Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

MLA Format & Documentation Guide

No description
by

TAMIU Writing Center

on 28 August 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of MLA Format & Documentation Guide

The first given name appears in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in first name last name format.

Example:
Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner.
The Allyn and Bacon Guide to Peer Tutoring
.
Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.

When a work has four or more authors, either provide the first author’s name followed by
et al.
or list all the authors’ names.

Example:
Wysocki, Anne Frances, et al.
Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for
Expanding the Teaching of Composition
. Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.

Quoting with Spelling Errors
MLA Format & Documentation Guide
What is MLA?
MLA (Modern Language Association) style provides writers with a uniform format for document layout and documenting sources.

MLA style is often used in the following disciplines:
humanities, languages, literature, linguistics, philosophy, communication, religion, and others.

Properly documenting sources ensures that an author is

NOT

plagiarizing.

Formatting the First Page
NO

title page

Add heading to the upper left-hand corner of the first page

Heading

MUST

include the following in sequential order:
Student’s name, professor’s name, course, and inverted date (e.g. 15 August 2008)

Title goes centered after the heading and should

NOT

be:
Italicized, underlined, boldfaced, or placed inside quotations


NO

extra spacing after heading and title

Create a header in the upper right corner that includes your last name and page number

General Format
Use standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper when printing.

Double-space
EVERYTHING

Use 12 pt. Times New Roman (or similar readable font)

Leave only one space after punctuation marks.

Set all margins to 1-inch on all sides

Indent first line of paragraphs one half-inch

Sources Types
Primary Sources

Written or created during the time under study
The information comes
DIRECTLY
from the source you are using.
Primary sources include:
Original Documents: diaries, speeches, letters, interviews
Creative Works: poetry, drama, novels, music, art



TAMIU Writing Center
Works With Three or Fewer Authors
For a source with three or fewer authors,
ALWAYS
list
ALL
the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation.

Examples:
Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States (20).

The authors state, “Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (Smith, Yang, and Moore 20).


Signal Phrases
A signal phrase distinguishes the author’s information from your own.

(Author’s name) + (action verb) =
SIGNAL PHRASE

MLA is written in present tense.

Include parenthetical citations
AFTER
each direct quote but
BEFORE
the punctuation.

Short Quotes
LESS
than 40 words

Introduced by signal phrase

Enclose quotation with double quotation marks

Punctuation goes
AFTER
parenthetical citation

Examples:
Harold Bloom states that “a literary work also arouses expectations that it needs to fulfill or it will cease to be read” (18).

According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184).

Is it possible that dreams may express “profound aspects of personality” (Foulkes 184)?

Long Quotes
MORE
than 40 words

Introduced by an informative sentence followed by a colon

Quote starts on a
NEW
line and stands as a freestanding block without quotations

The entire quote is indented 1-inch from the left margin.

Parenthetical citation goes
AFTER
punctuation.

Incorporating Sources: Major Works
Adding Words to Direct Quotes
If you add a word or words in a quotation, put
BRACKETS
around the added information to indicate that they are not part of the original text.

Example:
Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states: “some individuals
[
who retell urban legends
]
make a point of learning every rumor or tale” (78).



Work Cited: Book by More than One Author
Work Cited: Book by One Author Format
Author’s Last name, First name.
Title of Book
. Place of Publication:
Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

*
Note that the title of the book goes in italics.
*
*
The medium of publication for all hard copy books is Print.
*

Example:
Gleick, James.
Chaos: Making a New Science
. New York: Penguin, 1987.
Print.

Works Cited Format
Header with last name and continuous page sequence

The words
Works Cited
are centered at the top of a new page and are
NOT
italicized, bolded, underlined, or in quotation marks.

Each entry is aligned to the left margin with each subsequent line indented (i.e.
hanging indent
).

Double-spaced

List sources
ALPHABETICALLY
, beginning with the author’s name inverted (last name, first name).

If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens (
---.
) in place of the author's name for every entry after the first.

Works Cited Format
The words
Works Cited
are centered at the top of a new page and are
NOT
italicized, underlined, boldfaced, or placed inside quotations.

Each entry should be double-spaced and aligned to the left margin with each subsequent line indented (i.e.
hanging indent
).

List sources
ALPHABETICALLY
, beginning with the author’s name inverted (last name, first name).

If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens and a period (
---.
) in place of the author's name for every entry after the first.

When a source has no author, alphabetize by
TITLE
, ignoring a, an, or the.

When quoting text with a spelling or grammar error, insert the term
SIC
in italics directly after the mistake, and enclose it in brackets
[
sic
]
.

The word sic tells the reader that your quote is an exact reproduction of what you found, and the error is not your own.

Example:
Mr. Johnson says of his experience at Area 51, "It's made me reconsider the existence of extraterestials
[
sic
]
."
Omitting Words from Direct Quotes
If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using
ELLIPSIS MARKS
, which are three periods (
. . .
) preceded and followed by a space.

Example:
Jan Harold Brunvand notes that “some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale
...
and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs” (78).


