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The Secret Garden

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Shannon Flanders

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of The Secret Garden

The Secret Garden
Chapters 1-3
How do you think the move from industrial England to rural America affected Burnett as a writer?


Stop and Think...
The move to Knoxville would be important in Burnett's development as a writer. She had always been a gifted storyteller and often amused her schoolmates by acting out tales of adventure and romance. She now began to use her writing as a way to help support her family.
Knoxville, TN: 1865
Frances Hodgson was born in Manchester, England on November 24, 1849. Her father ran a successful firm which specialized in the trade of decorative household items. However, the prosperity of the Hodgson family was cut short in 1854 when her father suffered a stroke. The family decided to emigrate to America, and in 1865, when Frances was sixteen, the family settled in Knoxville, Tennessee.
Frances Hodgson Burnett
From 1858 to 1947, India was ruled by the British. This period was known as the British Raj. India was considered the jewel in the crown of the British Empire. During the height of the British Empire, Great Britain controlled more than 80 countries.
India in 1900
The Secret Garden
by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Published in 1911
Characters:
Mary- An eleven year old girl
Dickon- A twelve year old boy
Colin- A ten year old boy
Mr. Craven- The owner of Misslethwaite Manor
Martha- A housemaid at the Manor
Mrs. Medlock- The housekeeper at the Manor
Ben Weatherstaff- A gardener
Susan- Martha and Dickon's mother
Dr. Craven- Colin's doctor
The Robin- A friendly bird in the garden

Setting:
Early 1900's
India
Yorkshire, England

Her father had held a position under the English Government and had always been busy and ill himself, and her mother had been a great beauty who cared only to go to parties and amuse herself with gay people"
(Chapter 1)
The little girl did not offer to help her, because in India native servants always picked up or carried things and it seemed quite proper that other people should wait on one.
What is cholera?
Cholera is an infection that is caused by eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated by the waste products of an infected person. Cholera is now no longer considered a pressing health threat in Europe and North America due to filtering and chlorination of water supplies, but still heavily affects populations in developing countries.
The cholera had broken out in its most fatal form and people were dying like flies. The Ayah had been taken ill in the night, and it was because she had just died that the servants had wailed in the huts. Before the next day three other servants were dead and others had run away in terror. There was panic on every side, and dying people in all the bungalows.
Mary's Journey from India to London would have taken several weeks to complete. She would have traveled by both steamship and steam train.
The steam-powered engine was the most common form of power in the industrialized world in 1900. It was being widely used for both land and sea transport.
"It's—it's not the sea, is it?" said Mary, looking round at her companion.

"No, not it," answered Mrs. Medlock. "Nor it isn't fields nor mountains, it's just miles and miles and miles of wild land that nothing grows on but heather and gorse and broom, and nothing lives on but wild ponies and sheep."

"I feel as if it might be the sea, if there were water on it," said Mary. "It sounds like the sea just now."

"That's the wind blowing through the bushes," Mrs. Medlock said. "It's a wild, dreary enough place to my mind, though there's plenty that likes it—particularly when the heather's in bloom."
(Chapter 3)
What is a moor?
1. An expanse of open rolling infertile land
2. A boggy area; especially : one that is peaty and dominated by grasses and sedges
What are some of the changes Mary has experienced so far in the story? How do you think these changes will affect her?
Stop and Think...
Mary would have traveled over land and sea to reach London. What countries would she have passed through? Look at the world map and trace her journey.
Writing prompt: If you were a travel agent, how would you "sell" Mary's trip?
A brougham stood on the road before the little outside platform. Mary saw that it was a smart carriage and that it was a smart footman who helped her in.
(Chapter 3)
"Not but that it's a grand big place in a gloomy way, and Mr. Craven's proud of it in his way—and that's gloomy enough, too. The house is six hundred years old and it's on the edge of the moor, and there's near a hundred rooms in it, though most of them's shut up and locked. And there's pictures and fine old furniture and things that's been there for ages, and there's a big park round it and gardens and trees with branches trailing to the ground—some of them." She paused and took another breath. "But there's nothing else," she ended suddenly.
How would your perspective change?
Burnett wrote many magazine articles, short stories and books during her lifetime.

Many of these works have a central theme of change and self-discovery.

What predictions can you make about what will happen in
The Secret Garden
?
Stop and Think...
"The sun never sets on the British Empire."
What do you think this quote means?
She never remembered seeing familiarly anything but the dark faces of her Ayah and the other native servants, and as they always obeyed her and gave her her own way in everything, because the Mem Sahib would be angry if she was disturbed by her crying, by the time she was six years old she was as tyrannical and selfish a little pig as ever lived.
Chapter 1
AYAH, a Spanish word (aya) for children's nurse or maid, introduced by the Portuguese into India and adopted by the English to denote their native nurses.
What is an Ayah?
And then Mary Lennox was led up a broad staircase and down a long corridor and up a short flight of steps and through another corridor and another, until a door opened in a wall and she found herself in a room with a fire in it and a supper on a table.
Mrs. Medlock said unceremoniously:
"Well, here you are! This room and the next are where you'll live—and you must keep to them. Don't you forget that!"

It was in this way Mistress Mary arrived at Misselthwaite Manor and she had perhaps never felt quite so contrary in all her life
(Chapter 3)
When Mary Lennox was sent to Misselthwaite Manor to live with her uncle everybody said she was the most disagreeable-looking child ever seen. It was true, too. She had a little thin face and a little thin body, thin light hair and a sour expression. Her hair was yellow, and her face was yellow because she had been born in India and had always been ill in one way or another.
(Chapter 1)
For Sahibs and Mem Sahibs, being able to employ an impressive number of servants -- far more than they could have afforded in England -- was an attraction of Anglo-Indian life.
Stop and Think...
India is the birthplace of chess. The original word for “chess” is the Sanskrit chaturanga, meaning “four members of an army”—which were most likely elephants, horses, chariots, and foot soldiers.
The banyan, or Indian fig tree, is considered a symbol of immortality and is mentioned in many Indian myths and legends. This self-renewing plant is India’s national tree.
The Himalayas—from the Sanskrit hima, meaning “snow,” and alaya, meaning “abode”—are found in the north of India. They extend 1,500 miles and are slowly growing taller, by almost an inch a year. Several ancient Indian monasteries are found nestled in the grandeur of these mountains.
3 Cool Facts About India...
To find more cool facts about India visit: http://facts.randomhistory.com/2009/07/21_india.html
Full transcript