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Atherosclerosis

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on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of Atherosclerosis

Signs and symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment
A disease in which arteries become clogged and harden due to the formation of fibrofatty lesions in the intima lining of large and medium-sized arteries.


ATHEROSCLEROSIS
The exact cause of atherosclerosis is unknown, however, it may start when certain factors damage the inner layers of the arteries.

Smoking
Hypercholesterolemia
High blood Pressure
Diabetes
Genetics
Risk Factors
Atherosclerosis usually doesn't cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery.

Many don't know they have the disease until they suffer a myocardial infarction or a stroke.
physical exam
Blood test
ECG
Chest Xray
Doppler ultrasound
Ankle and brachial index
Echocardiography
CT scan
Stress test
Angiography
MRI
Diagnostic tests
Life style changes
healthy diet and exercise

Medications
Cholesterol, BP, Anticoagulants

Baloon angioplasty

Stent placement

bypass surgery
Angina
SOB
Pain in neck, jaw, shoulders
Pain arms or back
Indigestion
Arrhythmia
Fatigue

S/S of atherosclerosis when affecting the carotid arteries
Sudden weakness
Numbness
Paralysis
Trouble speaking
Trouble breathing
Confusion
Loss of consciousness
Dizziness
Sudden Severe headache

S/S of atherosclerosis affecting the peripheral arteries
Numbness
Pain
Infection
Complications of atherosclerosis
Nausea
Loss of appetite
Fatigue
Itching
Swelling of hands and feet
Numbness
trouble concentrating
Coronary heart disease
Aortic anuryms
Cerebralvascular disease
Peripheral arterial disease
Vic
Heart disease
Arrhythmia
stroke
Myocardial infarction
Kidney disease
Ischemia
Peripheral vascular disease
Death
Prognosis
Atherosclerosis can be delayed and reversed. Certain measures are necessary to prevent complications.

Exercise
Healthy diet
Medications
Stop smoking
References
S/S of atherosclerosis affecting the renal arteries
Quiz
Atherosclerosis


S/S of atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries
What does CT stand for?

What does ATHERO mean?
Who was it derived from?

What are the major groups of lipoproteins?


"Atlerheroscosis: Causes, Symptoms, Tests, and Treatment - WebMD." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.

Porth, Carol, Glenn Matfin, and Carol Porth. Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009. Print.

"What Is Atherosclerosis?" - NHLBI, NIH. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013
Full transcript