Incorporating Sources: Minor Works
The titles of all minor works are placed inside
QUOTATION MARKS
when used within your paper.

Examples of minor works include:
Crediting Sources
PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS
include the author’s last name and a page number.

Example:
Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).

IN-TEXT CITATIONS
only contain the page number since the author’s last name is provided in the signal phrase.

Example:
Wordsworth states that Romantic poetry is marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263).

Unknown Authors
If the source
LACKS
an author, use the complete title in a signal phrase or a short form of the title in the parenthetical citation.

Examples:
“Global Warming: A Worldwide Crisis” notes that we see so many global warming hotspots directly over Australia (6).

Several global warming hotspots are found suspended over Australia (“Global” 6).
Indirect Citations
Indirect Source: The information you are using quotes
ANOTHER
source (second-hand information).

Name the author of the original source in a signal phrase.
Begin the parenthetical citation with
qtd. in
followed by the author of your source and the page number.

Example:
According to William Zinsser, “Writing improves in direct ratio to the number of things we can keep out of it that should not be there” (qtd. in Cantu 1).

The titles of all major works are
ITALICIZED
when used within your paper.

Examples of major works include:







Journals:
Books:

Plays:
Long poems:

Television shows:
Films:
Albums:

Web sites:

Journal of Applied Psychology
The Hunger Games
Romeo and Juliet

The Iliad
Glee
Mean Girls
Teenage Dream
Yahoo

"The Best Jobs of 2014"
“The Hound”
“Fire and Ice”
“She Loves Me”
“The New Rachel”
“Firework”


Example:

It may be true, as Robertson maintains, that “in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance” (136).

Secondary Sources

Interprets and analyzes primary sources
The information provides an analysis that
OTHER
researchers have made.
Secondary sources include:
Publications: Textbooks, magazine articles, encyclopedias

Example:

Serrano and Coronado state, "Most manuscripts are not submitted electronically; therefore, all the elements of the manuscript must be in electronic format" (127).

Work Cited: Journal Article Format
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.”
Title of Journal
Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

*
Note that the title of the journal goes in italics.
*
*
The medium of publication for all scholarly journal articles is Print.
*

Example:
Duvall, John N. “The (Super) Marketplace of Images: Television as
Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise.”
Arizona Quarterly
50.3 (1994): 127- 153. Print.


Work Cited: Magazine Article Format
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.”
Title of Magazine

Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

*
Note that the title of the magazine goes in italics.
*

*
The medium of publication for all magazine articles is Print.
*

Example:
Buchman, Dana. “A Special Education.”
Good Housekeeping
Mar.
2006: 143-148. Print.

Work Cited: Electronic Sources Format
Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). “Article Name.”
Name of Site
. Version number.
Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access.

*
Use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given.
*
*
The medium of publication for all electronic sources is Web.
*

Examples:
Bernstein, Mark. “10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.”
A List Apart: For People Who Make
Websites
. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009.

"How to Make Vegetarian Chili."
eHow
. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

Work Cited: Films Format
Film title. Director’s (abbreviated Dir.) first name last name. Film studio or
distributor, release year. Medium of publication.

*
If relevant, list performer (abbreviated Perf.) names after the director’s name.
*

*
The medium of publication for all films is Film.
*

Examples:
The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz
Palminteri, Stephen Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, 1995. Film.

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Dir. George Lucas. Twentieth Century Fox,
1977. Film.



Still Have Questions?
Come visit us at:

TAMIU Writing Center
Dr. Billy F. Cowart Hall
Room 203

Or you can reach us at:

956-326-2884
or
writingcenter@tamiu.edu

Don't Forget to Connect With Us!

facebook.com/txamiu.writing

@tamiuwc

pinterest.com/tamiuwc/




Remember to Consult With Your Professor
#1 Rule for any formatting style:
ALWAYS
follow the specific instructions given by your instructor!

What is MLA?
MLA (Modern Language Association) style provides writers with a uniform format for document layout and documenting sources.

MLA style is often used in the following disciplines:
humanities, languages, literature, linguistics, philosophy, communication, religion, and others.

Properly documenting sources ensures that an author is

NOT

plagiarizing.

General Format
Use standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper when printing.

Double-space
EVERYTHING

Use 12 pt. Times New Roman (or similar readable font)

Leave only one space after punctuation marks.

Set all margins to 1-inch on all sides

Indent first line of paragraphs one half-inch

MLA First Page Format
Header with last name and page number

Heading with student’s name, professor’s name, course, and inverted date.

Title goes centered and should not be italicized, underlined, boldfaced, or placed inside quotations

Double-spaced

12 pt. readable font

1-inch margins

No extra spacing between heading and title

Indent first line of paragraphs one half-inch

MLA First Page Format
Header with last name and page number

Heading with student’s name, professor’s name, course, and inverted date.

Title goes centered and should not be italicized, underlined, boldfaced, or placed inside quotations

Double-spaced

12 pt. readable font

1-inch margins

No extra spacing between heading and title

Indent first line of paragraphs one half-inch

Incorporating Sources: Major Works
The titles of all major works are
ITALICIZED
when used within your paper.

