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Narratives

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by

Stephanie Caneday

on 22 July 2014

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Transcript of Narratives

You can't have a narrative
without
characters!
Character
: a person or animal that takes part in the action of a literary work.
The
main
, or major, character is the most important character in the story, poem, or play. A
minor
character is one who takes part in the action but is not the focus of attention.
A
dynamic
character is one who changes or grows during the course of the work. A
static
character is one who does not change.

And the characters have to be somewhere...
Setting
: includes the
time
and
place
of the action. The setting also includes all the details of place and time - the year, the time of day, even the weather.
Setting serves as a backdrop, or a context in which the characters interact.
Setting also has an impact on the feeling or atmosphere of the story.
And
the narrator
has to be telling the narrative...
Narrator
: a speaker or a character who tells a story. The narrator’s perspective is the way he or she sees things.
A
third person narrator
is one who stands outside the action and speaks about it.
A
first person narrator
is one who tells a story and participates in the action.


And the narrative is told from a particular

Point of View...
Point of View
: the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told.
First Person POV
: told by a character who uses first person pronouns including I, me, my, we, us, and our throughout the narration of the story- which does not include dialogue.
Second Person POV
: a story told using the second person pronoun, you. This is the most rare type of POV and is seen in “Choose Your Own Adventure” books.


Point of View
Continued
Third Person POV
: there are two kinds of third person POV, both of which use third person pronouns such as he, she, they, and them throughout the narration of a story.
Third Person
Omniscient
: the narrator knows and tells about what multiple characters feel and think.
Third Person
Limited
: the narrator tells the inner thoughts and feelings of only one character, and everything is viewed from this character’s perspective.

And there has to be a
theme,
otherwise the narrative wouldn't really impact readers...
Theme
: a central message, concern, or purpose in a literary work.
A theme is usually a general statement about human beings or life that
applies to everyone
.
The theme is also known as the
moral
of the story that the reader usually has to figure out by looking carefully at what the characters experience or learn throughout the text.

And the author develops the
mood...
Mood
: also known as atmosphere, this is the feeling created by a literary work or passage. Basically, this is
how the reader feels
after reading a text.
Writers create mood by using sensory language, dialogue, setting, and events in the plot.
The mood of a text can either
stay the same throughout, or
shift from the beginning to the
end of the text.


And has a specific
tone...
Tone
: the
writer’s attitude
toward his or her subject and audience.
The tone can often be described by a single adjective, such as serious or playful, bitter, or ironic.
Factors that contribute to the tone are word choice, sentence structure, line length, rhyme, rhythm, and repetition.
GOAL!
Narratives
Narrative is just a fancy word for story!
And the mood and tone both become clearer through
dialogue...
Dialogue
: a
conversation
between characters.
In poems, novels, and short stories, dialogue is set off by quotation marks to indicate a speaker’s exact words.
In a play, dialogue follows the names of the characters, and no quotation marks are used.
And the author uses
sensory language
to be more descriptive...
Sensory Language
: writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the five senses.
Writers use this to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smell.

And every story has a
plot...
Plot
: the sequence of events in which each event results from a previous one and causes the next.
Exposition
: beginning of the plot in which the characters and setting are introduced.
Conflict
: this is the problem in a story, which is often a struggle between opposing forces, and causes the action of the plot.
There are two types of conflict: 1.)
internal
, which takes place within the mind of a character as he or she struggles to make a decision, take an action, or overcome a feeling, and 2.)
external
, which is when a character struggles against some outside force, such as another person or nature.

Rising Action
: these are the events resulting from the conflict, and the action that leads to the climax.
The rising action makes up the majority of most novels.
Climax
: this is the turning point in the plot.
It is also the moment of greatest tension, when the outcome of the plot has yet to be determined.
Falling Action
consists of the events resulting from the climax and leading to the resolution.
Resolution
is the outcome, or solution to, the conflict in a plot.
Plot
Continued
Images Works Cited
Rocky Beach Wallpaper.
Digital image. Walls-
World.com. Web. 21 July 2014.
Squirt the Sea Turtle from Finding Nemo
. Digital
image. Lovepixar.com. Web. 21 July 2014.
Storm Over Field
. Digital image. These Fleeting
Moments. Web. 21 July 2014.

Full transcript