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World Civil Presentation : Abraham Lincoln
Transcript of World Civil Presentation : Abraham Lincoln
(1861–1865) The War Between the States. United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Led by Lincoln
Led by Jefferson Davis Eleven Southern Slave states formed the Confederacy United States was supported by all the free states (where slavery had been abolished) To end slavery in United States To defeat the rebellion forces from south In February, 1860, Lincoln made his first major political appearance in the Northeast
as Republican Candidate.
He then successfully
won the president
election by defeating
Democrat Party. However,
his victory in the president
election had turned out to
be the trigger of .... In the presidential election of 1860, the
RepublicanParty, led by Abraham Lincoln, had campaigned against the expansion of slavery
beyond the states in which it already existed.
As the Republican Party gained the victory
in election, seven states declared session
from the union. Considering it a rebellion,
Lincoln rejected the legality of session.
April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces
attacked a U.S. military installation at
Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the
war began. Lincoln called for 7,3000
volunteers to join the war, the full
scale assault had begun.
Abraham Lincoln Lincoln was born on Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in Hardin (now Larue) County, Ky. Indians had killed his grandfather when he was laboring to open a farm in the forest in 1786. Anti-slavery Idea from Youthhood
In 1816 the Lincolns moved to Indiana, "partly on account of slavery," Abraham recalled, "but chiefly on account of difficulty in land titles in Kentucky."
Land ownership was more secure in Indiana because the Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for surveys by the federal government.
Lincoln's parents belonged to a faction of the Baptist church that disapproved of slavery, and this affiliation may account for Abraham's later statement that he was "naturally anti-slavery" and could not remember when he "did not so think, and feel." Joining the Whig Party
Lincoln ran unsuccessfully for the Illinois legislature in 1832. Two years later he was elected to the lower house for the first of four successive terms as a Whig. His membership in the Whig Party was natural. Lincoln's father was a Whig, and the party's ambitious program of national economic development was the perfect solution to the problems Lincoln had seen in his rural Indiana past. Against Labor Politically
As a Whig, Lincoln supported the Second Bank of the United States, the Illinois State Bank, government-sponsored internal improvements (roads, canals, railroads, harbors), and protective tariffs. He was sympathetic to labor as prior to, and independent of, capital. He bore no antagonism to capital, however, admiring the American system of economic opportunity in which the "man who labored for another last year, this year labors for himself, and next year he will hire others to labor for him." Slavery was the opposite of opportunity and mobility, and Lincoln stated his political opposition to it as early as 1837. Encouraged by Whig legislator John Todd Stuart, Lincoln became a lawyer in 1836, and
in 1837 he moved to Springfield, where he
became Stuart's law partner. With a
succession of partners, including Stephen
T. Logan and William H. Herndon, Lincoln
built a successful practice. Lincoln served one term as a member of
the U.S. House of Representatives
between 1847 and 1849, where he
opposed the Mexican War. This opposition
was not a function of international
sympathy for Mexico since he thought
the war inevitable. After this, he did not
run for Congress again, returning
instead to Springfield and the law.
The Slavery Issue and the Lincoln-Douglas Debates Lincoln lost interest in politics when the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by Congress in 1854. This legislation opened lands previously closed to slavery to the possibility of its spread by local option; Lincoln viewed the provisions of the act as immoral. Lincoln thought that America's founders had put slavery on the way to "ultimate extinction" by preventing its spread to new territories. He saw this act, which had been sponsored by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas, as a new and alarming development. Group Members Pornchanok Sayyot
Oak Soe Thwin 4754051
5258035 World Civilization : Section 6