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Oncology Nursing

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Rachel Dell

on 15 November 2012

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Transcript of Oncology Nursing

How does the oncology nursing influence the field of nursing? How does nursing influence oncology nursing? What is oncology nursing? How does the concept of oncology nursing relate to nursing? How does oncology nursing influence health care? Health care influences oncology
nursing by: What knowledge and skills do oncology nurses have in their specialty field? What kind of patients do oncology nurses take care of? They must have the capability to keep current with the new trends and practices in cancer treatment and management. What do nurses do who take care of patients with cancer? What is the daily life of an oncologist nurse? Certifications Latest trends in oncology nursing How are they related to the current health care? Standards of Practice Oncology nurses are being held more accountable for patient outcomes. Health care sets guidelines for ethical oncology treatments because patients walk a thin line between life and death every day. Because of health care advances, oncology nursing techniques are more advanced and typically require a longer treatment period. Advancing health care provides the means necessary, under doctor's orders, for oncology nurses to participate in medical procedures including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The demand for oncology nurses will go up in the future due to the increased age of "baby-boomers." Oncology nurses use the traditional standards of practice for nursing but shift their concern to being a caregiver, an educator, and a consultant of resources for patients diagnosed with cancer. Many oncology nurses will provide education and counseling for cancer prevention, while also participating in screening and detection for cancer diagnosis. Oncology nurses demonstrate to other fields of nursing that it is possible to participate in empirical research of varying diseases. Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation Radiation Oncology Certificate Program Advanced Oncology Certified Nurse Practitioner Sub-specialty of oncology nursing.
Required to have an substantial database of knowledge pertaining to oncology diagnosis and therapies. Requires basic knowledge in radiotherapy and cancer treatment. A Master's in nursing and 500 clinical hours in oncology nursing are required to take this exam.
Required to have a vast amount of knowledge about all radiotherapy and chemotherapy techniques. 2004 Statement on the Scope and Standards of Oncology Nursing Practice Recognizes oncology nursing as a crucial nursing specialty. •The "Standards of Care" reflect professional nursing activities with the inclusion of alternative therapies, palliative and end-of-life care, and increasing survival rates compared with current practice. Historical foundation and contemporary changes. "Standards of Professional Performance" further define practice evaluation and education of the professional oncologist nurse. Professional oncology nursing organizations National Coalition of Oncology Nurse Navigators(NCONN) Oncology Nursing Society(ONS) Mission statement: Promoting excellence in oncology patient care by fostering collaborative relationships and professional development among oncology nurses. Open to all registered nurses who participate in caring for patients with a cancer diagnosis. Increased demand for oncology nurses and advanced practice oncology nurses due to the expected rise in cancer patients in the future. Oncology nurses will work more in the community and less in hospital settings to promote screening and prevention. With new technology, oncology nurses will need to have more knowledge and skills about the various cancer treatment plans. As the demand for cancer treatment rises, groups of oncology nurses who specialize in specific cancer treatment will form. Have the ability to be optimistic with their patients and their prognosis without being deceitful or dishonest. Be able to teach patients about diversion activities during the cancer treatment process so their attention is not focused on their current health state. Need to be a teacher and educator to not only the patient but the entire family. Be understanding if the patient makes an assertion to end their cancer treatment. Be emotionally supportive to the patients with a bad prognosis or having a rough time with treatment without bringing negative emotions from their work into their personal life. Pediatric Hematology Oncology Nurse Requires basic level knowledge in pediatric nursing and treatment plans. As the of the population rises, the demand for cancer treatment will rise. As different types of cancer treatment are being created, they are being administered in different settings. Nurses and nurse practitioners will become the primary distributors of chemotherapy and other medications. In an acute-care setting, the oncology nurses will check on all of their patients at the beginning of a shift to see what medications they need during the shift and if they are currently in pain. The nurse also performs physical assessments and draws blood out of their central IV line or vein if needed for testing. If the patient is sleeping during the nurse's shift, vitals are monitored and all information is documented. If the patient is awake, the nurse is comforting the patient if they are in pain and if necessary going over the treatment plan and administering medication. The oncology nurse may also be reassuring the patient and guests of the patient if the patient is having a bad reaction to the treatment or if their prognosis is terminal. Administer pain medication and monitor pain levels. Administer chemotherapy and radiotherapy under the supervision of an oncologist. Emotionally support the patient and their family. The patient's oncology nurses take care of depends on whether they chose to specialize in a particular patient population diagnosed with cancer, a specific type of cancer, or not specialize in any cancer treatment at all. Many oncology nurses will specialize in geriatric cancer or pediatric cancer. Oncology nurses may specialize in cancer of the respiratory system, female and male reproductive system, or even cancer of the liver. Oncology nurses not only include their own codes of conduct and standards of practice into patient care, but they also add the basic standards of practice that every nurse should follow into the care of a patient diagnosed with cancer. Ethical codes which apply to all fields of nursing must be upheld by oncology nurses even if the cancer patient is terminal. Oncology nursing is a specialty field of nursing that registered nurses may work in and become certified if they chose to do so. Oncology nursing is a specialized branch of nursing that cares for patients who have cancer, while providing specialized care not only to patients that have cancer but also to those that are at risk for developing cancer. Oncology nurses can work in places such as hospitals, physician’s offices, and outpatient facilities. Oncology nurses must understand the basic genetics, biochemistry and physiology of cancer, while also being familiar with the most common cancer treatments. Oncology nursing is a very broad field and oncology nurses can work in areas as diverse as prevention of cancer or end of life treatment. •While oncology nurses have the flexibility of choosing any kind of specialization they desire in their specific field, they must all share common knowledge of nursing skills and a generic medical information knowledge base. Oncology nurses still must promote healthy lifestyles and prevention of all diseases. Non-specialist nurses work together with oncology nurses in acute care settings when it is in the best interest of the patient. This allows both kinds of nurses to create a cumulative and unified treatment plan toward the common goal. Patients are now spending more time being treated by their oncology nurse or oncology nurse practitioner and less time being treated by an oncologist to keep the health care costs lower. Advanced oncology nurse practitioners are taking the primary responsibility of formulating the long-term health care plan of patients. Oncology nurses are making health care more accessible because outpatient facilities are now more often located in the community. Oncology nursing is making health care more convenient by performing diagnostic tests in the community, while also administering certain cancer treatment plans in the patient's home.
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