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Islamic Luxury Arts 2

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by

Maddy Raatz

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Islamic Luxury Arts 2

Calligraphy Retrospective Review Maddy Raatz
Eric Saldanha
Arun Sharma
Stephanie Turcotte Islamic
Luxury Arts Silk Patronization Spans many media

Sponsored by both religious and private individuals = Used in mosques and in homes

Found in Safavid, Mamluk, Ottoman empires, etc.
= became more innovative over time Metalworking Characteristics Uses Impact By: ornamental writing
right to left, cursive-like Koran/other holy texts written beautifully to show honor in faith
written on pages and architecture a sacred art form
"Purity of writing is purity of soul”
scribes were spiritually refined
long and arduous training "A Holy Task:” Used in many Islamic art media
Found in many other cultures (Persian, Turkish, etc.

Even in modern countries, calligraphy is seen most everywhere
Even for the most basic purposes, arabic is written very beautifully Kufic: angular, letters form right angles to baseline, obsolete. Fonts Naskhi: narrower and less formal; basis for current fonts Chapter title in gold band.
Finial: palm-tree crowning ornament Characterized by use of sumptuous materials and rich decorative patterns

Used expensive and/or rare materials

Used in sacred spaces or in private homes Characteristics Had artistic and utilitarian purpose

Usually made of hard metals
brass, bronze, steel

Often inlaid with soft, precious metals
gold, silver, and copper

Increased artistic realism in later centuries Deviation from Aniconism Increased anthropomorphism
animal figures on vessel
vessel in animal shape

Possible source: Persian influence through literature and contact *Cast brass ewer in the form of a bird
By Sulayman, 796 C.E.
Traces of Silver and Copper inlay

*Details suggest natural feathers
*Has rosettes on neck
*Large medallion on chest
*Inscribed neck
“In the name of God, the merciful, the compassionate, blessing from God” Rosettes Medallion Inscribed collar Natural feathers *Islamic Bronze Lion Incense Burner
(Reproduction)

*Standing lion with raised tail, ribbed paws, elliptical eyes *Bronze incense burner
from Gurgan, Iran

*Kufic inscriptions on animals chest
Common for era




Source of extravagance in Islam Elevated art with rich material Many media: calligraphy, metal, silk, etc. Deviated from aniconism = artists more liberated *Seduction of Yusuf
Bihzad, 1488
Afghanistan (Timur)
Commissioned by sultan

*Ink and color on paper *Mosque Lamp
Egypt, 1340
Glass with enamel decoration *Baptistére de Saint Louis
Muhammad Ibn al-Zayn
Egypt, 1300 (Mamluk)
Brass, inlaid with gold and silver *Christian canteen
Syria, 1240
Brass, inlaid with silver Very fragile media

Silk is produced by silkworms

Roundels/Tondi- circular frames

Found in households

NO NO in mosques

Muhammad only allowed decoration by animals and birds (No humans)
*Wealthy ruling = “power dressing” (better clothing symbolized more power)

*Animal designs and inscriptions sometimes attributed the qualities of these creatures to the wearer, or represented blessings

*Very popular in trade routes; established silk patterns and propogated Islamic influence across asian continent.
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