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The Tempest

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on 21 March 2014

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Transcript of The Tempest

Figurative Language
The Setting
Shakespeare uses a load of figurative language as he speaks with metaphors, similes, and personification. If we don't recognizing when he is using figurative language, than we don't understand a lot of the play.
Iambic Pentameter
Characters
Prospero (Main Character)
Miranda (Prospero's Daughter)
Ariel (Mischievous Spirit/Prospero's Slave)
Sycorax (deceased sorceress/mother of Caliban)
Caliban (Deformed son of Sycorax)
Alonso (King Of Naples)
Sebastian (Alonso's treacherous Brother)
Antonio (Prospero's Brother)
Ferdinand (Alonso's Son)
Gonzalo (Neapolitan courtier who provided for Miranda and Prospero)
Trinculo (Kings Jester)
Stephano (Kings Drunken Steward)
Iris, Ceres, and Juno (Spirits and Goddesses)
Summary
Background
The Tempest is a play written by William Shakespeare in 1610-1611. It is believed to be the last play wrote on his own. It is one of Shakespeare's best known plays. This play did not gain much popularity before the closing of the theaters in 1642 and only gained popularity after the Restoration.
By: Coby Koehler
and Chris Clinker

The Tempest
Meanings of Shakespeares Words
Prospero, a sorcerer and the rightful Duke of Milan, is stranded on an island with his daughter Miranda and 2 slaves, A spirit and a deformed giant. He was stranded by his brother and the king in a conspiracy for the throne. Prospero discovers the they are sailing by in a ship. He causes a tempest to wreck the ship. The survivor make it to shore and are split up by Prospero's magic.
Now Antonia, Alonso, Sebastian, and Gonzalo wander in search of Ferdinand. Antonio and Sebastian plot to kill Alonso but are thwarted by Ariel. Elsewhere Stephano and Trinculo plot to kill Prospero but are again thwarted by Ariel. Prospero continues his torture of Antonio and Alonso and punishes Caliban. After deciding that they had all suffered enough for the past, Prospero Finally confronts His brother and Alonso and demands the throne back. He gets it back and frees his slaves and heads back to Naples
Metaphors
"The winds did sing it to me, and the thunder, That deep and dreadful organ-pipe, pronounce'd The name of Prosper;it did base my trespass
This is a great example of a metaphor in this play. Alonso is comparing thunder to an organ-pipe.
Similes
"Then all afire with me, the King's son, Ferdinand, With hair up-staring (The like reeds, not hair),"
In this line, Ariel compares Ferdinand's hair to reeds.
Personification
"This music crept by me upon the waters, Allaying both their fury and my passion."
This is a perfect example of personification.
Ferdinand describes the music as creeping.
This is a human trait applied to a non living thing
A metaphor is the application of a word or phrase to something that is not literal but just to compare
A simile draws comparison between different things using like or as.
Personification is when human attributes are applied to objects of abstract notions.
Iambic Pentameter is a form of verse. It is a ten syllable line with the accent on every other syllable.
"As
if
you
were
dis
may'd
; be
cheer
ful,
sir
.
As you can see, Shakespeare was not afraid to take vowels out to make sure it fit with iambic pentameter. The result of this is that this play has an uninterrupted rhythm to it.
Shakespeare was known to have lots of made up words in his plays. The tempest is no exception.
"Good; speak to th' mariners; fall to't, yarely, or we run ourselves aground" Yarely: briskly, nimby
"The sky it seems would pur down stinking pitch, But that the sea, mounting to th'welkin's cheek, Dashes the fire out." Welkin: sky
"Open you chaps again" Chaps: mouth
Shakespeares words make us think and interest us. How much fun would Shakespeare be if we understood it all?
The Tempest takes place on an island in the middle of the ocean and the water surrounding it. There are some references that hint that the island could be in the Caribbean.
Developing the plot
The characters all develop the plot. Prospero develops the plot by causing the tempest and by splitting up everybody. Ariel develops the plot by continually thwarting attempts on lives. The other characters develop the plot as they are walking around on the island.
Figures of Speech
"Your Tale, Sir, Would cure deafness"
This is an example of a Hyperbole, it is and extreme exageration
"Whats past is Prologue"
This is a paradox. If it is in the past, it cant be the beginning.
"Full Fathom Five thy Fathers Lie."
This is an example of Alliteration. A lot of the words start with the same sound
Full transcript