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Irregular Verbs in English
Transcript of Irregular Verbs in English
201002492 Irregular Verbs in English The contents A- General backgrounds (Derivation and numbers)
B- a. Regular vs. Irregular Verbs
b. Families of irregular verbs
c. Categorization by sound analogy (patterns)
d. Why irregular verbs?
C- Tips to memorize irregular verbs
Reference A- General Background a. Where did irregular verbs come from? b. How many are they? From Old English period (Anglo-Saxon 500~1100 in England) Strong Verbs: form their past tense and past participle with vowel gradation. e.g. break / broke / broken Old English over 300 Modern English about the half + prefixed and compounded irregular verbs. e.g. understand, misunderstand B- a. Regular verbs vs. Irregular verbs Regular verbs: Conjugation (past tense) follows one typical pattern, adding "-ed". e.g. end / ended / ended Irregular verbs: conjugation (past tense) follows some different patters. e.g. hit / hit / hit
lose / lost / lost
hide / hid / hidden B- b. Three families of irregular verbs Exception: To be Infinitive Past simple Past participle No Change One Change Two Change cost cost cost have had had see saw seen B- c. Categorization by sound analogy There are a set of patters among irregular verbs. sing / sang / sung
ring / rang / rung
spring / sprang / sprung e.g. awake / awoke / awaken
speak / spoke / spoken
break / broke / broken (the handout list) B- d. Why irregular verbs? A legacy of Indo-Europeans (prehistoric tribe) Steven Pinker The Indo-European languages (a family of several hundred of languages and dialects). C- Tips to memorize irregular verbs References Thank you Categorizing them by sound similarity.
Use them in sentences.
use your gut instinct. http://www.cws.illinois.edu/workshop/writers/irregularverbs/