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To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 1-5

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Izzie Robinson

on 21 April 2015

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Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 1-5

Minds On: Jeopardy
Analysis of Key Themes, Plot Moments, and Character Development
Literary Luminary
"First of all, if you can learn a simple trick, Scout, you'll get along better with all kinds of folks. You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view - until you climb into his skin and walk around in it."
- Atticus Finch chapter 3, page 39.

To make a text-to-world connection, this quote is a good pick. It is a very good 'trick' as Atticus calls it, for your everyday life. If everyone would look from others' points of view, there might be a little less people jumping to conclusions about other people, and maybe less bullying or violence.
Chapter Summary
Chapter 1- Life as we knew it.
Thanks for watching!
To Kill A Mockingbird Chapters 1-5
Historical Research/Context - connection to historical figures or events in your sections.
The story is narrated by a young girl named Jean Louise Finch, who is almost always called by her nickname, Scout. Scout starts to explain the circumstances that led to the broken arm that her older brother, Jem, sustained many years earlier; she begins by recounting her family history.
Atticus, Scout and Jem's father, is a lawyer who works in the Maycomb County Courtyard. Their cook, an old black woman named Calpurnia, helps to raise the children and keep the house. Atticus’ wife died when Scout was two, so she does not remember her mother well. But Jem, four years older than Scout, has memories of their mother that sometimes make him unhappy.
In the summer of 1933, when Jem is nearly ten and Scout almost six, a weird kid named Charles Baker Harris moves in next door. The boy, who calls himself Dill, stays for the summer with his aunt, Miss Rachel Haverford, who owns the house next to the Finches’. Dill quickly grows fond of the Finches and spends most of his time playing with Jem and Scout.
Boo Radley lives in the run-down Radley Place, and no one has seen him outside it in years. Scout remembers how, as a boy, Boo got in trouble with the law and his father imprisoned him in the house as punishment. He was not heard from until much later, when he stabbed his father with a pair of scissors.
Dill leaves Maycomb to return to the town of Meridian. Scout, meanwhile, prepares to go to school for the first time, an event that she has been eagerly anticipating. Once she is finally at school, however, she finds that her teacher, Miss Caroline Fisher, deals poorly with children. At recess, Scout complains to Jem, but Jem says that Miss Caroline is just trying out a new method of teaching.
Miss Caroline and Scout get along badly in the afternoon as well. Walter Cunningham, a boy in Scout’s class, has not brought a lunch. Miss Caroline offers him a quarter to buy lunch, telling him that he can pay her back tomorrow. Walter’s family is a poor yet proud family and they refuse to ever be given favors in case they can't pay the favors back. Walter will never be able to pay the teacher back or bring a lunch to school. When Scout attempts to explain this, however, Miss Caroline slaps Scout’s hand with a ruler.
Scout rubs Walter’s nose in the dirt for getting her in trouble, but Jem intervenes and invites Walter to lunch. At the Finch house, Walter and Atticus discuss farm conditions “like two men,” and Walter puts molasses all over his meat and vegetables, to Scout’s horror. When she criticizes Walter, however, Calpurnia calls her into the kitchen and slaps her as she returns to the dining room, telling her to "Be a better hostess".
At home, Atticus follows Scout outside to ask her if something is wrong, to which she responds that she is not feeling well. She tells him that she does not think she will go to school anymore and suggests that he could teach her himself. Atticus replies that the law demands that she go to school,
This is an important section of the first chapter. It isn't necessarily a quote or symbol, but I felt it was an important section to analyze. The author really delves into great detail to describe Maycomb like nothing I've ever read before in a book. The detail is incredible as the author paints a picture for you in your mind while you're reading. This is when you sort of get a sense that the book will be filled with picture painting details.
Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop . . . somehow it was hotter then . . . bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men’s stiff collars wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o’clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat and sweet talcum. . . . There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County. But it was a time of vague optimism for some of the people: Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear but fear itself.
After school one day, she passes the Radley Place and sees some tinfoil sticking out of a knothole in one of the Radleys’ oak trees. Scout reaches into the knothole and discovers two pieces of chewing gum. She chews both pieces and tells Jem about it. He panics and makes her spit it out.
Literary Luminary
Summer finally comes, school ends, and Dill returns to Maycomb. He, Scout, and Jem begin their games again. One of the first things they do is roll one another inside an old tire. On Scout’s turn, she rolls in front of the Radley steps, and Jem and Scout panic. However, this incident gives Jem the idea for their next game: they will play “Boo Radley.” Eventually though, Atticus catches them and asks if their game has anything to do with the Radleys. Jem lies, and Atticus goes back into the house.
Literary Luminary
Chapter 2-
Chapter 3-
Chapter 4-
Chapter 5-
Jem and Dill grow closer, and Scout begins to feel left out of their friendship. As a result, she starts spending much of her time with one of their neighbors: Miss Maudie Atkinson, a woman with a talent for gardening. She tells Scout that Boo Radley is still alive and it is her theory Boo is the victim of a harsh father a “foot-washing Baptist who believed that most people are going to hell"
Question 1 for the class: How would the story be different if Scout, (Jean Louise Finch) was a boy?

Question 2: Is it likely this is the story of Harper Lee's childhood?

Question 3: Compare and contrast the schooling system of the 1930's to today's modern system. Find differences and similarities.
Jem and Dill plan to give a note to Boo inviting him out to get ice cream with them. They try to stick the note in a window of the Radley Place with a fishing pole, but Atticus catches them and orders them to “stop tormenting that man” with either notes or the “Boo Radley” game.
By: Group One
"Had her conduct been more friendly toward me, I would have felt sorry for her. She was a pretty little thing. "
- Scout Finch while narrating
This is a key statement in the book because it shows
Scout's distaste for her teacher, Miss Caroline. It lets the reader know that Scout doesn’t really care about Miss Caroline because of how she had treated Scout in the second and third chapters. It also lets the reader see that Scout took the things Miss Caroline said about Atticus and Calpurnia, to heart and may be holding a bit of a grudge against her for saying they had taught her wrong.
Harper Lee was born on April 28th, 1926 in a quaint town in Alabama, similar to the narrator Jean Louise and supporting roles. In 1931, when Harper was 5, nine young African-American men were accused of raping two white women. 5 out of the 9 men were sentenced to life in prison. The case was entitled the Scottsboro case, appropriately so; the offense occurred in the city of Scottsboro. This event impacted Harper Lee deeply. She has also said that Dill, Scout and Jem's friend in the novel, is based on one of her childhood friends.

In the very beginning, the narrator lays out for us that "Maycomb has been recently told that there is nothing to fear but fear itself." This infamous quote comes straight from the mouth of one of the most influential presidents of the time, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He spoke these words after the 1932 presidential election during the Great Depression. This allows for an idea of setting and time in this classic piece of literature.

Towards the end of this section, Scout's impatience and frustration with the education system is evident. She has been told to stop learning outside of the classroom and to continue along the usual orthodox and standard learning process. Personalized and independent learning plans were not around in those days. However, Atticus and Scout persist in her longing for more knowledge outside of the classroom.

This shows the reader how Atticus as a single father raises his children as a well-meaning, thoughtful and caring figure, as opposed to an enemy or opponent. There is a sense of friendship between children and parent.

Lee, Harper. To Kill a Mockingbird. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1960. Print.

"To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee Book Summary." To Kill a Mockingbird: To Kill a Mockingbird Book Summary & Study Guide. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"To Kill a Mockingbird." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

"To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee Book Summary." To Kill a Mockingbird: To Kill a Mockingbird Book Summary & Study Guide. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.

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