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History of Rock 1/4/12

Urban Blues

Becky Brown

on 11 January 2018

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Transcript of History of Rock 1/4/12

Welcome to History of Rock!
What does music have to do with identity?
How might an artist use music as a vehicle for
expressing personal identity? How do we use
music to define ourselves?
The Rise of the Urban Blues
A massive black migration from rural areas in the south to urban areas in the North after WWII created numerous black communities in America's urban centers.
The newness and alienation of urban existence helped create the context in which urban blues flourished.
Urban blues became the replacement for the rural blues of the '30s and '40s and was played in the bars of Chicago's South Side as well as other urban centers and theater stages.
Muddy Waters
A former cotton picker and rural blues artist from Mississippi, Muddy Waters formed a seminal Chicoago-based blues band in the late 1940s.
Drums, string bass, electric rhythm guitar, and piano made up the "core" of the band. This core band became the model for the modern rock group.
While urban blues retained the emotionality, slurred lyrics, and bent notes of rural blues, its lyrics expanded to include some positivity and boastfulness.
Other Urban Bluesmen
everythin's gonna be
alright this mornin'
Ooh yeah, whoaw
Now when I was a
young boy, at the age
of five
My mother said I was,
gonna be the greatest
man alive
But now I'm a man, way past 21
Want you to believe me baby,
I had lot's of fun
I'm a man
I spell mmm, aaa child, nnn
That represents man
No B, O child, Y
That mean mannish boy
I'm a man
I'm a full grown man
I'm a man
I'm a natural born lovers man
I'm a man
I'm a rollin' stone
I'm a man
I'm a hoochie coochie man
Mannish Boy
Bass player Willie Dixon wrote songs that were recorded by Howin' Wolf and harmonica great Little Walter
Elmore James was known for his bottleneck-style guitar playing
John Lee Hooker created and recorded story songs about the "hard life"
In other locations guitarists BB King (Memphis), T-Bone Walker (L.A.), and Lightnin' Hopkins (Texas) represented regional blues efforts.
Rhythm and Blues
In the late 1940s, black music visionaries transformed elements of blues, gospel, and jump-band jazz into the style known as rhythm and blues.
This fusion later became the basis for rock's first era.
The "core" blues band
upbeat rhythms
backbeat emphasis on 2nd and 4th beats in the measure
vocal virtuosity and onstage showmanship
vocal emotion , slurs, and blue notes
an optimistic worldview
Muddy Waters--Hoochie Coochie Man
How do the themes in the lyrics differ from themes in the rural blues?
Full transcript