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Gulliver's Travels Part 4
Transcript of Gulliver's Travels Part 4
Bevin Brogan, Rebecca Portillo,
Monnicha Lehman, ALexi Swank, David Berkowitz Brief Summary
Gulliver leaves his pregnant wife after 5 months of being home
After his ship undergoes a mutiny, Gulliver is left alone on an offshore island
When he wakes, he sees an odd creature with long hair, goatlike beards, and sharp claws (later called yahoo's) Summary Continued
Gulliver trries to get away from the yahoo's and the creatures attempt to deficate on Gulliver.
Just as the creatures are about to deficate on Gulliver, a horse scares them away.
Gulliver thinks that the horse creatures are so advanced, he thinks they are magicians who transformed into horses. Summary Chapter 2
As Gulliver reaches his shelter he sees some horses in the house doing various activities
when Gulliver walks outside he notices that some of the Yahoo's are being held prisoner by the Houyhnhnm's.
The Houyhnhnm's test Gulliver by offering him hay, and other foods but he refuses all, proving he is not a yahoo.
when all the Houyhnhnm's come to eat, they try to help Gulliver pronounce things in their language.
Why do you think Swift chose Horses and not another race of humans like he has before, as the Houyhnhnm's? What could this represent?
What is your reaction to the Yahoo's as a reflection of humanity? What do you think the morals or messages are that can be taken from these chapters? Do Gulliver's actions reflect Swift's ideas about society? Explain why or why not Gulliver's reactions towards his family (and all of humanity) at the end of this section are justifiable? Look at the passage on page 1109 for clarification. Is this journey more applicable to present day than the past sections? Why or why not? How do these chapters along with previous chapters create a moral for the audience? Summary Continued Chapter 3
Gulliver is suspected to be a yahoo, but far superior to the rest of his clan.
Summary Chapter 4
Gulliver tries to explain that the yahoo's are the governing bodies where he comes from. (possible satire?)
When the Houyhnhnm's ask how his society employs their horses, Gulliver responds that the horses in their society are used for pulling, towing, dragging, and such activities.
The Houyhnhnm's do not believe that anything as low as a yahoo would dare employ a horse to do such disrespectful activities. Since they believe that horses are far superior to any other creature. Summary Chapter 5
Gulliver is asked to explain the causes of his homeland's war with France.
Gulliver explains that the reasons for the war are: who will rule, differences in opinions are more violent.
Making fun of why people go to war, such as the Lilliputians and the Egg war.
Later Gulliver criticizes the lawyers of his society. Summary Chapter 6
Gulliver talks about how people recieve rankings in his society and how his society is built.
How a chief becomes a cheif and how it differs from the Houyhnhnm's. Summary Chapter 7
Gulliver loves the Houyhnhnm's so much that he does not wish to return to Europe.
Chief of Houyhnhnm's feels that the people in Gulliver's society are not very different from the yahoo's, causing Gulliver to rethink his society and rank in that society. Summary Chapter 8
Gulliver travels to the yahoo's to see what they are like
he finds that they are strong, cowardly, and malicious creatures.
yahoo's are nimble from infancy but are unable to learn anything at all (static nation, versus dynamic) Summary Chapter 9
Houyhnhnm's debate whether or not to extinguish the yahoo's from existence or not.
Gulliver suggests not to kill them but merely castrate them so that their race will not flourish.
Characteristics of Houyhnhnm's
-sound knowledge of medicine and herbs
-live up to 75
-accept death as a role in life
-no writing system Summary Chapter 10
Gulliver is forced to leave the Houyhnhnm's because after being compared to a yahoo, Gulliver is still treated as a Houyhnhnm.
other houyhnhnm's believe that he is not welcome since he resembles a yahoo and they banish him from their island. Summary Chapter 11
Gulliver sets sail for another island to call home so that he can live the way he wants to live.
He is attacked at New Holland by arrows and is forced to hide.
He is picked up by a ship with the captain Don Pedro Mendez
Even though Don Pedro rescued Gulliver, Gulliver still thinks of him as a yahoo, which disgusts Gulliver.
Gulliver returns home and loathes his family (page 1109)
Buys two horses and converses with them for hours (hobby much?) Summary Chapter 12
Gulliver finishes his narrative and states the government explains he has to report his findings about the island and that he wants to protect the Houyhnhnm's.
What satirical evidence do you find in these chapters. How is this different than the previous sections? Definition of Feminism:
advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men. farmer’s daughter is taking care of Gulliver
only friend and protector“This accident absolutely determined Glumdalclitch never to trust me abroad for the future out of her sight.” unwilling to offend any women in Brobdingnag
shows power of the women and the respect level toward them“I cannot forbear doing justice to the Queen, my mistress, and Glumdalclitch, my nurse, whose persons were as sweet as those of any lady in England” (1037). caring and understanding, unlike the men“her Majesty made me several visits during my sickness” (1040) only ones responsible for reproduction are the females“When the matron Houyhnhnms have produced one of each sex, they no longer accompany with their consorts, except they lose one of their issue by some casualty…” (1097) strength of the women
“Strength is chiefly valued in the male, and comeliness in the female, not upon the account of love, but to preserve the race from degenerating; for, where a female happens to excel in strength, a consort is chosen with regard to comeliness” (1097) -equality of the sexes
description of the Houyhnhnms (1071)“Their shape was very singular… The hair of both sexes was of several colors, brown, red, black, and yellow” (1071) BATTLE OF THE ISLANDS!!!!!!