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Oskar Shindler

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silvia romo

on 25 February 2014

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Transcript of Oskar Shindler

Oskar Schindler

Oskar Shindler was born on April 28, 1908 in Svitavy, Moravia.
He grew up in a wealthy family and never had to worry about money.
He was born into a catholic family but shortly inhabited the world of sin.

He married Emilie Schindler at the age of 19, but was never without a mistress or two.
He was a drinker and had the soul of a gambler.
Schindler being one not to miss a chance to make money, joined the Nazi party in February 1939.
He soon made friends with the local Gestapo and soften them up with women, money, and booze.
He's new found connections helped him obtain a factory which he ran with the cheapest labor around: Jews.
Schindler at first seemed like every other German Industrialist, driven by money.
He didn't appear like a candidate to become a wartime rescuer. But somewhere along the line, something changed.
In December 1939, Schindler was moved by the cruelties he witnessed, he moved from the darkness of Nazism to the light of heroism.
During World War II, Schindler rescued more than 1,000 Jews from deportations to Auschwitz, Nazi Germany's largest concentration camp.

During an interview in 1964, Schindler was asked why he intervened on behalf of the Jews, he replied:
"The persecution of Jews in the General Government in Polish territory gradually worsened in its cruelty. In 1939 and 1940 they were forced to wear the Star of David and were herded together and confined in ghettos. In 1941 and 1942 this unadulterated sadism was fully revealed. And then a thinking man, who had overcome his inner cowardice, simply had to help. There was no other choice."
Silvia Romo
U.S History
5th period
Shindler's list
Schindler's story gathered a lot more attention after Steven Spielberg's movie "Shindler's list" based on the book by Thomas Keneally.

The list came to be known as "Schindler's list, it was typed by the Jew: Mietek Pempe.
- movie and book: Schindler's list
- http://www.ushmm.org/learn
- http://www.oskarschindler.com/

When war ended, Schindler moved to Argentina with his wife and some of his workers and bought a farm. In 1958 he abandoned his wife, mistress, and land to return to Germany.
He died in Germany, penniless on October 1974
To more than 1,000 jews, Oskar Schindler was all that stood between them and death. A man full of flaws, the most improbable role model who started by making millions as a war profiteer and ended up loosing it all even risked his life to save his jews.
"If you saw a dog going to be crushed under a car, wouldn't you help him"
In 1994's autumn, Germany's hold on Poland had weakened. As the Russian army approached, the Nazi's desperately tried to finish their mission of liquidation and ordered all remaining Jews to be killed.
But Schindler remained loyal to the "schindlerjuden" the workers he referred to as "my children"
Not long after acquiring his factory "Emalia" Schindler started hiring Jews from concentration camps.
After witnessing the cruelties Jews faced at a forced labor camp run by the sadistic SS commandment Amon Leopold, he decided to transfer his Jews to barracks at his factory.
Schindler did not act without risk, his protection of his Jews led SS and police authorities to suspect of him for illegally helping Jews. He was arrested three times, but was never able to be charged.
In October 1944, through negotiations and bribes, Schindler obtain authorization to relocate his factory to Brunnlitz, Moravia, and reopen it. His assistant wrote several versions of a list with up to 1,200 jewish prisoners who needed to work in the new factory.
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