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HHD U1 AOS 2 (Part 2)

Youth Health Issues
by

Casey Hawley

on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of HHD U1 AOS 2 (Part 2)

UNIT 1:
AREA OF STUDY 2 (PART 2)

YOUTH HEALTH ISSUES
YOUTH HEALTH ISSUES
"Any issue that may impact on the physical, social and mental dimensions of a person's health and development"
HEALTH ISSUE:

ASTHMA
CRITERIA 3: IMPACT ON HEALTH
(2 aspects required)
Limits ability to be
PHYSICALLY ACTIVE
and hence reduces ones
PHYSICAL HEALTH.
Can lead to feeling
LOW
and
DEPRESSED
as they may not be able to be involved in daily tasks reducing ones
MENTAL HEALTH.
Not being involved in
DAILY ACTIVITIES
and
INTERACTING
with
INDIVIDUALS
due to asthma attacks reduces ones
SOCIAL HEALTH.
CRITERIA 4:
DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT
For each health issue you must:
STATISTICS AND TRENDS:
Leading contributor
to
BOD
in those
aged 0-14
(18.4%)

2.5 million Australians
suffer from Asthma (10.3% population - 1/6 children and 1/10 adults)

In the
0-14
year age group
more boys than girls have asthma

In the
15 years and over
age group
more females have asthma
than males

In 2008 there were
449 deaths due to asthma
, which was an increase from 2007 when there were 385 deaths. This is an average of more than one person dying due to asthma every day

Higher Hospital admissions
due to asthma for those who live in
socioeconomically disadvantaged areas
compared with those living higher SES areas

In 2004-5,
39%
of children under 14 with
asthma
l
ived with one or more

cigarette smokers
, and 11% of children with asthma lived in homes where smoking occurred inside
CRITERIA 3: IMPACT ON DEVELOPMENT:
(3 aspects required)
Can interrupt
SLEEPING
and affect
GROWTH
and hence reduce ones
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT.
ASTHMA ATTACKS
can result in
MISSING DAYS IN SCHOOL
affecting
INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT.
May alter ones
SELF CONCEPT
as the attacks may not allow them to be who they want to be, affecting
EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
ASTHMA
BIOLOGICAL
PREDISPOSITION
AGE
BODY WEIGHT
BEHAVIOURAL
SMOKING
RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
PHYSICAL
ENVIRONMENT
SOCIAL
TOBACCO SMOKE IN THE HOME
HOUSING ENVIRONMENT
YOUTH HEALTH ISSUE:
ASTHMA
CRITERIA 1: OVERVIEW AND DESCRIPTION:
“Long term respiratory disease in which a person’s respiratory tract narrows in response to certain triggers, making it difficult to breathe".
SES (Socio-Economic Status)
HOMELESSNESS
BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY 1 DETERMINANT FROM EACH CATEGORY AND EXPLAIN HOW IT CAN BE BE LINKED POSITIVELY/NEGATIVELY WITH THE KEY HEALTH ISSUE
CRITERIA 5:
GOVERNMENT/PERSONAL STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT
CRITERIA 6:
RIGHTS/RESPONSIBILITIES IN ACCESSING RELEVANT SERVICES
1.
OVERVIEW

and description of the issue using a
range of sources
(PRIMARY DATA/PRINT/ELECTRONIC MATERIAL)

2. Identify

STATISTICAL INFORMATION
relating to
your health issue in Australia
(Incidence/Prevalence/Trends).

3. Outline impact your issue plays on 2 dimensions of
HEALTH
and 3 dimensions of
DEVELOPMENT
􏰁􏰐􏰄􏰃􏰂􏰀 􏰍􏰇􏰑􏰀 􏰏􏰅􏰂􏰓􏰆􏰇􏰂􏰁􏰛􏰁􏰈􏰁􏰃􏰁􏰅􏰂􏰀􏰁􏰇􏰀􏰍􏰌􏰌􏰅􏰂􏰂􏰁􏰇􏰐􏰀􏰍􏰇􏰑􏰀􏰎􏰂􏰁􏰇􏰐􏰀􏰃􏰄􏰅􏰂􏰅􏰀􏰂􏰅􏰏􏰕􏰁􏰌􏰅􏰂􏰙
CRITERIA 2:
ASTHMA RELEVANT STATISTICS
For each health issue you must:
4. Identify 4
DETERMINANTS

of health and explain how they play
a role on the health issue

NEGATIVELY

and/or

POSITIVELY
on
youth

HEALTH
and
DEVELOPMENT.

