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Transcript of Imagism
What was Imagism?
Imagism was a literary movement that flourished between 1912 and 1927. Led by Ezra Pound, Amy Lowell and Hilda Doolittle, the Imagist poets rejected nineteenth-century poetic forms and language. These Imagists wrote short poems that used ordinary language and free verse to create sharp, exact, concentrated pictures.
Genre and Style
Free Verse- Poetry without a rhyme or meter
Poets- Ezra Pound, Amy Lowell, Hilda Doolittle (H.D.), John Gould Fletcher
Poems during the Imagist Movement- “Sea Garden” (H.D.), “Red Roses for Bronze” (H.D.), “The Cantos” (Pound)
Genre and Style
Imagist Movement was mainly composed of poems.
Ideas according to Imagists:
• Used literal words instead of fancy words
• Used language of common speech
• Created new rhythms to express their frame of mind
• Used free verse to convey their individuality
• Wrote about any subject
• Presented a clear, concrete image
• Philosophy- Concentration is the essence of poetry
• Movement led by American and British poets
• A strand of modernism, imagism began around 1912
• Imagists were devoted to free verse and clarity of expression through easy and concise images
• Imagism was created to combat the ideas of Georgian Romanticism
• Imagism ended in 1917, yet profoundly influenced free verse poetry in the 20th century
• Movement first appeared in order to go against previous literary feelings of the time, such as Victorian poetry
• Born as a reaction to Romanticism
• Imagism was very direct, did not contain unnecessary words
• Imagism in America led by Amy Lowell
• Known as first modernist literary movement in the English language
The Imagist Manifesto
"1. To use the language of common speech, but to employ the exact word, not the nearly-exact, nor the merely decorative word.
2. We believe that the individuality of a poet may often be better expressed in free verse than in conventional forms. In poetry, a new cadence means a new idea.
3. Absolute freedom in the choice of subject.
4. To present an image. We are not a school of painters, but we believe that poetry should render particulars exactly and not deal in vague generalities, however magnificent and sonorous. It is for this reason that we oppose the cosmic poet, who seems to us to shirk the real difficulties of his art.
5. To produce a poetry that is hard and clear, never blurred nor indefinite.
6. Finally, most of us believe that concentration is of the very essence of poetry.(Filreis)"
Philosophy and Politics 1912-1917
• Unnatural sentence length and structure-free verse
• Takes on normal human speech patterns
• Conserves use of words, non- verbose
• Straight to the point, plums is not a symbol for anything
• Using common language, does not utilize large word
• Topic of eating plums displays the arbitrary topics that poets from this period would write about
• Very confusing time for America, and during this time, the Progressive Era was prevalent
• Progressive Era- Period of unrest and reform in aspects of society, economy, politics and religion
• Progressive Era focused on modernization and going against and reforming old time traditions, in which the same can be said about Imagism going against previous beliefs of Georgian Romanticism and Victorian style poetry
• During Progressive Era, two presidents were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, both of whom were extremely progressive and wanted reform in many areas, including literature
• One of the biggest movements in the Progressive Era was the fight for women’s suffrage and general rights- Women were the largest contributors in the Imagism movement, and during this time women in literature in general became both more prevalent and more popular
Symbolists believed that literature should reflect an emotion or idea rather than represent the natural world and they opposed Realist and Impressionist ideas and theories.
They also believed in personal expression, and they felt that the symbolic value or meaning of literature stemmed from the re-creation of emotional experiences in the viewer.
Imagism represents a combination of reality and the writer's inner feelings tastes or opinions
Themes: love, fear, anguish, death, sexuality, and desire
The writers were unified by a shared pessimism and weariness of the corruption they perceived in modern society. The Imagists sought escape from reality, expressing their personal dreams and visions through their compositions
Based on the real anxieties of modern existence
Values and Beliefs
Daniel, Gleason. "Imagist Movement." List of Books and Articles about. Questia, Fall 2011. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
Jennifer, Benka. "A Brief Guide to Imagism." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, 21 June 2011. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
Natalie, Boyd. "The Imagist Movement." Education-portal.com. Time Magazine, 12 Jan. 2010. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
"Imagism PlayV2('en/US/d7/d7dodndgdrd3stsghn');playV2('en/UK/d7/d7dodndgdrd3stsghn')." TheFreeDictionary.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
"A Brief Guide to Imagism." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013.
"Digital History." Digital History. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/era.cfm?eraid=11>.
N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013. <http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/progressive-era-new-era-1900-1929>.
"Progressive Era to New Era - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress." Progressive Era to New Era - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Nov. 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/progress/>.
Values and Beliefs
The nature of God varied from writer to writer. To be an imagist was to express perspective through compositions in a clear concise matter. Nature was prominent subject matter for imagists. Many times nature was used to describe the writers emotion. There is no clear definition of a "good" person because it is the impression of the writer that determines so. Humans are not innately good nor evil but modern society as a whole is depraved.
By Chris, Ryan, Brad, George, and Chris