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TOK Presentation

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by

Haylee Hammond

on 15 March 2015

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Transcript of TOK Presentation

Decision-Making
Haylee Hammond
Questions and Thoughts Concerning RLS
What could potential donors stand to gain?
What could these same potential donors stand to lose?
Where do these procedures take place?
How frequently does this occur?
Knowledge Issue
To what extent do human decisions depend on emotion, reason, or personal experience?
Development Two
AOK: Ethics
WOK: Reason
Claim: Reason drives decisions.

Support: The Incremental Theory

Counterclaim: Reason does not necessarily drive decisions.

Support: The Somatic Marker Hypothesis
Development Three
AOK: Ethics
WOK: Memory
Claim: Personal experience plays a large role in the decision-making process.

Support: Cognitive Development Theory

Counterclaim: Personal experience plays a minimal role in decision making, and is out-weighted other factors.

Support: Prospect Theory
Development One
AOK: Ethics
WOK: Emotion
Claim: Emotions drive decisions.

Support: The Somatic Marker Hypothesis

Counterclaim: Emotions do not necessarily drive decisions.

Support: The Appraisal Theory
TOK Presentation
AOKs
WOKs
Mini-Conclusion: Emotions have the ability to weigh heavily on decisions, but emotions are unique to every individual and people respond to different stimuli with different emotional reactions. It is also possible that a person’s emotional response is so minimal that it does not have an overwhelming impact on their decision-making.
Mini-Conclusion: Reason impacts the decision-making process but seems to be used more heavily in certain situations that are less affected by other factors, such as emotion. Reason may be applied differently in similar situations and by various individuals.
Mini-Conclusion: Personal experience has the potential to affect decision-making, but the experiences people have are obviously very individualistic, and therefore will impact the decision-making process uniquely for each person.
Conclusion
Possible Conclusion Flaw
Application to RLS
What limits our knowledge about this RLS?
Development 1
Development 2
Development 3
Ethics
Ethics
Ethics
Emotion
Reason
Memory
All three factors, emotion, reason, and personal experience, have the potential to affect the decision-making process.
The extent to which each of these factors affect decision-making depends on the situation in which the individual making the decision is placed, and whether or not the situation evokes an emotional response, is reminiscent of a prior experience, or involves potential gains and losses.
Emotion, reason, and personal experience, will all be weighed differently by different individuals, therefore affecting each person's decision-making in unique ways.
Most decisions incorporate more than one of the three factors discussed, and usually involve differing degrees of these, and other factors, at once.
The RLS demonstrates how different people justify actions and make decisions based on different criteria of reasoning, and the potential gains and losses involved in the situation.
The RLS also implies that the recipients of the illegally harvested organs are driven by emotion, most likely the fear of losing their lives.
Other Relevant Situations
Assisted Suicide
Territorial Quarantine of Ebola-infested areas
What can we know about this RLS?
Full transcript