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Mexicans

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sela hernandez

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Mexicans

Mexicans
By: Marisela Hernandez, Mariana Ponce, and Regina Velasquez
Setting
In the 1800s, the Mexican army fought against the Texans for independence. The Texans created a separate army from the one lead by Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna. The Texans lost the battle at the Alamo. Twelve days later, the Texans plotted revenge towards Santa Anna and attacked the Mexicans in San Jacinto. The Texans defeated them and captured Santa Anna. Finally, they made him sign a treaty that gave Texas their independence. All of this happened in the coastal plain area of Texas.
Food, Clothing, and Shelter

In the Coastal Plains food was grown mostly in family farms and plantations. People would also rely on cattle for meat. In the farms they would grow things such as peanuts, oranges, tobacco, etc.
During the battles the men would wear military uniforms. This included dress coats and trousers. The woman would basically wear gowns and dresses. In the coastal plains their shelters would be made of lumber wood due to the great amount available.

Technology
In the 1800s both Texans and Mexicans used weapons to defend themselves. Some weapons were guns like the pistol, musket, and the Spencer. They also used sharp objects like swords, bowie knifes, and bayonets. These weapons were used in battles and were part of their technology back then.
Introduction
Mexicans influenced a big part of Texas history. One mexican that we decided to focus on was Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna. We also included things that were used in the 1800's relating to the battles and coastal plain area in Texas.
Societal Groupings
Overall, Mexican society reflects traditional societal ethos and practices. The family or more particularly the extended family remains central to Mexican society. Familial ties and bonhomie characterize Mexican social life and it is a common practice to have social get-together and festivals that include family members and relations across several generations. This is unlike the individuality that permeates many cultures and societies in transition especially in post-industrial countries
Economic grouping
The economy of the Texas in the late 1800s, experienced many advancements and problems. Things like huge growth, serious problems and major changes mainly dealing with farming.
Mexico has a mixed economy dominated by free market companies with some key industries owned by the government. Of special importance in this regard are the oil and electricity industries. It is a free market economy.
Religion/Philosophy
The Mexican religion back then was called Nahua. It was practiced by native tribes like the Mayans, Toltecs, Zapotecs and Olmecs. They worshiped several dieties and celebrated many holidays . One of the most important holidays was, Dia de los muertos.
Even though Mexico has no official religion most of Mexicans (between 85% and 90%) are Roman Catholics.
About six percent of Mexicans are Protestants which is close to 4.5 million of people. Protestants is a member of church rejecting papal authority: a member or adherent of any denomination of the Western Christian church that rejects papal authority and some fundamental Roman Catholic doctrines, and believes in justification by faith.
Mexican Americans account for about 10% of the population of the United States. Most of them are Roman Catholics and are assimilated into American culture. This means that among other things they celebrate Christmas in American way and not in traditional Mexican way.

Communication
Communications in the late 1800s were restricted. The earliest postal systems were often run by a local citizen out of his house. Postal carriers could only travel by horse and only carried certain documents. Snail mail.
The telegraph, radio , phonograph would have had a huge impact on peoples live in this era because this would have been the form of contact with the events of the world and people would react according to the good or bad news. A good example would have been for those wealthy enough to invest, giving them the latest on the markets. People isolated on remote farms and towns would have waited on news from the outside world.
Aesthetic values
In the 1800s mexicans would like to have big butts and wide hips. It was one of the few periods slimness wasn't consider pretty. The waist was supposed to be small but the women would still use corsets.
The thing that Mexicans value the most was family. Mexicans are very family oriented and in the Mexican culture, everything was about family. Mexican women were protected by their fathers, brothers and sons and were treated with great respect.
Hosting parties at their homes plays a large part of Mexican life and making visitors feel comfortable is a large part of the values and customs of the country.
Most Mexican families are highly traditional, with the father as the authority figure.
Recreation
In the Coastal Plains the Mexicans and Texans
did different activities within their people. The men liked to gamble mostly but they also had other activities. They also did things like horse riding and hunting. There wasn't many things to do during this time but people found new activities every once in a while.

Political Groupings

The political groups that brought back Santa Anna were basically the moderates and the puros. These groups were based off of liberal federates. The puros and moderados joined forces to overthrow President Mariano Paredes and arrange for Santa Anna's return.
Mexico has a federal representative republic system.
Conclusion
In the 1800s Texas was a part of Mexico. After the deadly battles, Texas became its own state. The Mexicans influenced both Texas history and culture. After the separation of Mexico, a lot of the Mexican ways stayed behind in Texas. This is how the Mexicans influence Texas, even till today.
References:
http://www.traditional-mexican-culture.com/mexican-culture-and-values.html
http://www.texasalmanac.com/topics/history/revolution-and-republic-texas
http://www.texasalmanac.com/topics/history/religion-early-texas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_L%c3%b3pez_de_Santa_Anna
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ama01
http://blackboard.amaisd.org/bbcwebdav/courses/CHS108_4THGRADE_0405/TexasHistory/TexasHistory_print.html
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsa29
http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/npl01
http://www.facts-about-mexico.com/mexican-religion.html
Full transcript