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Gambling Addiction - Health Psychology

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on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of Gambling Addiction - Health Psychology

Gambling as a Health Condition
Gambling addiction affects an individual- financianlly, emotionally, socially and mentally

Australian Society is strongly influenced by gambling - ANZAC DAY, MELBOURNE CUP

In 2009/10, 600 000 Australians played the pokies once a week.

In the last 12 months, between 69-75% of adult Australian's gambled.
Gambling Contiuumn
Pathological Gambling
Risk Factors
Necessary Requirments for Psychologists
115 000 Australian's are deemed problem gamblers.
4-6% of problem gamblers develop into pathological gambling.

Common factors in pathological gamblers;
- Depression, mood disorders and suicide attempts, felony
convictions, spouse and child abuse, unemployment,
substance abuse.
- Narcissitic Personality, personality disorders,
impulse control problems.

Although the specific causes of pathological
gambling are unknown, they are
widely debated, and some
agreement has been made.

Now lets all gamble...
False expectations
Recent stressor in life
Financial problems
Parents with gambling problems
Tie their self-esteem to winning
Standard Criteria for Psychologists;
1. Undergraduate Degree
2. Masters or equivalent provisional registrations, in Clinical Psychology.
3. Registration by the Psychology Board of Australia.


In NSW, the NSW Office for Liquor, Gaming and Racing demands further qualifications for any Psychologist working within the Gaming Industry. Conducted through Non-Government Organizations and funded by the Responsible Gaming Funds - completion of the 3 gaming competencies is essential requirement.
Gambling Addiction
Gambling as a Health Condition
What is Gambling?
involving risking something of value on an uncertain event in hopes of winning something of greater value

Forms of Gambling:
-Lottery, scratiches
-EMG ('Pokies')
-Online gaming/wagering
-Table games
-Sports betting
-many, many more...
to develop a gambling addiction
The house always wins...
Aetiology
A combination of factors
We use the biopsychosocial model when looking at aetiology of problem gambling
Into the field of Psychology...
How to work with Pathological Gamblers:
Complete Undergraduate Degree
Masters / Become Registered Psychologist
Further Requirements
NSW: 3 compentencies through NSW Liquor, Gaming & Racing
Role of Psychologists
There are many roles when dealing with a problem gambler...
Guideline for Screening, Assessment and Treatment in Problem Gambling
Diagnostic Interview for Gambling Severity (DIGS)
Structured Clinical Interview for Pathological Gambling (SCIP)
Diagnostics and Statistics Manual for Mental Health (DSM)

Treatments
Research and Treatment
Interview with Psychologist
Treatment Clinics
Gambling Treatment Clinic at The University of Sydney - CBT
The Salvation Army's Bridge Program - CBT
Wesley Counselling Support Services - Minimal, self help
Gamblers Anonnymous - abstinence based
Cost to the Community
Estimates social cost of gambling is $4.7 billion a year
This includes:


1. What is the most popular game
in online casinos and regular casinos?

a. Roulette

b. Poker

c. Blackjack

Question 2
Which game was invented by the Chinese and raised a large portion of the funds that paid for the Great Wall of China to be built?
a. Keno

b. Bingo

c. Baccarat

Question 3
In 1899, why was the first slot machine constructed by Charles Fey?

YOU BET: QUICK QUIZ
b. He wanted something for his customers to do while waiting for their car to be repaired
YOU BET: QUICK QUIZ
c. His mother wanted a new game to play at the club on Sunday instead of Bingo
a. His daughter wanted a scrolling chance machine for her birthday party
Question 1
YOU BET: QUICK QUIZ
Aetiology of Problem Gambling
Rieger, E. (2012). Abnormal psychology: Leading researcher perspectives
(p. 293). New South Wales, AUS: McGraw-Hill.
& What They Offer
THE PUBLIC HEALTH MODEL
Improvements to the system
Access
Education
Online chatroom
University of Sydney
Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy
(CBT)
Motivational Itervieweing
(MI)
Group Therapy
Practitioner Psychological Interventions
Treatment Options
Suicide
Depression
Job losses
Relationship breakdown
Bankruptcy
Crime
Ladouceur, R., Lachance, S., & Fournier, P. M. (2009). Is control a viable goal in the treatment of pathological gambling?. Behaviour research and therapy, 47(3), 189-197. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.11.004

Ladouceur, R., & Walker, M. (1996). A cognitive perspective on gambling. In: Salkovskis, P.M. (ed.), Trends in cognitive-behavioural therapies (pp. 89-120). New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Nauert, R. (2013). Risk factors for gambling addiction tied to age. Psych Central.Retrieved from http://psychcentral.com/news/2013/04/09/risk-factors-for-gambling-addiction-tied-to-age/53598.html

