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Alexander the Great
Transcript of Alexander the Great
papyrus scrolls and
of ancient literature. Alexandria became the capital of Graeco-Roman Egypt. In 332 B.C. Alexander the
great founded the city of
Alexandria at the mouth
of the Nile. It has half a million
papyrus scrolls and
of ancient literature. Hellenistic Culture
in Alexandria library It's diverse population
of Persians, Indians,
Egyptians and more
reached over half
a million people. The Library of Alexandria
was known to be one of
the largest and most
significant libraries in
the ancient world. map of Alexandria First true
research library Alexandria has been home to
many historical figures, including Cleopatra, Mark Antony,
Julius Caesar and Euclid. It also became the center of commerce. Progression was made in astronomy, mathematics, and physics. Aristarchus proposed:
*planets revolve around the sun
*the sun is bigger than Greece Archimedes correctly estimated pi. Some of his ideas led to building a force pump, pneumatic machines, and even a steam engine. Ships from all around the Mediterranean docked at the harbor As a result of trade Alexandria spread Greek culture and customs to other Countries. Cleopatra and Julius Caesar He showed exceptional prowess in leadership. However, he was having difficulty getting the Macedonian troops to follow him. In the late winter of 332 to 331 BCE, Alexander personally, by hand, traced the city's limits. He also destroyed the Persian empire in the process, and "layed the foundations for a new kind of personal territorial monarchy" He was extremely careful not to settle over any exisiting Egyptian settlments, for he needed the Native Egyptians' help to defeat the Persian King Daruis III. In fact, he was so worried that he appointed his favorite seer, Aristander of Telmessus, to help, because he was supersticious. He then lead a campaign into Egypt in 332 BCE Alexandria's Founding In 334 BCE, Alexander lead a huge campaign into Asia Minor. He suceeded in extending Macedon's dominion as far as modern day Pakistan and Kashmir. The conquests of
Alexander the Great A portrait of Darius III "I have to endure the barbarous luxury of my power and magnificence...and now, my dear Aristotle, I have actually become a god." -Alexander to his tutor, Aristotle ALEXANDER THE GREAT Alexander the Great was born in 356 B.C. Alexander the great died in 323 B.C. Born in Pella, the capital
of Macedonia His father devoted a lot
of time to his education.
He was taught by
Aristotle. Aristotle had a large
influence on Alexander.
They discussed philosophic, political, and ethical doctrines. Background
Information Aristotle, a great philosopher. His father was the
king of Macedonia He inherited military skills
and a relistic approach to problems from his father. He is the son of Philip and Olympias Alexander's parents, Philip and Olympias Hellenization: The spread of Greek ideas PICTURES CITED
Alexander the great was born
Invaded Asia Minor
Fall of Zhou Dynasty in China