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History - Confederation
Transcript of History - Confederation
A coalition government is the joining of different political parties into one government in case of an emergency. By: Lauren Daskalakis In 1867, over 130 years ago Canada became a country. In 1867, four provinces
joined to form the new Dominion of Canada - Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Confederation:
Bringing all the colonies together as one country. John A Macdonald:
- Brought British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, and the great North West Territories into the Canadian Confederation.
- Built the Canadian Pacific Railway.
- Help unite Upper and Lower Canada. George Brown:
- Came up with the idea of Coalition Government.
- Publisher for the Toronto Globe. #1 The Threat Of An American Takeover - Canadians were scared that if the American's take over.
#2 & 5 Trouble With Trade - Great Britain was mad because Canada wanted stuff from them but made them pay taxes. Canada had to become there own country because they couldn't get stuff from Great Britain.
#3 The Need For Rail Links - It helps with transportation, and trading.
#4 Fenian Raids - The American's were doing surprise attacks on Canada. Factors Of Confederation: In 1857, Aboriginal people on the Thompson River in British Columbia present gold nuggets in exchange for goods in the Hudson's Bay store in Kamloops. In no time, the word spreads: "There is gold on the Fraser River!" Gold Rush 1. Close to water. Good for trading goods and supplies and transportation.
2. Far enough away from the USA.
3. Right on the border of French and English speaking people. Three Reasons Why Ottawa Became Our Capitol: George-Étienne Cartier Political Parties In Canada, 1860 Canada West: Parties Leader Beliefs Conservatives
of Tories John A. Macdonald Proud of Canada's connection with Britain and loyal to Queen Victoria who is officially the head of government during this period. Reform Party or Clear Grits George
Brown Want change and more say for ordinary people in government; have a great deal deal of support from rural people. Canada East Parti Bleu Support co-operation between French and English speaking Canadians. Parti Rouge A. A. Dorion Support rights of French-speaking Canadians. John A. Macdonald George Brown A. A. Dorion George-Étienne Cartier ... small Canada East Member Member (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr The rural farmer is the backbone of Canada East. Only 20% of the population lives in cities. Most people in Canada East live in villages. They are proud of their French-Canadian culture and heritage. Defence: There is danger that the Fenians will attack along the Canadian-American border south and east of Montreal. Political Deadlock:
Political deadlock is a situation where competing political parties have equal representation in the political system making it impossible for decisions to be made. The End