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Transcript of Syrian Revolution
A Nation Under Fire Introduction TIMELINE VIDEO! OPPOSITION Syrian National Initiative National Co-ordination Committee Free Syrian Army INTERNATIONAL ACTORS USA RUSSIA & CHINA UN Intervention EXTRA JONEEN Future Instability LOST Generation
The United States has placed a variety of sanctions on Syria that prohibit aid and restrict bilateral trade.
-State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation
-Syria Accountability Act
-USA Patriot Act
-Executive Orders Russia and China have significant economic and military relations with Syria As permanent members of the UN Security Council, the countries have vetoed three Western-backed resolutions aimed at isolating the Assad regime In early July 2012, Russia endorsed a Syria "Action Group" plan that called for a transitional government in Damascus, Russia has since re-emphasized that it will not back a UN proposal that would include sanctions as a solution to the Syrian political crisis Ambassador Robert Ford Washington officially closed its embassy in Damascus and withdrew Ambassador Robert Ford on February 6 amid an escalating assault by Syrian security forces on the city of Homs.
The U.S. government ordered the expulsion of Syria's charge d'affaires from Washington in May 2012 Lakhdar Brahimi, a veteran diplomat from Algeria, replaced Kofi Annan as the UN-Arab League special envoy to Syria in September 2012
Brahimi called for an international plan agreed to in Geneva last year, which calls for a ceasefire, the formation of a transitional government with "full executive powers," and elections. Proxy Wars Spillovers into Lebanon and Iraq could led to unnecessary proxy wars.
Uncertain future for Hezbollah whose emergence and survival has depended on ties with Damascus. After Assad International plan to Secure Syria's chemical weapon supply. Could potentially fall into the hands of terrorist organizations in the region. Lack of credible opposition may hinder chances of reaching a settlement after the regime falls. Syrian National Council -Composed of multiple groups
-Acting as temporary government
-Strives for democracy
-Criticizes lack of international involvement
-Majority: Sunni Muslims 1) Preserving national sovereignty and independence of decisions
2) Preserving geographic unity
3) Preserving the people's unity
4) Emphasising a political transition can only begin after "Bashar al-Assad and the symbols of his regime are brought down", and "those responsible for the spilling of Syrian blood are brought to trial,"
5) Emphasising the importance of establishing a civil, pluralistic and democratic state. -Leftist organization
-13 leftist political parties,
3 Kurdish parties, and
independent activists METHOD
-Against the use of violence
-Economic sanctions/ Negotiating with al-Assad
-No international intervention -Consists of former Syrian Army members
-Defends the Syrian people against injustice
-Operates with Syrian National Council *Colonel Riad al-Assad
-Formed July 29th, 2011
-No international support Refugee dilemma. In addition to the people who have fled the country, there are currently over 250 million refugees.
Poor conditions have left people vulnerable to disease and ill health. Child refugees Millions of Children are witnessing their past and their futures disappear amidst the rubble and destruction of this prolonged conflict. Conclusion In order to achieve international stability in the region foreign and domestic collaboration is necessary to end the bloodshed. The major humanitarian concern this conflict has evoked must come to an end. Immediate peacekeeping arrangements must be put into place and the role of the international community is extremely important.