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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi
by Emily Mahatma Gandhi ( Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) FAMILY and BIRTH QUOTES by Gandhi You must be the change you wish to see in the world. Indian writer Rabindranath Tagore gave the name Mahatma (great soul) to Mohandas Gandhi. An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. GANDHI: SOME BACKGROUND INFO What did he do? Why is he important? Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement, since he led India to freedom from British control. Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting. http://history1900s.about.com/od/people/a/gandhi.htm First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win. Where there is love there is life. The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding. Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony. You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty. It is health that is real wealth
and not pieces of gold and silver. Live as if you were to die tomorrow,
learn as if you were to live forever. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/m/mahatma_gandhi.html#bXwE1TXJ00jAJg1H.999+ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohandas_Karamchand_Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India, part of the British Indian Empire. His parents were Karamchand Gandhi (father), and Putlibai Gandhi (mother). He had two brothers, and a sister and was the youngest of the family.Gandhi's father was an administrator, his job was to settle the British officials and the local subjects. His mother was an extremely devoted adherent of Vaishnavism, the worship of Vishnu, and devoted herself to fasting and prayer. She taught Gandhi values such as tolerance and ahimsa, or non injury to living beings. When Gandhi was 13 years old (May 1883), he married 14 year old Kasturbai Makhanji (mother Vrajkunwerba Makharji, father Gokuladas Makharji) and they had four sons.
Harilal (b. 1888)
Manilal (b. 1892)
Ramdas (b. 1897)
Devdas (b. 1900) Gandhi and his wife
Picture taken in 1902 Education Studied at University College London, University of London and Alfred High School.
Gandhi finished middle and high school after his wedding. He wanted to be a doctor, but his parents pushed him into law. They wanted him to follow in his father's footsteps. Also, their religion forbade vivisection (cutting open human sections), which is part of medical training. He barely passed the entrance exam for the University of Bombay, and enrolled at Samaldas College in Gujarat, but he was not happy there. In September 1888, Gandhi traveled to London, England, to study law at University College London, where he studied Indian law and jurisprudence and to train as a barrister at the Inner Temple, which he had promised his mother he would do. Gandhi tried to adopt to"English" customs, including taking dancing lessons. However, he could not appreciate the vegetarian food offered by his landlady and was frequently hungry until he found one of London's few vegetarian restaurants. In 1891 he returned to India to study law. http://asianhistory.about.com/od/profilesofasianleaders/p/GandhiProf.htm SOURCES http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898 Mahatma Gandhi
by Ann Heinrechs KEY WORKS OF CHANGE AND SOCIAL JUSTICE Gandhi led Indians on a 400 km Dandi Salt Walk (Salt Satyagraha) in 1930 to protest against high national salt taxes
The Quit India movement, led by Gandhi, as he had an immediate desire for India's freedom and independence from the British Empire. Passive resistance appears in his call to Do or Die. This movement failed because there was not enough supporters.
In 1947, India finally gets it's independence, thanks to Mahatma Gandhi RELIGION Gandhi was a Hindu, but he believed in peace between Hindus and Muslims and would fast for many days so that there will be peace between the two religions. Belief Gandhism was all of Gandhi's beliefs, principles and ideas that he promoted. A Gandhian meant that you would follow, or if you had a specific philosophy which was similar to Gandhism.
Gandhi believed he was an average man with average abilities, he was not a great writer, or a great warrior I believe in equality
and photographers. What is faith worth if it is
not translated into action? I would dance with joy if I had to give up politics. What you do is of little significance. But it is important that you do it. http://www.mkgandhi.org/intro_autobio.htm AFRICA
1893–1914 Gandhi was 24 when he arrived in South Africa to work as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian Traders based in the city of Pretoria. He spent 21 years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics and political leadership skills. Wealthy muslims employed him as a lawyer.
In South Africa, Gandhi faced the discrimination directed at all coloured people. He was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg after refusing to move from the first-class. He protested and was allowed on first class the next day. As he traveled farther on a stagecoach, he was beaten by a driver for refusing to move to make room for a European passenger.He suffered other hardships on the journey as well, including being banned from several hotels. In another incident, the magistrate of a Durban court ordered Gandhi to remove his turban, which he refused to do.
In 1908, Gandhi is imprisoned. In 1915, Gandhi returns to India. http://ridasarah.tripod.com/id2.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quit_India_Movement TIMELINE 1869- Gandhi was born
1883- He married Kasturba at age 13
1888- Gandhi sails to England to study law
1891- Gandhi returns to India and begins to practice law
1893- Gandhi agrees to become a lawyer in South Africa
1903- Gandhi decides to open a law office in Johannesburg
1906- He protests against anti-Indian laws in South Africa
1908- Gandhi is imprisoned in South Africa
1915- Gandhi returns to India
1922- After a huge trial, Gandhi is sentenced to six years in jail
1930- Gandhi has to go to jail again because of breaking India's Salt Laws
1934- Gandhi launches the All Indian Village Industries Association
1942- Gandhi begins the nationwide Quit India movement
1947- India finally gets it's independence
1948- Gandhi is assassinated at a prayer meeting A TRAGIC END On January 30 1948, Gandhi attended a prayer meeting. People cleared a path and some even bowed down to him. He reached the stage and gave the traditional Hindu greeting, putting his hands together and holding them up high. All of a sudden, a man rushed forward. In his hands he held a pistol and shot Gandhi three times in the chest. Gandhi was assassinated by Nathan Godse He was cremated at Raj Ghat and associated memorials in New Delhi, India. His words and non violence ways still live today. Gandhi's memorial