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Ancient River Valley Civilizations

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by

Jessica Metcalf

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Ancient River Valley Civilizations
Written Language
Why live near a river?
Rivers make the land around them fertile.

When the rivers flood, they leave behind a layer of rich soil that provides nutrients that crops need in order to grow.

Rivers also made transportation easy - it was easy to travel from place to place to trade with other civilizations.
Mesopotamia
Cuneiform
Writing is one of the most important thing invented by the people of the Ancient River Valley Civilizations.

Writing was invented as a way to keep records.

Each civilization had its own form of written language.
Hieroglyphics
Symbols were carved into stone or written on papyrus paper.
Symbols written on clay tablets.
Nile River Valley (Egypt)
Seals
Seals were stamped into stone and attached to goods to showed who owned them.
Indus River Valley (India)
Oracle Bone
Symbols were written on bones to record prophecies, things that were expected to happen in the future.
Huang He River Valley (China)
Architecture
Architecture is the design of buildings.

Each of the Ancient River Valley Civilizations had unique architecture.
Mesopotamia
Ziggurats
Pyramids
Cities were built around temples called Ziggurats. In ziggurats, people worshiped many gods.
Nile River Valley (Egypt)
Pyramids were built by slaves and were used as tombs for Pharaohs.
Well-Planned Cities
Cities were in a grid pattern, making it easy to get around. Water could easily reach each home.
Indus River Valley (India)
Huang He River Valley (China)
Rectangular Houses
Rectangular houses with thatched roofs arranged in rows.
Social Order
Social order describes the way people in a culture relate to each other.

In the Ancient River Valley Civilizations, some people were considered more or less important than others, and were treated differently.
Mesopotamia
Social Class
The king was in the upper class, scribes in the middle class, and slaves in the lower class.
Nile River Civilization (Egypt)
Social Pyramid
Pharaohs and government workers at the top, craftsmen and scribes in the middle, farmers and slaves at the bottom.
Indus River Valley (India)
Priests at the top, then warriors, herders, farmers, merchants, and craftspeople, and servants and laborers that the bottom. "Untouchables" were lower that bottom class.
Caste System
Huang He River Valley (China)
Social Class
Four classes and then slaves.
Government
Mesopotamia
The people who are in charge of making the rules and making sure people follow the rules.
Before the river civilizations, there were no governments.
King Hammurabi wrote the first laws in the world. They were called Hammurabi's code.
Ruled by a King
People in ancient Egypt believed that Pharaohs were part man, part god. They were buried in the pyramids after they died.
Ruled by Pharaohs
Nile River Valley (Egypt)
The Priests had more power than the King because only priests could make offerings to the gods.
Ruled by Kings and Priests
Indus River Valley (India)
People in the military had the most power.
Ruled by an Emperor
Huang He River Valley (China)
Full transcript