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Watson's Theory of Human Caring Concept Map

By Lynette G. NSG/400

Lynette G

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Watson's Theory of Human Caring Concept Map

Creating healing environment at all levels (physical, non-physical, subtle environment of energy and consciousness), whereby wholeness, beauty, comfort, dignity, and peace are potentiated.
Example: All aspects of care.

Practicing loving-kindness & equanimity within context of caring consciousness.
Example: Treat others how you would want to be treated, with kindness.
#3 Caritas processes
Cultivating one's own spiritual practices & transpersonal self, going beyond ego self.
Example: One's own aura.
Watson's 10 Carative factors redefined as Caritas processes
Dr. Jean Watson
"Life is not a problem to be solved,
but a mystery to be lived"
(Watson, (2012), p.ix)

Degrees in nursing & psychiatric-mental health.
PhD in education, psychology, & counseling
Widely published author.
Received many awards & honors.
10 "carative" factors in nursing.
Her work is not a scientific theory.
Theorizing about nursing, then developed her own "theory" of caring.
#5 Caritas processes
Being present to, and supportive of the expression of positive & negative feelings.
Example: Accepting of individual's feelings.
#6 Caritas processes
Creatively using self and all ways of knowing as part of the caring processes; engaging in artistry of caring-healing practices.
Example: Finding alternative ideas.
#7 Caritas

Engaging in genuine teaching-earning experiences that attend to unity of being and meaning, attempting to stay within another's frame of reference.
Example: Receiving and giving knowledge.
Traditional Science-
More quantitative

Example: Number of patient's
seen or statics of an event.

Human Caring Science-
More qualitative/combination allowing all forms of knowledge

Example: Quality of the encounter.

#9 Caritas processes
Reverently & respectfully assisting with basic needs, with an intentional caring consciousness, administering "human care essentials", which potentiate alignment of mind-body-spirit, wholeness & unity of being in all aspects of care.
Example: Needs are met & comforting.
Traditional Science-


Example: No feelings, scripted words.

Human Caring Science-

Metaphysical/spirit filled,

Example: Using your "senses",
applying your knowledge.

Traditional Science-

Method centered

Example: Evidence-based practice.

Human Caring Science-

Phenomena centered

Example: Allow the phenomena to
occur, then investigate.

Traditional Science-

Disease centered on pathology-physiology

Example: Focusing on a specific disease, limiting.

Human Caring Science-

Subjective inner whole person: the meaning,
Human inner subjective response meanings of
human condition

Example: Considering the disease as a whole within
the individual.

Traditional Science-

Human as objects

Example: Non-personable role, used for

Human Caring Science-

Human as subjects

Example: Taking the person as a whole,
spirit and body.

Traditional Science-


Example: Sticking to what is

Human Caring Science-

Experience, meaning

Example: Not absolute,
evaluating the "big picture".

Out there Science, [Online image]. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.riddlesdown.org/about-the-science-college

Watson Caring Science Institute . (2013). Retrieved from http://watsoncaringscience.org/about-us/jean-bio/

Watson, J. (2012). Human Caring Science (2nd ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook.


Traditional Science
These are 10 guidelines for putting
caring practice into action.
#8 Caritas processes
#1 Caritas processes
("Watson Caring Science Institute", 2013)
#2 Caritas processes
Being authentically present and enabling and sustaining the deep belief system of self and one being cared for.
Example: Listening, and acknowledging their autonomy.
#4 Caritas processes
Developing & sustaining a helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship.
Example: Instilling trust.
#10 Caritas processes
Opening & attending to spiritual-mysterious, and unknown existential dimensions of one's own life-death-suffering; soul care for self & the one-being-cared for.; "allowing for a miracle".
Example: Allows beliefs to take place.
Human Science
In the context of caring
Watson's Theory of
Human Caring
Lynette Ray-Gilbert
Full transcript