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Roles in Anglo-Saxon society
Transcript of Roles in Anglo-Saxon society
Vivien Ng Royalty and Witan Who were they? The role of Kings Kings actually could not make new laws. Instead, they enforce the laws and customs. He also has to assure his subjects that they would have their privileges. The Witan The Witan was
council of leaders
chose the best successor for the throne
was a very important title in the 10th century
made of aeoelings (king and princess), eorls, bishops and archbishops Eoldermen They were: the local rulers in a shire; "governor"
responsible for administration and justice
call out the fyrd and lead its forces in the field Oegn Commoners Women Children Boys and girls were considered equal Boys Girls Dependent on spouse Defined by marriage Only ones that can serve alcohol Eoldermen Ceorls (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr King and Witan Criminals Sources The End Thanks for watching !! Regia Anglorum - Saxon Social Organisation." Regia Anglorum -Anglo-Saxon, Viking, Norman and British Living History850-1100AD. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. <http://www.regia.org/Saxons1.htm>. Oeow Adults at 10 Illiterate. Housekeeper Oegns (thanes) Hunting & Fieldwork Only rich were educated Oeow (Slaves or bondsmen) Note: "fyrd" means the militia "Women Anglo." Seidenberg School of Computer Science and Information Systems | | Pace University. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2012. <http://csis.pace.edu/grendel/projf20004g
"Anglo-Saxon Social Organisation." Regia Anglorum. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.regia.org/Saxons1.htm>.
"Anglo-Saxon Britain." Britishstudies /. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://britishstudies.pbworks.com/w/page/15133669/Anglo-Saxon%20Britain>.
"Life in Anglo-Saxon England." Life in Anglo-Saxon England. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://libra.englang.arts.gla.ac.uk/oeteach/Units/2_Life_in.html>.
"The Village of Wichamstow." Regia Anglorum -. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.regia.org/village/village.htm>. Oegns (or thanes) made up most of the Anglo-Saxon army. Most oegns personally served the king as bodyguards or lesser officials.
Common activities were bridge building, overseeing fortress work, etc. They were mainly warriors. They were loyal to the king, or else they would lose their lands (or lives). On rare occasions, a oegn could be promoted to eorl. allowed to own property and earn money in spare time, and even buy their freedom
always provisioned with a certain amount of food, money, and land
during hard times, people sold themselves into slavery to ensure their provisions A child could legally take charge of inherited property, and be held responsible for a crime at the age of 12. Ceorls Geneatas Kotsetla Gebur Dependent on overlord Lot of labor services Pay a lot of taxes Pays rent to overlord Pays no rent Lot of duties Commoners Criminals Women could legally hold land, act as principals in legal transactions, and had the right to defend themselves on oath against false accusations or claims. Ceorls were the free men, farmers, and independent land and household owners. They made up the rural economy. They were allowed to bear arms and were considered "fyrd-worthy" (able to join fyrd). Although they enjoyed many rights, they didn't have the same freedom as the eorls did. Peasant aristocracy There was no police force
The structure of Anglo-Saxons’ law was simple , so for crimes people people had to pay fines.
The Saxons chopped off hands and noses as punishment for stealing or another smaller crime.
If someone killed a Saxon,
he had to pay money called
wergild, the amount varying
according to the social rank
of the victim