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Heart of Darkness

A-Level Lit
by

Timothy Yeaes

on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of Heart of Darkness

Coursework:

Compare 3 texts -

NOVEL
LITERARY CRITICISM
+ ANOTHER TEXT (POEM, PLAY, NOVEL)
A-Level Literature
ORIGIN OF SPECIES (1859) - CHARLES DARWIN

THEORY OF RELATIVITY (1905) - ALBERT EINSTEIN

OF DREAMS (1916) - SIGMUND FREUD
MODERNISM
WHAT WERE THESE SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES & WHAT IMPACT DID THEY HAVE ON SOCIETY?
INTERPRETATION
1450-1650
RENAISSANCE
1bc
2000bc
1890-1930
MODERNISM
POSTMODERINSM
ROMANTICISM
1750-1850
MUSIC,THEATRE/FILM
&
What is it? - How did it affect the Arts?
RENAISSANCE
ROMANTICISM
POST COLONIALISM
MODERNISM
POST MODERNISM
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
WW 1
WW 2
SHAKESPEARE
JANE AUSTEN
F SCOTT FITZGERALD
J K ROWLING
DARWIN - ORIGIN OF SPECIES
FREUD - INTERPRETATION OF DREAMS
EINSTEIN - THEORY OF RELATIVITY
HOW MANY AUTHORS, PLAYWRIGHTS, PHILOSOPHERS & POETS CAN YOU NAME!
STARTER QUESTION
A HISTORY OF LITERATURE
1000bc
1500bc
2000bc
H/W - Get a copy of
British Library - English Language Timeline!

Youtube
Where is the Democratic Republic of Congo?
Where is the Congo River?
Congo - 1899
The Heart of Darkness
Read until p.6
"spectral illumination of moonshine."
underline any language that reflects the mood of the opening scene.
Research Questions -
Which EMPIRE did it belong to?

How did that colonizing country treat it?
AGE OF EMPIRES
Where is the opening scene set?
What is the mood of the opening scene?
Who are the narrators?

What do they say about the history of this river?
What was London like in 1899?
Can you find an example of STREAM OF CONSCIOUS THOUGHT?

How many references to "DARKNESS" can you find?

What biblical allusion can you find?

What does Marlow say about London/Britain's History?

What does the doctor say to Marlow?

What happened to Marlow's predecessor in the Congo?

What are you first impressions of Marlow's character?
"They were not colonists, they were conquerors..."
Read until page 18.
Lesson Objectives?

Explain how Conrad uses language to create mood.

Explore the character of the narrator.
CONRAD...
What journeys did he encounter?


What were his political views regarding imperialism?


What biographical aspects are there in this novel?
What is a FLANEUR?
What sort of events do you think language thus far will foreshadow?
Explore how CONRAD creates a sense of place through language.

Understand how aspects of the author are reflected in the text.
Lesson Objective
select language that captures Marlow's impression of the Congo.
What sort of world has Conrad created?

•Recap on context, characters and events in Conrad’s novella.

•Understand sequence of learning for the term and assessment criteria for Coursework.

•Explain how language creates atmosphere.
Learning Objectives.
1. The opening of the novel is set .......
2. It is set in ........ (a.d.)
3. .............. & .............. are the narrators.
4. The novel is set amidst the .............. literary & cultural movement.
5. The mood & feeling of this era was ...................
6. The doctor examines the narrator's ..................
7. The majority of the narrative takes place on the river ...........
8. ............. was a colony of the ...............Empire.
9. The narrator describes the river as a ................. which had "charmed" him.
10. "........... ........." is the most repeated phrase in the opening two pages.
11. A "flaneur" is a....................
Success Criteria for Coursework
A01

A02

A03

A04
Articulate creative, informed and relevant responses to literary texts, using appropriate terminology and concepts, and coherent, accurate written expression
Demonstrate detailed critical understanding in analysing the ways in which structure, form and language shape meanings in literary texts
Explore connections and comparisons between different literary texts, informed by interpretations of other readers
Demonstrate understanding of the significance and influence of the contexts in which literary texts are written and received
H/W - Read pages 16-29
Summarize the events in this passage.

Explore the first impressions we get of Marlow's Character.
How did you feel A/S English went?

What went well, and what would you like to improve upon?
Re-read the opening 2 pages:

What mood/atmosphere has Conrad created?
What are your first impressions of Marlow's character?
Learning Objectives:
Explain the character of the narrator.

Explore Marlow's first impressions of the Congo.
What are his first impressions of the CONGO?
What do you associate with...
'DARKNESS' & 'LIGHT'
pps.18 & 22-25
"In the interior you will no doubt meet Mr Kurtz".
List down as many events as you can think of that happen in part 1.



What do we learn about the character of KURTZ? ADJECTIVES & QUOTES

What effect is he having on Marlow?
Explore the Character of Kurtz.

Analyse the effect that Kurtz & the Congo have on Marlow.
Learning Objectives:
Read from beginning of chp 2 til "The mind is capable of anything". (6 pages)
note any references to "Hearts of Darkness"

How is all of Marlow's information about Kurtz gathered?

How should each "station" be?

How does Marlow describe his surroundings and the inhabitants?
Why is Marlow's tale a framed-narrative?
Learning Objectives:
Explain the significance of the narrative structure.