Examples of major works include:






Journals:
Books:

Plays:
Long poems:

Television shows:
Films:
Albums:

Web sites:

Journal of Applied Psychology
The Hunger Games
Romeo and Juliet

The Iliad
Glee
Mean Girls
Teenage Dream
Yahoo

Signal Phrases
A signal phrase distinguishes the author’s information from your own.

(Author’s name) + (action verb) =
SIGNAL PHRASE

MLA is written in present tense.

Include parenthetical citations
AFTER
each direct quote but
BEFORE
the punctuation.

Example:

It may be true, as Robertson maintains, that “in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance” (136).

Example:

Serrano and Coronado state, "Most manuscripts are not submitted electronically; therefore, all the elements of the manuscript must be in electronic format" (127).

Journal Articles:
Short stories:
Short poems:
Chapters of books:
Television Episodes:
Songs:

Works With Four or More Authors
For a source with four or more authors, provide the first author's last name followed by
et al.
or list all the last names.

Examples:
Legal experts believe the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones
et al.
4).

Jones
et al.
counter the argument by noting the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).

Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell note that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).

Works With Four or More Authors
For a source with four or more authors, provide the first author's last name followed by
et al.
or list all the last names.

Examples:
Legal experts believe the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones
et al.
4).

Jones
et al.
counter the argument by noting the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).

Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell note that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4).

Indirect Citations
Indirect Source: The information you are using quotes
ANOTHER
source (second-hand information).

Name the author of the original source in a signal phrase.
Begin the parenthetical citation with
qtd. in
followed by the author of your source and the page number.

Example:
According to William Zinsser, “Writing improves in direct ratio to the number of things we can keep out of it that should not be there” (qtd. in Cantu 1).

Long Quotes
MORE
than 40 words

Introduced by an informative sentence followed by a colon

Quote starts on a
NEW
line and stands as a freestanding block without quotations

The entire quote is indented 1-inch from the left margin.

Parenthetical citation goes
AFTER
punctuation.

Omitting Words from Direct Quotes
If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using
ELLIPSIS MARKS
, which are three periods (
. . .
) preceded and followed by a space.

Example:
Jan Harold Brunvand notes that “some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale
...
and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs” (78).


Works Cited Format
The words
Works Cited
are centered at the top of a new page and are
NOT
italicized, underlined, boldfaced, or placed inside quotations.

Each entry should be double-spaced and aligned to the left margin with each subsequent line indented (i.e.
hanging indent
).

List sources
ALPHABETICALLY
, beginning with the author’s name inverted (last name, first name).

If you have cited more than one work by a particular author, order the entries alphabetically by title, and use three hyphens and a period (
---.
) in place of the author's name for every entry after the first.

When a source has no author, alphabetize by
TITLE
, ignoring a, an, or the.

Work Cited: Book by One Author Format
Author’s Last name, First name.
Title of Book
. Place of Publication:
Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

*
Note that the title of the book goes in italics.
*
*
The medium of publication for all hard copy books is Print.
*

Example:
Gleick, James.
Chaos: Making a New Science
. New York: Penguin, 1987.
Print.

Work Cited: Journal Article Format
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of Article.”
Title of Journal
Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

*
Note that the title of the journal goes in italics.
*
*
The medium of publication for all scholarly journal articles is Print.
*

Example:
Duvall, John N. “The (Super) Marketplace of Images: Television as
Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise.”
Arizona Quarterly
50.3 (1994): 127- 153. Print.


Work Cited: Electronic Sources Format
Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). “Article Name.”
Name of Site
. Version number.
Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), Date of last update. Medium of publication. Date of access.

*
Use n.p. if no publisher name is available and n.d. if no publishing date is given.
*
*
The medium of publication for all electronic sources is Web.
*

Examples:
Bernstein, Mark. “10 Tips on Writing the Living Web.”
A List Apart: For People Who Make
Websites
. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009.

"How to Make Vegetarian Chili."
eHow
. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009.

Still Have Questions?
Come visit us at:

TAMIU Writing Center
Dr. Billy F. Cowart Hall
Room 203

Or you can reach us at:

956-326-2883 / 956-326-2884
or
writingcenter@tamiu.edu

Don’t forget to like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter:

www.facebook.com/txamiu.writing

www.twitter.com/tamiuwc


Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your
OWN
words and should still include the author’s last name and a page number.

Direct Quote:
"There is not a liberal America and a conservative America, only the United States of America" (Obama 714).

Paraphrased Example:
In America there are no sides towards liberalism or conservatism, only the unity of the states (Obama 714).





Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your
OWN
words and should still include the author’s last name and a page number.

Direct Quote:
"There is not a liberal America and a conservative America, only the United States of America" (Obama 714).

Paraphrased Example:
In America there are no sides towards liberalism or conservatism, only the unity of the states (Obama 714).




Full transcript