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Timeline of the New Testament

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John Thorpe

on 10 November 2016

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Transcript of Timeline of the New Testament

Timeline of the
New Testament

1 BC
1 AD
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Jesus Born
4 BC (we think)
John the Baptist Born
5 BC
Herod the Great Dies
3 BC
Jesus begins his public ministry
28 AD
Jesus' Passion
31 AD
Jewish Feast of Passover 7 days
40 Days Jesus appears to his disciples
Jesus ascends into heaven
10 Days to Pentecost
Pentecost:
Holy Spirit fills the disciples
Paul's missionary journeys
45-55 AD
St. Paul beheaded in the persecution of Christians under Nero, the first major persecution of the Church.
64 AD
Jerusalem Destroyed by Rome
70 AD
... and his letters
Gospels and Letters Written
50 AD - 90 AD

Last of the Apostles writes the last book of the New Testament
95 AD

Events of the Book of Acts
Events in the Gospels
Most of Jesus' life:
Silence
Shhhhh....
Jesus in the Temple
8 AD
About 10 years:
Silence
Shhhhhh...
10 BC
31 AD
32 AD
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
30 AD
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
(Maundy)
(Good)
(Holy)
(Easter)
Last Supper
Garden of Gethsemane
Sunday
(Palm)
Jesus arrested
Jesus' 1st Trial
Jesus' 2nd Trial
Jesus 3rd Trial:
before Pontius Pilate
Jesus crucified
Jesus dies
Jesus' body taken down
Jesus laid in tomb
Tomb sealed
Jesus' body in tomb
sometime in the dark of the morning:
Jesus is alive again, leaves the tomb
3 Marys come to the tomb, see angels
1 Mary sees Jesus
Peter and John visit the empty tomb
Two Disciples go to Emmaus
Jesus appears to the disciples
Jesus moves to Capernaum and begins to preach to people: "Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is here."
Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist
John the Baptist emerges from the desert to preach
Jesus is tempted in the desert by Satan.
Jesus lives in Nazareth with his mother, Mary.
Jesus calls his disciples:
"Come, follow me."
Inner Circle
They walk...
around the countryside...
> attending synagogue worship
> preaching and teaching in the open air
> doing miracles, healing the sick,
casting out demons, etc.
> meeting people, staying in their homes
> training his disciples to do the same things
> baptizing people
The Sermon on the Mount
The Feeding of the 5,000
The Transfiguration
Sabbath Day (Rest)
Jesus, in death, preaches to those in the place of the dead
Jesus' Passion
The 12 disciples become the 12 Apostles
People who believe the Gospel are called "Christians"
Deacons
appointed
"Pastors"
invented
Saturday
Synagogue
becomes
Sunday
Church
The Church
Still does miracles, like Jesus did!
+ new Spiritual Gifts!
Still Baptizes people*
* But for different reasons...
John the Baptist baptized only to help people symbolize the repentance in their hearts.

The Church baptizes for
from sin
as a public profession of the fact that a person in the Gospel of Jesus; and
as a - God is actively involved doing something to us in baptism.
to receive the gift of the for power
as a sign of in the Church
The Early Church
spreads and grows

3 short years
Go to Jerusalem!
Baby Jesus
(cute!)
Peter
James
John
Moses
Elijah
Jesus
Reading Scripture
Praying
Singing
believes
Sacrament
Holy Spirit
membership
repentance
{
Worship
At first the Church was all Jewish. But during this time, non-Jews (also called Gentiles) begin to believe and become Christians.
Since Jesus had predicted this, the Christians left Jerusalem. Over a million people died in the siege. Afterwards, many Jewish leaders condemned the Christians as traitors. This was the final split between Jews and Christians.
+
Animal
Sacrifice
+
Holy Communion
(a.k.a. The Lord's Supper, Holy Eucharist, the Mass)
Because Jesus died and rose again...
Jewish revolt in Judea
68 AD
Since Jews no longer had a Temple in which to offer sacrifices, Jewish worship began to consist only in Saturday Synagogue meetings.
Jewish translators compile their own Hebrew text of the Old Testament (called the Masoretic Text) specifically to have a different bible from the Christians.
Leadership of the Jewish religion is no longer centered in Jerusalem, but in Babylon. The leaders there are called "Rabbi." They write the Talmud, a series of commentaries on the Old Testament.
5,000 Jewish soldiers and civilians are crucified along all the roads to Jerusalem.
By now, so many Gentiles (non-Jews) have become Christians that they are the majority. The Christian Church distances itself from Judaism.
How did the Church decide which books to put into the New Testament?
1. Written by a real Apostle (or with an Apostle's input)
2. Read by all the churches
3. Inspired by the Holy Spirit
Closed Canon?
What did Jesus and his disciples DO all day long?
and walk...
and walk...
Is this "Jesus" movement a whole new religion?
... but Yes
No...
At first, all the Christians are Jewish.
They worship the same God, same temple, same scriptures - but some new meanings.
They keep all the laws of God. Some, like James, are better at this than the Pharisees are.
There is no idea of a Son of God in Judaism; the Trinity is new.
The God-man is new.

