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Timeline of the Tuskegee Airmen

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Jose Herrera

on 5 May 2014

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Transcript of Timeline of the Tuskegee Airmen

June 27, 1939
"Congress passed the Civilian Pilot Training Act."
"The 99th Pursuit Squadron was constituted, and activated at Chanute Field, Illinois, under the command of Captain Harold R. Maddux, a white officer, but composed of African-American enlisted men."
"Ms. Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, visited Kennedy Field in the Tuskegee area and was taken up in an aircraft piloted by Chief C. Alfred Anderson, Tuskegee Institute’s chief instructor pilot."
April 15, 1943
"The 99th Fighter Squadron sailed aboard the steamship Mariposa from New York harbor, bound eastward across the Atlantic Ocean for Africa."
March 19, 1941
Image by Tom Mooring
March 1941
Timeline of the Tuskegee Airmen
March 7, 1942
"The first class of African-American pilots at Tuskegee Army Air Field completed advanced pilot training. There were only five who completed the training: Capt. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr and 2d Lieutenants Mac Ross; Lemuel R. Custis; Charles H. DeBow, Jr.; and George S. Roberts. Davis was assigned to the base, and the other four became the first African-American flying officers in the 99th Pursuit Squadron."
August 24, 1942
"Lt. Col. Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. became commander of the 99th Fighter Squadron, replacing Lieutenant George S. Roberts in that position."
January 16, 1941
"The War Department announced plans to create a “Negro pursuit squadron” whose pilots would be trained at Tuskegee, Alabama."

"Charles B. Hail is the first Tuskegee Airmen to shoot down enemy aircraft."
July 2, 1943
"Major George S. Roberts replaced Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin O. Davis as commander of the 99th Fighter Squadron as Davis began a return trip to the United States, where he would assume command of the 332d Fighter Group."
September 2, 1943
"The 99th is attached to the 79th Fighter Group of the 12th Air Force."
October 7, 1943
January 1944
"Benjamin O. Davis Jr. and the 332nd arrive in Italy and attach to the 12th Air Force."

June 25, 1944
"Pilots of the 302nd Fighter Squadron sink a German destroyer with their machine guns off their P-47s."

August 1944
"The 332nd participates in the invasion in southern France by escorting bombers and attack missions on the ground in Romania and Czechoslovakia."
"The men of the 477th Bombardment Group was moved from Godman Field, Kentucky to Freeman Field, Indiana."
"Freedman Mutiny was when 36 black officers from the unit attempted to enter the officers’ club assigned to white “base and supervisory” personnel, since they believed they were “base personnel”. The assistant base provost marshal, who attempted to block the entrance of the black officers, was pushed."
July 1, 1949
"The 332d Fighter Group and its three fighter squadrons, the 99th, 100th, and 301st, were inactivated. Members of those organizations were reassigned to other organizations that became racially integrated."
April 5, 1945
April 5, 1945
March 29, 2007
July 26, 1948
"President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order 9981, which stated “It is herby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the Armed Services without regard to race…” The same order called for the creation within the national Military Establishment of “an advisory committee to be known as the President’s Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services…” which he authorized to examine the “rules, procedures, and practices of the Armed Services…to determine in what respect such rules, procedures, and practices may be altered or improved with a view to carrying out the policy of this order.” While the order did not specifically mention the words “integration” or “desegregation,” that is what resulted."
"The Tuskegee Airmen were collectively awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in recognition of their service and sacrifice to the United States during World War II. The official ceremony was held on March 29, 2007 in Washington D.C."
All the content in this presentation is from interviews to DOTA Colonel, Leo Gray, Bob Hughes, and the Tuskegee Institute website.
Full transcript