Petry, N.M. (2005). Pathological gambling: Etiology, comorbidity and treatment. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Petry, N. M., Ammerman, Y., Bohl, J., Doersch, A., Gay, H., et al. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for pathological gamblers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(3), 555-567. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uws.edu.au/ehost/detail?sid=7949ef3b-2ca7-42ee-bbfe-7581f8626633%40sessionmgr4004&vid=1&hid=4207&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=pdh&AN=2006-08433-015

Ravindran, A.V., Telner, J., Bhatla, R., Cameron, C., Horn, E., et al. (2006). Pathological gambling: Treatment correlates. European Neuropsychpharmacology, 16(4), 20. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uws.edu.au/ehost/detail?sid=5b6eae2f-3091-4349-91e1-4822ecb08d9f%40sessionmgr4003&vid=1&hid=4209&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=pbh&AN=33334354

Rieger, E. (2012). Abnormal psychology: Leading researcher perspectives (p. 293). New South Wales, AUS: McGraw-Hill.

Rickwood, D., Blaszczynski, A., Delfabbro, P., Dowling, N., & Heading, K. (2010). The psychology of gambling. APS Review. 31-64. Retrieved from https://www.psychology.org.au/Assets/Files/APS-Gambling-Paper-2010.pdf

Stewart, R. M., & Brown, R. I. (1988). An outcome study of Gamblers Anonymous. British Journal of Psychiatry, 152(1), 284-288. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.11.782

Toneatto, T., Blitz-Miller, T., Calderwood, K., Dragonetti, R., & Tsanos, A. (1997). Cognitive distortions in heavy gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 13(2), 253-266. doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.1997.00015.x

Unwin, B. K. (2010). Gambling. Australian Government's Productivity Commission. Retrieved from http://www.pc.gov.au/projects/inquiry/gambling-2009

Walker, M.B. (1992). The psychology of gambling. Oxford: Pergamon.


References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC.

Anderson, G., & Brown, R.I.F. (1984). Real and laboratory gambling: Sensation-seeking and arousal. British Journal of Psychology, 75, 401-410. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uws.edu.au/ehost/results?sid=06c96584-c609-4474-a328-b9f452863d97%40sessionmgr198&vid=1&hid=119&bquery=(SO+(British+journal+of+psychology))AND(DT+1984)AND(TI+real+and+laborator+gambling)&bdata=JmRiPWE5aCZ0eXBlPTEmc2l0ZT1laG9zdC1saX ZlJnNjb3BlP XNpdGU%3d

Blaszczynski, A., & Nower, L. (2002). A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction, 97(5), 487-499. doi: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00015.x

Blum, K., Sheridan, P. J., Wood, R. C., Braverman, E. R., Chen, T. J., Cull, J. G., & Comings, D. E. (1996). The D2 dopamine receptor gene as a determinant of reward deficiency syndrome. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 89(7), 396–400. Retrieved from http://jrs.sagepub.com.ezproxy.uws.edu.au/

Davis, M. K., & DeLeeuw, J. B. (2000). Pathological gambling. American Family Physician, 61(3), 741-748. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10695586

Delfabbro, P. (2008). Gambling research Australia, A review of Australian Gambling Research, 6. Retrieved from http://www.problemgambling.gov.au/facts/

Dickerson, M.G. (1979). FI schedules and persistence at gambling in the U.K. betting office. Journal of Applied Behaviour Analysis, 12(3), 315-323. doi: 10.1901/jaba.1979.12-315

Dowling, N., Smith, D., & Thomas, T. (2007). A comparison of individual and group cognitive-behavioural treatment for female pathological gambling. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45(9), 2192-2202. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2006.11.003

Hardoon, K. K., Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (2004). Psychosocial variables associated with adolescent gambling. Psychology of addictive behaviors, 18(2), 170. doi: 10.1037/0893-164X.18.2.170

Hodgins, D. C., Currie, S. R., & el-Guebaly, N. (2001). Motivational enhancement and self-help treatments for problem gambling. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 50-57. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.69.1.50

Jacobs, D. F. (1986). A general theory of addictions: A new theoretical model. Journal of Gambling Behavior, 2(1), 15-31. doi: 10.1007/BF01019931

Korn, D. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (1999). Gambling and the health of the public: Adopting a public health perspective. Journal of gambling studies, 15(4), 289-365. doi: 10.1023/A:1023005115932

Lauren Hancock
Ashleigh Hazer
Jackie Higgs
The End

Responsible Gambling Awareness week
May 26 - June 1
Full transcript