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Transcript of ww1 timeline
By Jessica Estrada
The Shlieffen plan was Germany's plan to pretty much win World War 1 , it was devolped by Alfred Von Shlieffen prior to the start of WW1. The plan was to stage a two front war with Russia in the east and France in the West. The Shliffen plan was taught to be a very good strategy with little room for error but in the ned it failed .Inorder for the plan to have worked Germany would have to drive their armies trough Belgium and swing south to capture Paris within a few weeks .After acomplishing this Germany would turn their attention to Russia.
Why the plan failed
The Shliffen plan failed for 2 major reasons.
one being: Russian forces were already on the
move when Germany declared war. The other being
that Germany taught that Britain would remain neutral
which was not the case since the triple entente promised that Britain would defend France if they were ever attacked. Other reasons for failure where that soldiers were exhausted from the pace of their attack and German leaders made changes to the plan which in turn weakened it
Pre war- August 1914
Trench warfare was the main type of combat used during World War 1. Trench warfare is when soldiers would dig holes in the ground known as trenches to avoid being fit by enemy fire. Soldiers would live in the trenches for many months which had bad living conditions such no washrooms and rodents which resulted with the soldiers dying from deseases
No Man's Land
June 28 1919
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
War of Attrition
Battle of Ypres
Battle of Vimy Ridge
July 28 1914
November, 11 1918
Battle of the Somme
Battle of Passchendale
October 18 1929
War measures Act
Military service Act
May 7 1915
June 28 1914
The Black Hand
December 6 1917
USA enters War
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The Black Hand was a terrorist group from Serbia, Their objective was to free Serbia from Austria-Hungary. On June 28 1914 a member from this group name Gavrilo Princip assasinated the archduke and duchess of Austria. This incident was known as the shot heard around the world
The assassination of the of the archduke and duchess was what triggered the start of the first world world war
Robert Borden was the 8th prime minister of Canada(served during WW1). Throughout the years of WW1 he put in place many acts in place such as the Military Service, War measurement's act , and Military's voters act. as well as income tax which was originally only supposed to be temporarily. He was also knighted for his efforts in WW1 (1915)
War of Attrition is when enemies do not fight eachother in direct combat but rather wear each other out. so they would do anything necessary in order to make the opposing force give up
World war 1 was called war of attrition because
both sides suffered severely and loss many solders
they also did got gain a significant amount of
territory from the enemy. They were simply trying
to "Bleed the enemy white" before their own army
was completly wiped out.
Overall trench warfare made WW1 a very slow and long process where little progress was made
No man's land was the area between the trenches of opposing forces. In order to get to no mn's land you would have to climb over the fences and under barb wire. getting to no mans land was a very dangerous because you were at huge risk of getting shot down by enemy sniper. This resulted in many solders dying especially at the hands of Germans snipers who had superior machine guns.
The battle of Ypres took place in Belgium in 1915. This battle was the first time Canada used trench warfare and was also the first time chlorine gas was used in war.This battle marked the beginning of trench warfare and overall was a bad battle for Canada with over 6000 dead.
The Lusitania was a British passenger liner with was sunk by a german U-boat.
Prior to the sinking of the Lusitania
The US was neutral in the war but when they discovered that 128 innocent american civilians(1,198 in total) were killed when the ship was sunk they were outraged. The ship also carried munitions for the allies . The Americans entered the war 2 years after this incident
Sam Hughes was Canada's minister of militia and defense during WW1. Hughes was also knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, on August 1915. Sam was also known as a "Cheap scape since he did not give his troops proper boots clothing and weapons (Ross Rifle)
The Battle of the Somme took place in France and is known as being the biggest blood bath of WW1. This battle lasted 5 months and resulted with around a million casualties on both sides (over 20,000 Canadian. )
Overall this was a bad battle for the
allies with devastating losses and a failed attempt to end trench warfare because they could not penetrate the German " armour" , There were also many consequences to this war as solders became "shell shock". 23 Canadian solders were executed because they left the front line.
The military service act also known as the conscription crisis was passed in order to Force fit men from the ages of 20-45 to enlist in the army. This was done to increase the number of canadian solders since so few were volunteering and because the war was going so bad and their were so many casualties they needed more men to fight .
The Russian Revolution forced Russian troops to withdraw from the eastern front a swell as sign a peace treaty with Germany. This meant that Russia was no longer in the war and now Germany could send their troops at the eastern front to the western front so that they could have more troops fighting on the front line giving them an advantage . In the end this failed ,
The Americans entered the war because
of what happened in the sinking of the
The us believes that they won the war but in reality Germany was already on the verge of loosing by the times the americans got there since they had already been at war for 3 years.
The battle of Vimy Ridge was fought in France near the Belgium border. This battle in known as being the best battle in Canadian history, the battle also helped Canada become known as an independent country and not just one of Britain's colonies. Canadian troops were also recognized as being one of the best fighters on the western front.
Inthe batlle of passchendale Canadians troops were asked to attack The germans and take the town of passchendale .
Arthur currie a canadian general predicted that this battle could not be won since the troops would not be able to move through the mud, but was ignored and asked to attack anyway
Canadian troops were able to take the town and hold it untill reinforcments came , but then it was lost again wehn the french and english took the lead so this was a loss for the allies
The Halifax explosion occured when a French munition ship carrying 3,000 tons of ammunition collided with another ship in the Halifax Harbor.This was the worst man made explosion in history (untill Hiroshima)
The blast destroyed large parts of Halifax and killed over 2000, thousands were injured and/or left homeless
The treaty of Versailles ended ww1 and is the the most important international agreemant of the 20th century
Representatives from Britain, France Canada and the US
gathered at the pairs peace conference to decide what was going to happen to the Austria-Hungary and Germany
The allies decided that Germany would be held responsible for WW1 and have to pay for all the damages and the losses of the war , as well as other things such as restricting the number of their army and taking away a portion of their land after this germans were also treated very poorly and their economy suffered greatly.The agreements on the treaty of Versailles was what pussed the Germans to start WW2.
The league of nations is an organization
made by Woodrow Wilson (in where he proposed his 14 points) at the end of WW1 to ensure that a another war would never occour again ( this obviously failed)
Canada was also given a seat in the league of nations
The Famous 5 was made out of 5 women from Alberta,they are responsible for presenting the 'Person's case" to the supreme court in where they asked if the word "person" in the BNA act also included females.
They ended up winning the case in 1929 and therefore women could vote. But it was not until 1940 that women could vote all over Canada
The war measures act gave the government the power to take away civil rights, this resulted in thousands of searches and about 400 arrests made.
The government arrested anyone that looked suspicious because they believed that some people wanted to overthrow the canadian government .
immigrants from enemy country were more at risk to be arrested because of this act