timeline of the New Testament
Transcript of Timeline of the New Testament
Simon the Zealot (in today's terms, an armed insurgent)
James (the younger, son of Alpheus)
Matthew (tax collector)
Judas Iscariot (treasurer of the group, thief, betrayer)
Timeline of the
4 BC (we think)
John the Baptist Born
Herod the Great Dies
Jesus begins his public ministry
31 AD (?)
Jewish Feast of Passover 7 days
40 Days Jesus appears to his disciples
Jesus ascends into heaven
10 Days to Pentecost
Holy Spirit fills the disciples
Conversion of Saul into St. Paul
Death of Stephen
Paul's missionary journeys
St. Paul beheaded in the persecution of Christians under Nero, the first major persecution of the Church.
Jerusalem Destroyed by Rome
... and his letters
Gospels and Letters Written
50 AD - 90 AD
Last of the Apostles writes the last book of the New Testament
Events of the Book of Acts
Events in the Gospels
Most of Jesus' life:
Jesus in the Temple
About 10 years:
Garden of Gethsemane
Jesus' 1st Trial
Jesus' 2nd Trial
Jesus 3rd Trial:
before Pontius Pilate
Jesus' body taken down
Jesus laid in tomb
Jesus' body in tomb
sometime in the dark of the morning:
Jesus is alive again, leaves the tomb
3 Marys come to the tomb, see angels
1 Mary sees Jesus
Peter and John visit the empty tomb
Two Disciples go to Emmaus
Jesus appears to the disciples
Jesus moves to Capernaum and begins to preach to people: "Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is here."
Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist
John the Baptist emerges from the desert to preach
Jesus is tempted in the desert by Satan.
Jesus lives in Nazareth with his mother, Mary.
Jesus calls his disciples:
"Come, follow me."
12 tribes of Israel
brothers; sons of Zebedee
around the countryside...
> attending synagogue worship
> preaching and teaching in the open air
> doing miracles, healing the sick,
casting out demons, etc.
> meeting people, staying in their homes
> training his disciples to do the same things
> baptizing people
The Sermon on the Mount
The Feeding of the 5,000
Sabbath Day (Rest)
Jesus, in death, preaches to those in the place of the dead
The 12 disciples become the 12 Apostles
People who believe the Gospel are called "Christians"
Still does miracles, like Jesus did!
+ new Spiritual Gifts!
Still Baptizes people*
* But for different reasons...
John the Baptist baptized only to help people symbolize the repentance in their hearts.
The Church baptizes for
as a public profession of the fact that a person in the Gospel of Jesus; and
as a - God is actively involved doing something to us in baptism.
to receive the gift of the for power
as a sign of in the Church
The Early Church
spreads and grows
3 short years
Sons of Thunder
Didymus (the Twin)
Go to Jerusalem!
* "Incarnate" = Latin
"in" + "carne" flesh
God in the flesh
Reading the Book
At first the Church was all Jewish. But during this time, Gentiles begin to believe and become Christians.
Since Jesus had predicted this, the Christians left Jerusalem. Over a million people died in the siege. Afterwards, many Jewish leaders condemned the Christians as traitors. This was the final split between Jews and Christians.
(a.k.a. The Lord's Supper, Holy Eucharist, the Mass)
Because Jesus died and rose again...
From this time until the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD, Jesus and his followers begin to be perceived as being opposed to Jewish tradition and worship in the Temple.
Jewish politics between the Pharisees and the Sadducees becomes more and more violent. The parties even kill one another. Because Rome's occupation is becoming more and more harsh, the anti-Roman Pharisees gain the upper hand in the grassroots.
Jewish revolt in Judea
Since Jews no longer had a Temple in which to offer sacrifices, Jewish worship began to consist only in Saturday Synagogue meetings.
Jewish translators compile their own Hebrew text of the Old Testament (called the Masoretic Text) specifically to have a different bible from the Christians.
Leadership of the Jewish religion is no longer centered in Jerusalem, but in Babylon. The leaders there are called "Rabbi." They write the Talmud, a series of commentaries on the Old Testament.
5,000 Jewish soldiers and civilians are crucified along all the roads to Jerusalem.
By now, so many Gentiles (non-Jews) have become Christians that they are the majority. The Christian Church distances itself from Judaism.
How did the Church decide which books to put into the New Testament?
1. Written by a real Apostle (or with an Apostle's input)
2. Read by all the churches
3. Inspired by the Holy Spirit
What did Jesus and his disciples DO all day long?
Greek "ekklesia" = "gathering, assembly"
Used of an assembly of citizens called out of their daily work to perform an important civic function, such as voting on leaders.
Greek "kyraikon doma" = "house of the Lord"
1. What’s wrong with the world, and how do we fix it?
2. How did our world come to be the way it is?
3. What makes a happy life?
4. What does it mean to be human?
5. Who or what is the ultimate moral authority?
6. When it comes to choosing a religion, do people have options?
7. If something is true or real, is it true/real for everyone or just for me?
8. Do all religious work equally well?
9. What is the nature of God?
The BIG Questions: Same story, but Jesus.
Same story as in Judaism: sin is the problem. Judaism = there is no fix. But Chrisianity: Jesus' sacrifice fixes guilt; the Holy Spirit fixes our hearts.
Same story as in Judaism: God created it good, humans introduced sin.
Same as in Judaism, but God is now "Father," Jesus the perfect example, and the Holy Spirit lives in us. Like his cross, our suffering leads to heavenly bliss.
Same as in Judaism: made from dust in God's image. But Jesus is the only perfect human being ever. To be human is to have a relationship with God the Father.
Same as in Judaism: the one God, as revealed in the Scripture. God's law is good, but it cannot save, only condemn. Jesus brings forgiveness and real change.
Same as in Judaism: There is only one God, and he alone is to be worshipped. But Jesus is God, and he is the only way to approach God.
Same as in Judaism: Truth is absolute and universal, but that truth is "Jesus is Lord."
Same as in Judaism: there is only one God. All other religions work equally badly. But what about Jews?
Same as in Judaism: God is One... but in that unity there is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Is this "Jesus" movement a new religion?
... but Yes
At first, all the Christians are Jewish.
They worship the same God, same temple, same scriptures - but some new meanings.
They keep all the laws of God. Some, like James, are better at this than the Pharisees are.
There is no idea of a Son of God in Judaism; the Trinity is new.
The God-man is new.
For God to sacrifice a human being or Himself for sins is new.
Sunday worship with Holy Communion is new.
If all this
stuff is true,...
Christianity is nothing but the for Judaism if Jesus was actually the Son of God.
The Pattern finally ends!
1. In the beginning, Good.
2. Good and Evil are in conflict.
3. Evil spreads.
4. God must intervene.
5. God re-establishes Good.
I AM Yahweh
"New Creation" on the inside
Jesus will come back in glory
Promised Land to Jews
Forgiveness & Eternal Life
+ the Holy Spirit
+ the Church
+ a bunch else
then do what comes naturally