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Transcript of Youth Subcultures
Rockers are a biker subculture that originated in the UK during the 1950s. The sub-culture was mainly centred around British cafe racer motorcycles and rock & roll music.
A café racer is a type of motorcycle/motorcyclist. Both meanings have
their roots in the 1960s British counterculture group the Rockers although they were also common in Italy, Germany, and other European countries. The term
refers to a style of motorcycles that were and are used for fast rides from one coffee bar to another.
But what is “Rock & Roll” music? Rock & roll (often written as rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s. It is primarily from a combination of African American blues, country, jazz, and gospel music. Elements of rock and roll can be heard in country records of the 1930s, and in blues records from the 1920s however rock & roll did not acquire its name until the 1950s. In the earliest rock & roll styles of the late 1940s and early 1950s, either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument, but these were generally replaced by a guitar in the middle to late 1950s.
The Mods and Rockers were two conflicting British youth subcultures of the early-mid 1960s. Mods and rockers fighting in 1964 sparked a moral panic about British youths, and the two groups were seen as folk devils. The rockers were motorcyclists, wearing clothes such as black leather jackets. The Mods were scooter riders, wearing suits and clean-cut outfits. By the late 1960s, the two subcultures had faded from public view and media attention turned to two new emerging youth subcultures — the
Hippies and the skinheads.
punk emerged in the 1970s in USA
evolved major controversy
reflected individual freedom, substance abuse
unique,different, original and exaggerated fashion sense
- pop punk
- garage rock
- folk rock
- pub rock A Level Media Studies An investigation into different youth subculutures through history Teddy Boys Punks Goths Ravers Goths had originated in England during the early 1980's and had been developed from the punk scene, this is the same time Gothic rock made its appearance. The music Goths typically listen to and are influenced by are dark rock genres such as Gothic Rock and Deathwave, examples of these types of music are bands such as 'The Cure' and 'Southern Death Cult'. Fashions and appearance of Goths are most prominent within this subculture as they mostly wear Victorian style clothing and have religious symbolic uses such as crucifix necklaces or satanic amulets. Dark clothing is often wore and pale make up is popular with females, this is to enhance the early periodic time and to create contrast with their dark atmosphere they have. Goths had also been influenced by early grim narratives such as work from Mary Shelly and other Gothic novels which can explain their interest in depressing storylines and dark artwork. Horror novels also link with this sub culture which explains why some early horror films had Goth characters such as Dracula, but as time as progress these stereotypes have been elaborated from the media through dress sense and personality, a common example would The Addams Family. The first sign of Goths being presented can be traced back to a 1764 novel 'The Castle of Otronto' which first explored this horror/Gothic genre but modern era would show Goths first being presented from TV series such as 'The Munsters'. 20th Century influences also include director Tim Burton's work since he had created his auteur around Gothic storyline and characters, noticeable works such as 'Edward Scissorhands' and 'Nightmare Before Christmas'. drainpipe jeans, plaid/tartan trousers, kilts or skirts, T-shirts, leather jackets, pins and buttons, and metal studs or spikes
outrageous hairstyles, cosmetics, tattoos, jewellery, piercings and body modification In movies: Rock 'n' Roll High School, The Great Rock 'n' Roll Swindle, Social Distortion, 24 Hour Party People What differentiates that subculture?
•Motorcycles – used a way of transport but also as a symbol of masculinity and to intimidate.
•Tall motorcycle boots