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Timeline of the New Testament
Transcript of Timeline of the New Testament
4 BC (we think)
John the Baptist Born
Herod the Great Dies
Jesus begins his public ministry
Jewish Feast of Passover 7 days
40 Days Jesus appears to his disciples
Jesus ascends into heaven
10 Days to Pentecost
Holy Spirit fills the disciples
Conversion of Saul into St. Paul
Death of Stephen
Paul's missionary journeys
St. Paul beheaded in the persecution of Christians under Nero, the first major persecution of the Church.
Jerusalem Destroyed by Rome
... and his letters
Gospels and Letters Written
50 AD - 90 AD
Last of the Apostles writes the last book of the New Testament
Events of the Book of Acts
Events in the Gospels
Most of Jesus' life:
Jesus in the Temple
About 10 years:
Garden of Gethsemane
Jesus' 1st Trial
Jesus' 2nd Trial
Jesus 3rd Trial:
before Pontius Pilate
Jesus' body taken down
Jesus laid in tomb
Jesus' body in tomb
sometime in the dark of the morning:
Jesus is alive again, leaves the tomb
3 Marys come to the tomb, see angels
1 Mary sees Jesus
Peter and John visit the empty tomb
Two Disciples go to Emmaus
Jesus appears to the disciples
Jesus moves to Capernaum and begins to preach to people: "Repent, for the Kingdom of Heaven is here."
Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist
John the Baptist emerges from the desert to preach
Jesus is tempted in the desert by Satan.
Jesus lives in Nazareth with his mother, Mary.
Jesus calls his disciples:
"Come, follow me."
around the countryside...
> attending synagogue worship
> preaching and teaching in the open air
> doing miracles, healing the sick,
casting out demons, etc.
> meeting people, staying in their homes
> training his disciples to do the same things
> baptizing people
The Sermon on the Mount
The Feeding of the 5,000
Sabbath Day (Rest)
Jesus, in death, preaches to those in the place of the dead
The 12 disciples become the 12 Apostles
People who believe the Gospel are called "Christians"
Still does miracles, like Jesus did!
+ new Spiritual Gifts!
Still Baptizes people*
* But for different reasons...
John the Baptist baptized only to help people symbolize the repentance in their hearts.
The Church baptizes for
as a public profession of the fact that a person in the Gospel of Jesus; and
as a - God is actively involved doing something to us in baptism.
to receive the gift of the for power
as a sign of in the Church
The Early Church
spreads and grows
3 short years
Go to Jerusalem!
Reading the Book
At first the Church was all Jewish. But during this time, non-Jews (also called Gentiles) begin to believe and become Christians.
Since Jesus had predicted this, the Christians left Jerusalem. Over a million people died in the siege. Afterwards, many Jewish leaders condemned the Christians as traitors. This was the final split between Jews and Christians.
(a.k.a. The Lord's Supper, Holy Eucharist, the Mass)
Because Jesus died and rose again...
Jewish politics between the Pharisees and the Sadducees becomes more and more violent. The parties even kill one another. Because Rome's occupation is becoming more and more harsh, the anti-Roman Pharisees gain the upper hand in the grassroots.
Jewish revolt in Judea
Since Jews no longer had a Temple in which to offer sacrifices, Jewish worship began to consist only in Saturday Synagogue meetings.
Jewish translators compile their own Hebrew text of the Old Testament (called the Masoretic Text) specifically to have a different bible from the Christians.
Leadership of the Jewish religion is no longer centered in Jerusalem, but in Babylon. The leaders there are called "Rabbi." They write the Talmud, a series of commentaries on the Old Testament.
5,000 Jewish soldiers and civilians are crucified along all the roads to Jerusalem.
By now, so many Gentiles (non-Jews) have become Christians that they are the majority. The Christian Church distances itself from Judaism.
How did the Church decide which books to put into the New Testament?
1. Written by a real Apostle (or with an Apostle's input)
2. Read by all the churches
3. Inspired by the Holy Spirit
What did Jesus and his disciples DO all day long?
Greek "ekklesia" = "gathering, assembly"
Used of an assembly of citizens called out of their daily work to perform an important civic function, such as voting on leaders.
Greek "kyraikon doma" = "house of the Lord"
Is this "Jesus" movement a whole new religion?
... but Yes
At first, all the Christians are Jewish.
They worship the same God, same temple, same scriptures - but some new meanings.
They keep all the laws of God. Some, like James, are better at this than the Pharisees are.
There is no idea of a Son of God in Judaism; the Trinity is new.
The God-man is new.
For God to sacrifice a human being or Himself for sins is new.
Sunday worship with Holy Communion is new.
If all this
stuff is true,...
Christianity is nothing but the for Judaism if Jesus was actually the Son of God.
The Pattern finally ends!
1. In the beginning, Good.
2. Good and Evil are in conflict.
3. Evil spreads.
4. God must intervene.
5. God re-establishes Good.
I AM Yahweh
"New Creation" on the inside
Jesus will come back in glory
Promised Land to Jews
Forgiveness & Eternal Life
+ the Holy Spirit
+ the Church
+ a bunch else
then do what comes naturally
Why kill this guy?
The Pharisee party was very strong and very angry because of Roman cruelty. When Christians preached about Jesus, the Pharisees thought they were talking like Sadducees, friends of Rome and traitors to their own people.
A young Pharisee named "Saul" held the coats of Stephen's murderers.
Why even HAVE a New Testament (Covenant)? What was wrong with the Old one?
Nothing was wrong with 1st century Judaism!
Torah (Law of Moses)
Writings (History & Poetry)
Temple for Sacrifices
Home and Synagogue
One God - YHWH
Read, Pray, Sing
Ethics - right and wrong
This is a perfectly functional religion.
But a man showed up...
Yeshua from Nazareth
What he said...
And what he did...
And how he died...
And what happened after...
Made his followers believe something new about Yahweh.
Jesus claimed to be the Son of YHWH - both God and human at the same time.
YHWH is one.
Abba = "Daddy"
Spirit of YHWH
Mentioned in the Prophets and books of Moses
Problem: God has no body; no face
(not an old white man with a long , white beard)
But Jesus has a body & a face:
He is God Incarnate
Latin - carnatus = meat, flesh
God "in the flesh."
Symbols of Three-ness
In the end, Christianity can't explain the Trinity. All it can do is shrug its shoulders and say, "Because of Jesus' death and resurrection, we know these things are true, but we don't know how they all work together."
Symbols of One-ness
Hundreds of Others
Simon the Zealot
Brother of Peter; former disciple of John
tax collector; Sadducee; Collaborator with Rome
Simon - Spokesman
"Sons of Thunder"
Theology of the Cross
"theo-" = god (Greek)
"-ology" = study, think about
Theology = thinking about God
Gift of the Holy Spirit