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Macbeth

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Misbah saiyed

on 8 November 2017

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Transcript of Macbeth

Literary Elements
Comic Relief: when the Porter gives a lecture about the effects of drinking while being drunk (also irony). This is comic relief as the story from then on just gets more twisted.
Simile: "Into the air, and what seemed corporal melted as breath into the wind." The witches banish when Macbeth questions them
Personification: "And make my seated heart knock at my ribs."
Symbolism: light and darkness, daggar and hands of Macbeth
Macbeth
Written by William Shakespeare in 1606 in the reign of James I
Macbeth is Shakespeare's shortest and bloodiest tragedy
Genre: Tragedy
Setting: Scotland, 1050
Language: English
William Shakespeare
Born April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom
Born to John Shakespeare, a glover and leather merchant, and Mary Arden
3rd out of 8 children
Said to have gone to a school in Stratford that his father taught at
At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway
In 1583 he had a daughter named Susanna
Few years later he had twins Hamnet and Judith
Hamnet was Shakespeare's only son and he died at the age of 11
Characters
Literary Elements
Irony
Verbal Irony: "He that is coming must be provided for" For King Duncan this is a welcome to the castle but for Macbeth and the lady, it is a plan for murder
Situational: Throughout the whole story, Macbeth and the Lady believe that they are going to achieve happiness and power if they kill Duncan but in reality they are tormented and hated.
Dramatic: Lady Macbeth is perceived as strong and Macbeth is seen as weak, however, the Lady drives herself insane and commits suicide while Macbeth didn't turn insane
Foreshadowing: In Act one, one of the witches states "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" which foreshadows the fact that those who may seem fair or noble are actually foul or corrupt like Macbeth. They also foreshadow Macbeth becoming King.
Macbeth

Macbeth
Brave and capable warrior
Scottish general and Thane of Glamis, then the Thane of Cawdor
Brave and powerful but not virtuous
Tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to be king
evil but weak
knows right from wrong but continues to do wrong
equipped with psychic consequences of crime
unlike Shakespeare's other heroes, he does not commit suicide
Act Summaries
Act I

King Duncan listens to a report about the battle where Macbeth is fighting. The captain tells Duncan about how Macbeth and Banquo just defeated two separate armies and describes Macbeth's courageous attacks. The Thanes of Ross and and Angus then tell the news that the Thane of Cawdor has sided with Norway. Duncan then gives the title of "Thane of Cawdor" to Macbeth.

As Macbeth and Banquo are returning home, they meet three witches, or the Weird Sisters, and receive the prophecy that one day Macbeth will become the King of Scotland. As he begins to question them, they disappear in thin air.

Lady Macbeth receives a letter from Macbeth informing her of the Witches' prophecy and she decides to make this come true quicker by plotting King Duncan's murder when he plans to visit their castle.

Lady Macbeth taunts Macbeth by telling him that he will only be a man if he kills King Duncan. She then tells Macbeth her plan for the murder which Macbeth accepts. Their plan is to kill the King while his drunken body guards sleep, then blame the murder on the body guards.
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Lady Macbeth
One of Shakespeare's famous and frightening female characters
Helps to plot Duncan's murder
Stronger, ambitious, and more ruthless than her husband
At one point she wanted to commit the murder herself
Aware of her strengths and uses them to manipulate her husband
Has a "masculine soul" which signifies her ambition and violence
She begins to feel guilt and a sense of madness greater than her husband which eventually leads her to commit suicide
The Three Witches
The " Three Weird Sisters"
make the prophecy that Macbeth will become King
Have supernatural powers
represent the struggle between the supernatural and natural world that's in Macbeth's heart
confirm the downfall and tragic destiny of Macbeth
Banquo
Captain and companion of Macbeth
Receives the prophecy that his children will succeed to the throne of Scotland one day
Macbeth kills Banquo
Banquo's ghost haunts Macbeth
Duncan
King of Scotland
Murdered by Macbeth
virtuous ruler
His death symbolizes the destruction of an order in Scotland
Macduff
A thane of Scotland
Discovered the murder of King Duncan
leader of the crusade with the mission to make Malcolm King and take down Macbeth
Wants revenge for Macbeth's murder of his wife and son
Malcolm
Son of King Duncan
weak and uncertain of his own power
His restoration to the throne signified Scotland's return to order
William Shakespeare
Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career as a actor, writer, and part-owner of Lord Chamberlain's Men in London
Lord Chamberlain's Men was a play company
Robert Greene held a grudge against him in his early writing days.
Wrote plays for 20 years
Retired at the age of 49 in 1613
At the age of 52, he died on April 23, 1616
Shakespeare's cause of death and private life is a mystery.
Literary Elements
Rhyme: When the witch talks about how well they have done.
Allusion: "Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds, or memorize another Golgotha." When Macbeth is in battle he has a lot of wounds and compare that day to Golgotha, where Jesus suffered.
Tragic Flaw: Macbeth and Lady Macbeth cause their own tragedies.
Themes
The destruction of power through unchecked ambition
Fate and free will
Appearance vs. reality
Corruption of the mind through guilt
Macbeth hallucinates and sees floating daggar leading him to Duncan's chamber. While Duncan is asleep, Macbeth kills him by stabbing him. Macbeth keeps hearing voices that haunt him telling him he shall sleep no more. Macduff goes to wake up Duncan and announces that he is dead. Macbeth also kills the two chamberlains because of their crime and assumes kingship. Duncan's sons Malcolm and Donalbain flee to England fearing that their lives are in danger.
Fearful of the Witches' prophecy that one day Banquo's son will seize the crown, Macbeth hires a group of men to kill Banquo and his son Fleance. They fail to kill Fleance but murder Banquo. Macbeth becomes furious and is insecure about his powers because Fleance is still alive. At the feast that night, Banquo's ghosts haunts Macbeth frightening him. Macbeth's kingship incites resistance from his nobles and subjects and even his wife tries to help with the damage being done. Macbeth then decides to visit the witches in the tavern.
The witches show Macbeth three apparitions. The first one being that he must be aware of Macduff who opposes Macbeth being King. The second apparition they tell him no man born of woman can harm him, and lastly, he is safe until the forest comes. Macduff flees to England, and in return Macbeth murders Macduff's wife and children.
Lady Macbeth starts going insane and suffers from sleepwalking, and eventually commits suicide. A English army led by Malcolm and Macduff start to approach Macbeth. Taking the prophecies in good faith, Macbeth is secured from the approaching army. The army's men cut a tree branch from the Birnam's Wood and hold it up as a disguise. Macbeth's servants report to him that Birnam Wood seems to be approaching the castle. Macduff reveals to Macbeth that was not "of woman born" but was "untimely ripped" from his mother's womb. Macbeth refuses to yield to Macduff. Macduff kills Macbeth and Malcolm becomes the new King of Scotland.
Discussion Questions
To what extent is Lady Macbeth responsible for Macbeth becoming King?

How significant is the role of females in this play and why?
Elizabeth A., Hai N., Misbah S.
Full transcript