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Arkwright's Water Frame

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by

Michelle Wong

on 25 March 2013

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Transcript of Arkwright's Water Frame

WATER FRAME Arkwright's What was it? A water-powered spinning machine that spun many fibers into threads at once. THE MAN BEHIND THE MACHINE Richard Arkwright Richard Arkwright was gifted with ambition and organization skills, which were tools that aided him with the invention of the spinning frame and the creation of the factory system. GENERAL FACTS The invention was first called the spinning frame. It was too large to be operated by hand,
so water power was used, leading to the name "water frame." The need for a large water-wheel lead to the creation of the first factory, a building specifically designed for production. Arkwright was born in a poor family, and was aware of the struggles of everyone in poverty around him, inspiring him to want to improve lives. Born the youngest of thirteen children, he had to struggle to keep up with his siblings.
This may have lead him to desire control, causing him to want to start his own company in the future. Also, the fierce competition for attention in his family most likely created a spirit of determination in Arkwright.
Despite his family’s poor background, Richard Arkwright was taught to read and write by his cousin. He became the apprentice of a barber, and later set up his own barber-surgeon business with the help of a school-master. However, it did not work out because his wife, the school-master’s daughter, passed away, and Arkwright was blamed for her death. The grief and anger this event caused possibly fueled Arkwright’s ambition and desire to show the school-master that he could cope even without his help. However, he remarried, and was able to begin a wig-making business with his second wife’s finances.
After failing his first marriage, Arkwright would have felt the desire to succeed and not fail his wife this time. As he traveled around selling his products, he came in contact with many weavers and spinners. Richard Arkwright later turned to the textile industry because he heard of the attempts to build an efficient machine. The ambition to prove himself and to help others from his childhood and first marriage presumably took over, and he decided to accept the challenge. With the help of a man named John Kay and his ideas for a mechanical spinning machine, his poor background and many struggles to excel eventually lead to the invention of the spinning frame. Having exclusive rights to the machine, he then went on to build the first factory with his organization skills, so he could have complete control in the industry.
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