For God to sacrifice a human being or Himself for sins is new.
Sunday worship with Holy Communion is new.
If all this
Jesus
stuff is true,...
Christianity is nothing but the for Judaism if Jesus was actually the Son of God.
logical consequences
Old Covenant
Relationship
Promise
Response
"Father"
The Pattern finally ends!
1. In the beginning, Good.
2. Good and Evil are in conflict.
3. Evil spreads.
4. God must intervene.
5. God re-establishes Good.
Jesus
I AM Yahweh
"New Creation" on the inside
Jesus will come back in glory
Made New
Keep God's
Law
Promised Land to Jews
Forgiveness & Eternal Life
to ALL
+ the Holy Spirit
+ the Church
+ a bunch else
Simply Believe
then do what comes naturally
Why kill this guy?
The Pharisee party was very strong and very angry because of Roman cruelty. When Christians preached about Jesus, the Pharisees mistook them for Sadducees, friends of Rome and traitors to their own people.
Why even HAVE a New Testament (Covenant)? What was wrong with the Old one?
Nothing was wrong with 1st century Judaism!
Scriptures
Torah (Law of Moses)
Writings (History & Poetry)
Prophets
Worship
Temple for Sacrifices
Home and Synagogue
Priests
Rabbis (teachers)
One God - YHWH
Read, Pray, Sing
Ethics - right and wrong
{
{
{
This is a perfectly functional religion.
But a man showed up...
Yeshua from Nazareth
What he said...
And what he did...
And how he died...
And what happened after...
Made his followers believe something new about Yahweh.
Jesus claimed to be the Son of YHWH - both God and human at the same time.
YHWH is one.
Jesus: Father
Abba = "Daddy"
Spirit of YHWH
Mentioned in the Prophets and books of Moses
Problem: God has no body; no face
(not an old white man with a long , white beard)
But Jesus has a body & a face:
He is God Incarnate
Latin - carnatus = meat, flesh
God "in the flesh."
Symbols of Three-ness
In the end, Christianity can't explain the Trinity. All it can do is shrug its shoulders and say, "Because of Jesus' death and resurrection, we know these things are true, but we don't know how they all work together."
Symbols of One-ness
98.3%
Jesus' Disciples
{
Hundreds of Others
The Twelve
Andrew
Philip
Thomas
Bartholomew
Simon the Zealot
Young James
Matthew
Thaddeus
Judas
Iscariot
Skeptic
"Didymus"
Brother of Peter; former disciple of John
terrorist
tax collector; Sadducee; Collaborator with Rome
thief
Treasurer
"Doubting Thomas"
Jesus' cousin
Simon - Spokesman
James
John
Peter ("Rocky")
brothers
"Sons of Thunder"
Theology of the Cross
"theo-" = god (Greek)
"-ology" = study, think about
Theology = thinking about God
Gave the gift of the Holy Spirit
"Hosanna!"
Yay, God!
"God, please save us NOW!"
Jesus came down.
God Incarnate
Purpose: to unite human nature with God
Jesus died.
Purpose: to be the perfect sacrifice for the sins of the whole world.
Jesus rose from the dead.
Glorified body and eternal life.
Jesus ascended into Heaven.
Promised to come back some day in glory with the angels to finally get rid of all evil forever.
Purpose: to conquer death both for himself and for all who believe. .
Saul was a really strict Pharisee. He began to hunt down these new followers of Jesus and persecute them.
Saul is becomes blind after seeing a vision of Jesus.
A Christian named Ananias is commanded by God to heal Saul and baptize him.
Saul changes his name to Paul ("unworthy") and becomes the greatest Christian preacher.
Full transcript