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Cardiomyopothy

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by

Rachel Hinch

on 5 October 2012

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Transcript of Cardiomyopothy

By Rachel Hinch Cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy is when the heart muslce is enlarged. This disease primarily affects the cardiovasicular system. What is it? Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Restrictive cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy Dilated Cardiomyopathy - Most common, can affect all people but mostly middle-aged men
Hypertrophic Cariomyopathy - Can develop at any age but are more severe when apparent in children, also genetic mutations are linked to this type
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy - Can appear at any age but mostly in older people
About 50,000 or approximately 1 in 5,439 Americans are affected by cardiomyopathy Demographics Common types of cardiomyopathy include: Signs and Symptoms Breathlessness
Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
Bloating of the abdomen
Fatigue
Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting Some people may not have symptoms in early stages of development Tests Diagnosis Chest X-ray and MRI - to show if the heart is enlarged.
Echocardiogram - An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce images of the heart and checks heart valves to find the cause.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) - An ECG can show disturbances in the electrical activity of your heart, which can detect abnormal heart rhythms and areas of injury through electrode patches.
Blood tests - One blood test can measure B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a protein produced in your heart. Your blood level of BNP rises when your heart is subjected to the stress of heart failure. Cardiomyopathy is not contagious. Scientists are not sure how it is caused. How Is It Transmitted? Treatments depend on what type of cardiomyopathy you have Treatment Hypertrophic:
Beta blockers may be recommended to slow down pumping and stabilize rhythm
Septal Mycetomy is an open heart surgery to remove the thick and overgrown heart muscle wall
Pacemaker sends electric impulses to regulate and monitor heart beat Restrictive:
Control salt and water intake and monitor weight daily
Medication such as diuretics and blood pressure may be prescribed
Heart transplant will be necessary if severe There is no direct way to prevent cardiomyopathy but tell your doctor if you have a family history of heart disease. Reducing risk of heart disease you should avoid things that will weaken the heart, such as alcohol or drug abuse, lack of vitamins and minerals, and controlling blood pressure with diet and exercise can help prevent future complications. Prevention Heart disease is a chronic illness that may worsen with time, but medication and treatment will help symptoms. The outlook for cardiomyopathy also depends on the individual and the type as well as severity of cardiomyopathy. Prognosis Dilated:
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to help improve the heart's pumping capability
Diuretics to keep fluids from collecting and helps to increase breathing
Digoxin increases strength in heart muscle contractions
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