Explore the biographical aspects of the novel.
Read until p.72 "Exterminate all the Brutes"
LIZ -
BETH -
ELLEN -
HANNAH -
Summarize all significant events of novel.

Analyse the character of Kurtz. What he symbolizes. How is he presented.

Analyse the character of Marlow. What he symbolizes. How his surroundings affect him. How narrative structure reflects his feelings.

Explore the key themes of the novel and explain how it is a modernist text.
PRESENTATION ON FRIDAY FRIDAY

Analyse the characters of KURTZ & MARLOW.

Explore the key themes of the novel.

Research the life and works of Chinua Achebe.
Learning Objectives:
CHINUA ACHEBE
Who is he?
What did he write about?
What were his political views?
How does he compare to Conrad?
"Things fall apart"
Read til the end of Chp2




If you were Conrad, how might you defend your novel against accusations of racism?
If you were African how might you take offense to aspects of this novel?
Learning Objectives:
Explore different attitudes towards the text.
Did Conrad intend it to be racist?
What impact has Kurtz had on the Russian?

What is the symbolic significance of the hut surrounded by ivory balls?
Research a range of texts (novel, poem or play) that is written about Africa.

Create a shortlist of literary texts that could be compared to 'Heart of Darkness'

Mr Yeates' Degree lecture notes.

Read through and highlight any information that you didn't already know.


What is the significance of Kurtz' last utterances?

Why has Conrad gone for the 3 part structure?

Learning Objectives:
To identify all of the binary opposites in the novel.

To summarize the significant aspects of Achebe's argument.

What binary opposites are there in this novel?
AFRICA EUROPE
Analyse Achebe's argument in his essay, 'An Image of Africa', and compare aspects of this text to Conrad's novella,'Heart of Darkness'.
How Many different 'Hearts of Darkness' can identify within the text?
What is Postcolonialism & What does a post-colonialist literary critic do?
H/W -
Read to the end of the novel.

What's his particular beef with Conrad? Why not any other racist texts?

What criticism of his own work does he refer to?
What similarities and differences can you already identify between these two writers and their work?
Learning Objectives:
Discuss what Postcolonialism criticism is.
Identify the significant aspects of Achebe's argument.

Compare Achebe and Conrad's texts.

Purpose/Objective
Context
Narrative voice
background of writers
Subject
Treatment of People & Place
Tone
Structure
Genre
Attitude towards imperialsim
log on to moodle.

Find A-level lit,

Heart of Darkness.

Read overview of Achebe's essay!
Next lesson you will be assessed on your knoweledge of Achebe's essay. Prep for H/W.
type in 50 african Writers: profiles
Learning Objectives:
Recap on Achebe's argument.

Compare Achebe and Conrad's writing.
600-800 words
The Flea
by John Donne
What is this poem about?
What techniques does Donne use to influence his mistress?
1. What do these words mean...
MAIDENHEAD MARK JET WOO?

2. Who is speaking to whom?

3. What religious vocabulary is used?

4. What is happening in verse 1
5. What is happening in verse 2
6. What is happening in verse 3

Learning Objectives:
Articulate your own cognitive process when approaching unseen poetry.

Analyzing a how a poet conveys their emotions through language, structure and form.
The Windhover
What "how", "what" and "why" questions spring to mind when you analyse this poem?
Create presentation for Monday Evening.
What do you understand of these terms?
Marxism.

Psychoanalysis.

Deconstruction.
A04 - Examining how there are different interpretations of a text across time.
Learning Objectives:
Apply different critical theories to your 3 chosen texts.
Research the following literary critical theories:
Hannah - Marxist Criticism

Beth - Deconstructionism

Ellen - Psychoanalytical Criticism
What does it mean?
When this theory founded?
Who are the popular theorists?
How do they look at a text?
Task - apply these critical theories to your chosen texts.
What is feminism?

What do you think a feminist literary critic does?
Read your chosen text through a structuralist perspective...
What binary opposites are there?
Understand the definition of different literary terms.
Explain how a writer presents a narrator.

Examine how an author creates a character.
How is the narrator presented in this passage?

How does the writer instil engagement with the reader?
How does a writer create their character?


Comment on the effects Dickens creates by choosing to present Mrs Jellyby in the following ways:
Through the eyes and in the language of Ester.

Through the details of her room.

Through her speech (Tone & Content)
How would these 3 read/interpret these 3?
What sort of Character is Mrs Jellyby?
Details Evidence from the text
She lives in darkness
Visitors ascend 'in the dark'; Jellyby greets them by snuffing out 'two great office candles'.
large family, but is unconcerned when a child tumbles down the stairs.
'face reflected none of the uneasiness which we could not help showing.'
The narrator, Ester, and an acquaintance, Richard are visiting Mrs Jellyby. She is a christian philanthropist who devotes her time to 'Africa Project', brining aid and enlightenment to the people of Nigeria.
Extract from Dickens' BLEAK HOUSE, 1853
H/W - Write a short analysis of how Dickens use3s varied techniques of characterization to present Mrs Jellyby to the audience.
(You are not analysing the character, but how they are created and presented to the reader.)
Full transcript