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PHIL 003: Persons, Moral Values, and the Good Life (Introductory Thoughts)

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Mark Fisher

on 8 July 2013

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Transcript of PHIL 003: Persons, Moral Values, and the Good Life (Introductory Thoughts)

Persons, Moral Values, and
the Good Life

PHIL 003
Persons
What is a Person?
Moral Values
The Good Life
(What Kind of Question is That?)
Where Should I Look for Answers?
Find a person, ask "What are you?"
Look inside yourself
Google it!
If you don't already know
what a person is,
how are you going to find one to ask?
How do I do that?
Is it like looking inside a box?
If you do already know
what a person is,
why do you need to ask?
?
If I look inside of me,
how do I know that what I find will apply to
all persons?
?
Problem of Introspection
(How is Introspection Possible?)
(Can we Generalize what we Learn
through
Introspection?)
Meno's Paradox
Problem of Authority
?
Morally Adrift
Relativistic
Individualistic
Consumers
Who cannot identify, articulate, and address ethical issues
Make Judgments about right and wrong in accordance with a relatively sophisticated understanding of various domains of personal, interpersonal, and social action/interaction.
Christian Smith, Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood (Oxford: 2011)
Contents
Introduction
1. Morally Adrift
2. Captive to Consumerism
3. Intoxication's "Fake Feeling of Happiness"
4. The Shadow Side of Sexual Liberation
5. Civic and Political Disengagement
Conclusion
Social Domain Theory
Domain (Standard)

Prudential (Best Interests)
Personal (Individual Preferences)
Conventional (Societal/Political Norms, Rules, Laws)
Moral (Harm to Others)
Elliot Turiel, The Culture of Morality: Social Development, Context, and Conflict (Cambridge, 2002)
Lower and Higher Goods
Instrumental vs. Intrinsic Value
Base vs. Noble Pleasures
Individual vs. Communal Ends
Kids These Days
Full transcript