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Digestive System Flowchart

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by

Hunter Creswell

on 29 October 2014

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Transcript of Digestive System Flowchart

Over view
Entering the mouth
Travels down to the Pharynx
Next, to the
Esophagus
Small intestine
The End
Digestive System Flowchart
Hunter Creswell
Anus
Solid Food
Solid food
• When you swallow, the food pieces slide down your pharynx, also known as the throat
Solid Food
You then have a fork in the road
GI pathway (esophagus)
the respiratory (trachea)
So the pieces of food will normally slide into the esophagus through the upper
esophageal sphincter
, a ring-shaped muscle that opens only when food is swallowed.
Involuntary muscle contraction or peristalses push the food towards the stomach
Lower esophageal sphincter (at the end of the esophagus) lets the food into the stomach
opens quickly then closes quickly to keep food from returning to the esophagus

Solid food
Is were the food is prepared for the small intestine
Glands in the stomach secrete acid, enzymes and a mucous that cost and protects the stomach from its own acids and prevents ulcers
The stomach's smooth mucles contract about every 20 seconds, stirring up the acid and enzymes and turning your food into a liquefied blob (chyme)
Some food is reduced to past solid form

Solid food
Duodenum:
the breakdown process continues with enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver
Peristalsis helps mix up these juices
Coiled Jejunum and Ileum
absorb nutrient
Ileum leads to the Large intestine

When you see food and you are hungry your salivary glands are trigger
At this point your mouth is producing saliva called
amylase
your teeth mechanically breaks down food and your saliva also aid to break down food
your conscious mind tells your body to swallow the food
Bruxism:
involuntary grinding of the teeth that usually occurs during sleep
bulimia:
eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by self-induced vomiting and misuse of laxatives
Dental caries:
tooth decay
Dysphagia:
difficulty swallowing
Gingivitis:
inflammation of the guns
Sialoadenitis
: inflammation of a slivary gland
Sialoangitis:
inflammation of a salivary duct
Sialorrhea:
excessive production of saliva
Sialostenosis:
narrowing of a salivary duct
Stomatitis
: inflammation of the mouth

Common Disorders
Common Disorders
Gastroesophageal reflex disease
: upward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus

Eructation:
act of belching or burping gas up from the stomach
Gastritis:
inflammation of the stomach
gastrocele:
hernia of the stomach
gastroduodenitis:
inflammation of the stomach and duodenum
gastroenteritis:
inflammation of the stomach and intestine
Common Disorders
The
food
enters the
mouth
Continues to the
Pharynx.
Then, onto the
Esophagus
Then, the

Stomach
Into the
Small Intestine
Duodenum
jejunum
Ileum
Next the

Large Intestine
Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon
Sigmoid colon
Rectum

Finally the food exits through the

Anus

BE barium enema
BM Bowel movement
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
GB Gallbladder
GBS Gallbladder X-rays series
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HCI hydrocloric acid
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LES lower esophageal sphincter
NGT Nasogastric tube
NPO nothing by mouth
PO per os or by mouth
TPN total parenteral nutrition
UGI upper gastrointestinal



Abbreviation
Stomach
Solid food
First is a pouch called the cecum
The cecum is home to the appendix, the small fingerlike pouch that can become inflamed and extremely painful in some people
Next comes the colon
three sections
ascending salts and fluid re absorbed from indigestible food
transverse salts and fluid re absorbed from indigestible food
descending
Billions of bacteria that normally live in the colon help to ferment and absorb substances like fiber
produce mucus that helps feces move easily through the descending colon
third part is the rectum
your feces wait to be excreted through the anus in your next bowel movement.

Large Intestine
Common Disorder
Colitis
inflammation of the colon

Where your Food exits the body
Solid food
Accessory Organs disorders
Salivary glands
Parotiditis:
inflammation of the parotid salivary gland
sialoadenitis:
inflammation of a salivary gland
sialoangiitis:
inflammation of a salivary duct
sialorrhea:
exessive production of saliva
Sialostenosis:
narrowing of a salivary duct
stomatitis:
inflammation of the mouth
Pancreas
Pancreatitis:
inflammation the pancreas
Pancreatopathy:
any disease of the pancreas
Gallbladder

Cholangiolitis:
inflammation of the bile ducts

Cholecystitis:
inflammation of gallbladder

Cholecystopathy:
any disease of the gallbladder

Choledocholithiasis:
inflammation of the bile duct caused by gall stones

Cholelithiasis:
formation or presence of stones in the gallbladder or common bile duct

Liver

Cirrhosis:
chronic disease of the liver

Enterohepatitis:
inflammation of the intestine and liver

Hepatitis:
inflammation of the liver

Hepatitis:
originating in the liver

Hepatomegaly:
enlarged liver

Common Disorders
Duodenitis:
inflammation of the duodenum
Jejunitis:
inflammation of the jejunitis

practice and practitioners
Anastomosis:
creation of an opening between two hollow organs
cholecystectomy:
excision of the gallbladder
Cholecystotomy:
incision into the gallbladder
colectomy
: excision of all part of the colon
colopexy
: fixation of the colon
colostomy:
surgical establishment of tan opening into the colon
colotomy:
incision into the colon
duodenectomy:
excision of the duodenum
duodenostomy:
surgical establishment of an opening in the duodenum
gastrectomy:
excision of part of the stomach
hepatopexy:
fixation of the liver
Jejunectomy:
excision of all or part of the jejunum
jejunoplasty: surgical repair of the jejunum
jejunotomy: incision into the jejunum
paatotomy: incision into the pancreas
sialoadenectomy: excision of a salivary gland
sialoadenotomy: incision of a salivar gland


Surgical Procedures
Diagnosis and treatment
Gastroenterologist:
treats and diagnosis digestive system disorders
gastroenterology:
concerned with digestive system
interal medicine
internist:
special in internal medicine
proctologist:
treats rectum and anal disorders
protology:
study of rectum and anus
Antacids:
medications used to neutralize acid production
Antidiarrheal:
relieve diarrhea
Antiemetic:
relieve vomiting
Antiflatulence
: relieve gas or flatus
colonoscope
: device used in colonoscopy
colonoscopy:
visual examination of the colon with a colonoscope
duodenoscopy:
visual examination of the deodenum with the aid an endoscope
Emetic:
stimulates or induce vomiting
Enteroscope
: lite visually examining the intestines
enteroscopy:
visually examining the intestines
gastroscope:
lite visually examining of the stomach
gastroscopy:
visual examination of the stomach
H2 blocker or H2-receptor antagonists
hepatoscopy:
visual examination of the liver
sialography:
radiography of salivary glands and ducts


(the connection of the Urinary tract)
Full transcript