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Simple Electric Motor Project

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by

Jeremy Fermin

on 6 June 2014

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Transcript of Simple Electric Motor Project

Investigative Question
Background Information
Electromagnetic interactions make Electric motors work. Electromagnetic interactions are described as the interaction of current (the flow of electrons) and a magnetic field. Electric motors convert electrical energy (from battery) into mechanical energy (used to cause rotation). The first simple electric motor was demonstrated by Michael Faraday in 1821, London. The electric motor was constructed as a wire carrying a current rotating around a fixed electromagnet. The discoverer that discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields was Hans Christian Ørsted, a Danish physicist and chemist.
Hypothesis
If an Energizer, Duracell, and Kodak D Batteries are used to make a simple electric motor then the Duracell Battery will be the most effective when developing a simple electric motor because of how the creator of Duracell, Samuel Ruben revolutionized battery technology.
Variables
Variables
Independent Variable: Different D Batteries
Dependent Variable: Effectively powering the simple electric motor
Control Variables: the materials other than the battery
Materials: D Batteries, Insulated 22G wire, 2 large eyed metal sewing needles, modeling clay, electrical tape, hobby knife, thick marker

Simple Electric Motor Project
Which battery will be the most effective when developing a simple electric motor?
Materials and Procedure
Variables
Independent Variable: Different D Batteries
Dependent Variable: Effectively powering the simple electric motor
Control Variables: the materials other than the battery
Materials: D Batteries, Insulated 22G wire, 2 large eyed metal sewing needles, modeling clay, electrical tape, hobby knife, thick marker

Procedure:
1) Gather Materials
2) Put together simple electric motor
3) Use a Kodak, Duracell and Panasonic D Battery to power the motor
4) Repeat this process until you have sufficient data
5) Record observations on which battery is the most effective

Introduction

Introduction:
What I have set out to do is build a simple electric motor and test the motor with different D Batteries. My experiment would be to test which battery is the most effective when powering the electric motor. I found out the creator of Duracell revolutionized battery technology with his technology. My results are important because it will reveal which D Battery is the most effective when powering a simple electric motor.

Data & Data Analysis
Data Analysis:
I received the results from my experiment because it was the only way I can prove which battery was the most effective. My results mean which of the three batteries (Kodak, Energizer, and Duracell) lasts longer when powering my electric motor. According to the Simple DC Motor, "motors convert electrical energy (from battery) into mechanical energy (used to cause rotation)." This means that electric motors can be powered effectively from batteries that are the most effective.

Conclusion
Conclusion:
My question was... Which battery will be the most effective when powering an electric motor? My hypothesis stated.. If Kodak, Duracell, and Panasonic D Batteries are used to power a simple electric motor then the Duracell Battery will be the most effective because of how Duracell's creator Samuel Ruben revolutionized battery technology. My data proved my hypothesis correct because I clearly stated that the Duracell battery would be the most effective and my data proved the Duracell battery lasted long when powering my simple electric motor. In my data, observations stated at Trial for the Duracell battery were that it kept on moving at a rapid motion, while in the other two batteries trials both began to slow down the electric motor. Errors that occurred during my experiment were that I could not power the motor at first which possibly would've gotten my materials corrupted. What I learned from my investigation was that batteries of all kind can produce strong currents, it taught me how something so small as that can be so powerful, it explains how batteries are able to power thing for so long.

Sources
www. education.come/science-fair/article/no-frills-motor/

web.mit.edu/cmse/educational/motor-lp-kristy.pdf

www. ieeeghan.org/wiki/index.php/simple-electric-motor

ww2.duracell.com/en-US/company/history.jspx


D Batteries Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3
Kodak effectively powers the motor, mild movement the motor becomes slower, battery not supplying enough energy Kodak battery does not power the motor, no movement
Energizer slowly powers the motor, slow movement motor begins to slow down even more, barely powering the motor Energizer does not support motor with energy, no movement
Duracell effectively powers the motor, fast movement the motor stays in rapid motion, no flaws yet After a while battery begins to slow down motor

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