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Behavioral Leadership Lens
Transcript of Behavioral Leadership Lens
Impactful People in Behavioral Leadership
Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.
1940's Ohio State University develop the Leaders Behavior Description Questionnaire which helped identify common leadership behaviors (Behavioral, n.d.)
Wednesday May 28, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Behavioral Leadership Theory
that display Behavioral Leadership
Behavioral Leadership, is the study of the actions or behaviors, that define a leader. First developed by Robert Blake and Jane Mouton in 1964, this theoretical approach to understanding leaders subcatorgorizes leaders based on the actions the leader may take, or the methods they use to reach their goals. Behavioral leadership attempts to explain why different leaders exist and the motivation behind their leadership. According to Raising (2010), Behavioral Leadership is not really a type of leadership, instead it is the study of the kinds of actions and behaviors that make up what we call a leadership type. Behavior theories of leadership do not seek inborn traits or capabilities. Rather, they look at what learners actually do.
Behavioral Leadership Lens
Behavioral Theories of Leadership. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from Leadership-Central.com: http://www.leadership-
Core Leadership Theories: Learning the Foundations of Leadership. (n.d.). Core Leadership Theories. Retrieved May
28, 2014, from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/leadership-theories.htm
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Behaviorist Approach. Retrieved May 25, 2014, from http:/www.simplypsychology.org/
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Pavlov's Dogs. Retrieved May 25, 2014, from http:/www.simplypsychology.org/pavlov.html
Oyinlade, A. O. (2006). A Method of Assessing Leadership Effectiveness.Performance Improvement Quarterly, 19(1),
People and Discoveries. Retrieved May 25, 2014, from PBS: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries
Rasing, M. (2010, February 13). Behavioral Leadership. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from http://ezinearticles.com/?
Thye, L. F. (2010, February). Leadership: leadership traits and behavioral theories. Retrieved May 26, 2014, from
1987 Pavlov published the results of an experiment on conditioning which shows behavior can be learned, not just inherited.
1913 Watson starts the behavioral school of psychology.
1920 Watson's Behaviorism becomes accepted by most psychologists and the general public. It was the dominant view from the 1920's to the 1960's.
1950's University of Michigan conducted leadership studies that identified three characteristics of an effective leader. (Behavioral, n.d.)
-John F. Kennedy
Teddy and Franklin Roosevelt
Attila the Hun
Robert R. Blake and Jane Mouton
-Created Managerial Grid which identified five different leadership styles, 1964
Too much confusion on situational leadership and the circumstances behind it, brought forth the theory of behavioral leadership.
Dr. Rensis Likert
- Psychologist at the University of Michigan that conducted leadership studies and identified three leadership characteristics
The focus is on the actions/behaviors of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical, or social characteristics.
People can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation.
Behavioral categories of leadership include: task oriented, organizational skills, provide direction and guidance, and development of staff.
Under the Behavior Theory, the Managerial Grid or Leadership Grid illustrates a range based on the effectiveness of leaders in production and concern for the people.
A behavioral theory is relatively easy to develop, as you simply assess both leadership success and the actions of leaders.
Attributes that these historical figures possessed are that they were not necessarily natural born leaders, yet learned how to lead given their circumstances, positive or negative.
1930's - Kurt Lewin categorized leaders as Democratic, Autocratic, or Laissez-Faire
Kurt Lewin defines leadership in three categories: Autocratic, Democratic, and Laissez-Faire
Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner
-Behaviorist that believed free will was an illusion. He was one of the leaders in reinforcement studies and positive reinforcement over punishment.