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Serfdom and Slavery
Transcript of Serfdom and Slavery
Serfdom- a system where a laborer is bound to the land upon which he works. what's the difference between slavery and serfdom? Serfs could not be sold apart from the lannd they were bound to.
Serfs were not owned by anyone.
The land is owned, and the serfs live upon that land.
Generally, serfdom was a system in which a serf agreed to work on a land and abide by the landlord's rules if he could live there and recieve protection.
Serfs, despite having an extremely limited amount, did have a little liberty. Serfdom Both being coercive labor systems, slavery and serfdom were very different, despite having some similarities. slavery A slave was personal property.
They could be dealt/ traded/ treated in any which way the owner chose.
Slaves were bound to their owners, rather than the land.
Slaves were treated as items, they held no personal rights or interests whatsoever. Those were the differences. What about the similarities? Similarities between Slavery & serfdom Like slavery, serfdom was heriditary. Those who bond themselves to serfdom bond their families and future sons and daughters into perpetuity.
Both slaves and serfs were bound for life to their masters/ land.
They were both heavily oppressed.
They both participated in uprisings and wars.
They were both abolished later on.
The nature of both reforms were Capitalist.
(Serf and Slave labor from 1750- 1914) A brief history of Slavery The Spanish and Portuguese exploration era that spanned from 1400 to the year 1600 led to their arrival in Latin America. Once the Spaniards arrived, they utilized coercive labor systems used by Native American predecessors. Eventually this lead to African slave labor. Europeans sought economic gain and social mobility, and this was a perfect means of doing so. Latin America became a very influential part of the world economy as a dependent region. Thus, the use of labor systems in Latin America from the 1750-1914 was a process with tremendous impact on the people and on the world in general. Here's a brief history of this subject Hello there everyone, I hope your're having a wonderful day, because now, it's time for our presentation. Today, we will speak about the rather mesmerizing subject of "Slavery and serfdom from 1750- 1914". What we have to speak about today, will both intrigue you and bore you, so please bear with us. Enjoy. adf Main PLayers Serf and slave labor is very recurrent throughout history, and it has touched many regions of the world. Let’s dive into slavery as it was between 1700 and 1914. Portugal -Portugal had a monopoly on the export of slaves from Africa. Portugal held numerous colonies in Africa, some of which included: Congo, Mombasa, and many others. Africa- Africa was the “main supplier” of sorts for slaves. They had a large handful of very strong bodied humans, that other countries/ regions believed they could utilize for their own good. Africa was continuously invaded by external forces, and the entire continent eventually succumbed to slavery. The Africans were constantly captured and shipped to various parts of the world so they could be used as slaves.
Britian- Throughout the first half of 18th century, France and England battled for control of the Guinea Coast. In many parts of Africa, the British battled with the Dutch for control. British dominance in the slave trade began a new period of change in the European/African relationship.
1787- African nation, Sierra Leone, is founded for emancipated slaves
1793- Invention of cotton gin causes cotton to become main slave crop in United States
1804- Haiti declares its independence from French and abolishes slavery
1807- Serfdom is abolished in Prussia
1808- After Jan. 1, the import and export of slaves in the United States is prohibited
1815- Eight members of the Congress of Vienna declare opposition to slavery
1824- Federal Republic of Central America abolishes slavery
1829- Mexico abolishes slavery
1833- Slavery in India is abolished
1850- New law, Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, requires that all escaped slaves in the United States are returned to their rightful owners
1860- Election of Abraham Lincoln, liberator of slaves in United States
1861- American Civil War between Northern and Southern United States over freeing of slaves
1863- Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln promising freedom of all slaves in United States
1865- The Thirteenth Amendment is created and passed, ending slavery in the United States officially
1906- China officially abolishes slavery
1907- Russia ends serfdom throughout whole empire A brief history of serfdom Serfdom was the basic system of peasants bonded under feudalism, and more specifically Manorialism. It was very similar to slavery, and at times, even worse. It is a state where one is bonded to their land. Serfdom was the forced labor or peasants upon the land on which they lived. In ancient times, there have been many institutions that were very similar to serfdom, the helots in Greece. The actual date of origin for serfdom was 332 AD, Constantine, the emperor of Constantinople issued laws that curtailed the rights of the people and tied them to the land. Poland- Serfdom came to Poland as a result of nobles and rulers between 1400 and 1650. People were treated worse than cattle are today. They were beaten both at work and at home for the merest blunder. Every farmer had the obligation to complete their duties upon the land on which they resided. Poland was very harsh when serfdom was at hand. Russia- In general, serfdom arrived to Russia quite late. In 1723, Peter the Great ended slavery and enacted serfdom. Normal people were able to own serfs. In 1804, 52% of Russian factory workers were serfs,46% in 1825. Serfs without land rose from 4.14% in 1835 to 6.79% in 1858. They received no land in the proclaimed emancipation. Basically, serfdom was very prominent in Russia. Map of Areas of Influence- Today Slavery in the 21st Century Russia
Population- 139,390,205 (July 2010 est.)
GDP exchange rate -$1.477 trillion (2010 est.)
Capital city - MOSCOW
Head of State- Mikhail Gorbachev
Type of Government -federation
Description of Economy- command economy
Population - 310,232,863 (July 2010 est.)
GDP exchange rate- $ 14.62 trillion (2010 est.)
Capital city- Washington, DC
Head of State- Barack Obama
Type of Government- Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition
Description of Economy- mixed market Maps of areas of influence (1700- 1914) As it is obvious, Africa, South America, Europe, North America, and various places aound the world were heavily by slavery As we can also see, serfdom was very prominent in Northeastern Europe/ Northeastern Asia. Primarily, it was centered in Russia, Norway and Poland Serfdom in the 21st century
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"Slavery in the United States." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 27 Feb. 2011. Documentation Roles and Responsibilities This project was rather and arduous process. We all chipped in and tried to make this presentation happen.
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