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Importance of Nurturance & Trauma in Infant Neurodevelopment

This prezi will outline the neurodevelopmental & behavioral impact of attachment issues, neglect and abuse in infancy.

Matthew LeBauer

on 22 June 2011

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Transcript of Importance of Nurturance & Trauma in Infant Neurodevelopment

The Infant Brain
is a Garden A garden meant to be self-sustaining Self-regulating Caregivers are the gardeners. Their interactions create the processes of Weeding Fertilizing Watering Nurturing Bonding Supporting Chemical releases Emotional Experiences Recovery Management Caregivers that develop strong positive attachment Attentive Responsive Supportive Provide an experience through which the infant brain creates a self-regulating internal environment Attachment lays foundations for infant's coping,
adaptation, physical and mental health The qualities of interactions influence brain development The positive emotional system
is laid down in early neonatal life The negative emotional system
follows at the end of the first year Both systems are mediated through
early right hemisphere development The balance, interplay and interaction of positive and negative systems is essential for neurodevelopment to take place Human interaction plays an essential role in helping establish this balance Affective Synchrony between mother and infant regulates positive & negative states & the infant begins to internalize these controls. A mother's prompt & responsive care leads to a shift from external to internal control High arousal in play Low arousal in repair and soothing Leads to infants' emotional self-regulation Normal social skills require flexibility in positive and negative control Early failure in brain development may lead to behavioral problems, cognitive deficits and adult psychopathology Very early relational trauma Chronic stress Abuse & neglect Cumulative relational trauma exacerbates insecure attachment When a parent does not manage distress, and model self-soothing or emotion management, they leave the infant in long periods of intense stress. When the infant brain is flooded with excitotoxic neurochemicals like cortisol and an infant is not taught how to self-soothe the brain prunes and increases parcellation without the balanced measures of soothing and regulating neurochemical washes like seratonin and oxytocin As neural pathways are solidified based on the chronic exposure, oxidative stress causes further pruning and separation of circuits, impeding the brain's ability to communicate in the complex patterns necessary to balance and modulate the emotional experience. This leads to a child that cannot inhibit stress, terror, rage the child is less prone
to feel positive states leading to depression, lethargy, sadness Ongoing, Enduring
Positive interactions Repeated intimate connections
to build trust Re-connection, forgiveness, modeling of recovery from stress Nurturing A child is more likely to develop tendencies of insecure attachment ODD, aggression, isolation, and maladaptive behaviors including psychopathology Nourishing Who are
Attuned Credits & Thanks to
Anita Remig, EdD Based on her Educational Workbook, "Early Developmental Disorders Resulting from Abuse: Therapuetic Techniques for Intervention and Prevention" For Internal Educational Use Only How is this avoided? What Interventions are most effective?
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