5. Identify and analyse a Government/Personal/Community

PROGRAM/STRATEGY
relevant to your youth health issue.

5. Outline 3 personal
PERSONAL STRATEGIES
relevant to your youth health issue.

6. Outline range of
HEALTH SERVICES
available to youth and discuss
their
RIGHTS

and

RESPONSIBILITIES

in relation to
ACCESSING
these
services.
􏰂􏰌􏰎􏰂􏰂􏰀 􏰃􏰄􏰅􏰁􏰏􏰀 􏰏􏰁􏰐􏰄􏰃􏰂􏰀 􏰍􏰇􏰑􏰀 􏰏􏰅􏰂􏰓􏰆􏰇􏰂􏰁􏰛􏰁􏰈􏰁􏰃􏰁􏰅􏰂􏰀􏰁􏰇􏰀􏰍􏰌􏰌􏰅􏰂􏰂􏰁􏰇􏰐􏰀􏰍􏰇􏰑􏰀􏰎􏰂􏰁􏰇􏰐􏰀􏰃􏰄􏰅􏰂􏰅􏰀􏰂􏰅􏰏􏰕􏰁􏰌􏰅􏰂􏰙
OVERVIEW OF COMMUNITY INITIATIVE
- Description of strategy
- Who runs it
- Who strategy is targeted at
- How advertised
CRITERIA 1: WHY A HEALTH ISSUE
Huge
BOD
to Australian youth and community
High contribution to
YLD
Huge
costs
to the Australian healthcare system
ASTHMA STATISTICS:
AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE 2013
ASTHMA STATISTICS:
AUSTRALIAN BUREAU OF STATISTICS
(-)
Those with a family history of asthma are
MORE LIKELY
to develop the condition
(+)
Those who are at an
IDEAL WEIGHT
are
LESS LIEKLY
to develop the condition of asthma
(-)
Youth who
SMOKE
or live with a parent that smokes,
INCREASES THEIR RISK
of developing asthma and increases chances of suffering from an asthma attack
(-)
Youth who
SMOKE
or
LIVE
with a
PARENT THAT SMOKES
,
INCREASES THEIR RISK
of developing asthma and increases chances of suffering from an asthma attack due to the constant smokey environment.
GOVERNMENT/COMMUNITY STRATEGY:
ASTHMA FRIENDLY SCHOOLS
Benefits to becoming an Asthma Friendly School include:
• Improving asthma awareness and management in the school
• Improving support to students with asthma
• Supporting responsibilities for the health, safety and well being of students and staff
• Provides parents/carers with asthma with peace of mind and access to resources
• Ensures the school is implementing current asthma management strategies
• Enables the school to promote i via window stickers, newsletters and a certificate to ensure the community is aware of the school’s commitment to Asthma Friendly strategies
First began in 2001 in Victoria, to encourage schools to develop safe, healthy and inclusive environments for students with asthma.

To be recognised as an Asthma Friendly School, each school must address and satisfy a set of criteria that establishes an Asthma Friendly environment.
PERSONAL STRATEGIES TO ASSIST WITH ASTHMA MANAGEMENT
Asthma is a condition that can be easily managed by an individual. Some tips/strategies to promote asthma management include:

ASTHMA ACTION PLAN
SEEKING HELP FROM MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS
CARRY MEDICATION WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES
COMMUNICATING WITH FRIENDS/FAMILY
Briefly elaborate on the personal strategies identified
SERVICES AVAILABLE FOR YOUTH TO ASSIST WITH ASTHMA .....
MEDICARE
Australia's Public health system that allows Australian citizens access to subsidised healthcare.Youth 15 and over can apply for their own medicare card. Medicare allows youth to:
Visit a doctor to assess asthma concerns
Receive treatment in public hospital as a result of an asthma attack
Purchase Ventolin which is subsid the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme

HOSPITAL CARE/AMBULANCE SERVICES
Hospital emergency departments can play a significant role in treating severe asthma attacks
RIGHTS/RESPONSIBILITIES OF YOUTH IN USING HEALTH SERVICES
(Pg. 161 - 163)

Those over 15 have a RIGHT to obtain their own Medicare Card
Youth have a RIGHT to have their own privacy protected
Youth have a RESPONSIBILITY to be honest with their healthcare professional
Youth have a RESPONSIBILITY to keep all their medical appointments
Full transcript