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Career Development Counseling Theories

Special Focus Theories

Odie Anderson

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Career Development Counseling Theories

Constructivist & Narrative Approaches
Narrative Counseling
Cochran's Narrative Counseling
Savicha's Career Construction Theory
Krumboltz Learning Theory
Happenstance Learning Theory
Relational Approaches to Career Development
Roe's Personality Development Theory
Attachment Theory
Family Systems Theory
Phillips Development-Relational Model
Bluestein's Relational Theory
Special Focus Theories
Constructivist, Narrative, Relational Approaches & Krumboltz Social Learning Theory
Chapters 11, 12 & 13
Review & Summary
by: Odie Anderson & Dan Lee
Narrative Therapy
Roe's Theory
Attachment Theory
1 Elaborating a career problem
2 Composing a life history
3 Eliciting a future narrative
4 Reality construction
5 Changing a life structure
6 Enacting a role
7 Crystallizing a decision
Seven Episodes
Both counselor and client learn from client's narration
Identify patterns in the client's life
To form a sense of the client's identity
Learn about the client's goals for the future
Vocational Personality - Holland's Theory
Developmental Tasks of Career Adaptability
Dimensions of Career Adaptability
Life Themes
Career Counseling Using Construction Theory
Concentration on the child
Over-protective parent
Over-demanding parent
Avoidance of the child
Emotionally rejected
Neglected child
Acceptance of child
Casual acceptance
Loving acceptance

Attitudes towards or away from a child
Three Types of Patterns
Secure Pattern
Anxious-ambivalent Pattern
Avoidant Pattern
Parent-Child Career Interactions
Family Systems Theory
Historically family counselors paid little attention to careers

The effect of family relationships on careers have been the subject of several studies
Family types are of particular interest:
Enmeshment and Disengagment are strong perdictors
Student from intact families are more decided and engaged
Phillips's Developmental-Relational Model
7 Actions to others
Non active support
Unconditional support
Information provided
Alternative provided
Forced Guidance
8 Ways of Self - Directedness
Confident independence
Unsuccessful recruitment
Insecure use of others
Seeking information about self
Weighing options
Sounding board
This model helps career counselors conceptualize how best to help clients who they are in various combinations of the stages.
Bluestein's Relational Theory of Working
Emphases the importance of relationships in the work environment
Believed work relationships should be brought "into the foreground"
Valuable to career counselors for helping client's see work in the context of relationships
Seven Propositions
1 Both work and relationships are topics we feel and think about
2 Early and current relationships influence how we deal with issues
3 Work and relationships occur in the workplace
4 How individuals make decisions and explore work and training
5 The content of the decisions made at work are help or hindered
6 Individuals find meaning in their work through their relationships
7 One's culture can help to provide as sense of security
Helps clients incorporate chance events into their lives, and prepare to actively seek out or create events that can lead to a positive "happenstance" encounter.
Four Criteria
Help clients focus
Use assessments
Teach clients to explore
Success measured by accomplishment
Five Helpful Skills
Risk Taking
Teach to create
Teach to overcome
Post Modern approaches truth from clients point of view
Narrative Therapy
Cohran's 7 Concepts
Attachment Theory
Krumboltz Learning Theory
Full transcript