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Trends & Issues in Tourism and Hospitality Management
Transcript of Trends & Issues in Tourism and Hospitality Management
External & Internal Trends that Affect the Tourism Industry
By examining a number of hospitality and hotel association websites from around the world, eight main areas of concern for the hospitality industry were highlighted and examined in more detail. These areas included employment issues, taxation levels and environmental issues.
Adventure travel is a type of tourism, involving exploration or travel to remote, exotic and possibly hostile areas. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity, as tourists seek different kinds of vacations. According to the U.S. based Adventure Travel Trade Association, adventure travel may be any tourist activity, including two of the following three components: a physical activity, a cultural exchange or interaction and engagement with nature.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. A number of startup companies have sprung up in recent years, hoping to create a space tourism industry. Orbital space tourism opportunities have been limited and expensive, with only the Russian Space Agency providing transport to date.
Pop-culture tourism is the act of traveling to locations featured in literature, film, music, or any other form of popular entertainment. Also referred to as a "Location Vacation".
Sex tourism is travel to engage in sexual activity, particularly with prostitutes. The World Tourism Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, defines sex tourism as "trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination".
"Birth tourism" is a term for travelling to a country that practices birthright citizenship in order to give birth there, so that the child will be a citizen of the destination country.
• Hong Kong
Culinary tourism or food tourism is experiencing the food of the country, region or area, and is now considered a vital component of the tourism experience. Dining out is common among tourists and "food is believed to rank alongside climate, accommodation, and scenery" in importance to tourists.
Archaeotourism or Archaeological tourism is a form of cultural tourism, which aims to promote public interest in archaeology and the conservation of historical sites.
Archaeological tourism can include all products associated with public archaeological promotion, including visits to archaeological sites, museums, interpretation centers, reenactments of historical occurrences, and the rediscovery of indigenous products, festivals, or theaters.
• Political Trends
• Economic Trends
• Social Trends
• Technological Trends
• Environmental Trends
• Legal Trends
• The arrival of the "new" tourists
• Increasing development of human resources
• Focus on destination sustainability
• Increasing price of transportation
• Increasing competition between tourism product suppliers
Medical tourism (MT) is patient movement from highly developed nations to other areas of the world for medical care, usually to find treatment at a lower cost. Medical tourism is different from the traditional model of international medical travel where patients generally journey from less developed nations to major medical centers in highly developed countries for medical treatment that is unavailable in their own communities.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism.
Pink tourism, Gay tourism or LGBT tourism is a form of niche tourism marketed to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people.They are usually open about their sexual orientation and gender identity but may be more or less open when traveling; for instance they may be closeted at home or if they have come out, may be more discreet in areas known for violence against LGBT people.
Sports tourism, or more correctly, Sport Tourism refers to travel which involves either observing or participating in a sporting event staying apart from their usual environment. Sport tourism is a fast growing sector of the global travel industry and equates to $600 billion a year.
Religious tourism, also commonly referred to as faith tourism, is a type of tourism, where people travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage, missionary, or leisure (fellowship) purposes. Modern religious tourists are more able to visit holy cities and holy sites around the world. The most famous holy cities are Jerusalem, Mecca and Varanasi.
Dark tourism (also black tourism or grief tourism) is tourism involving travel to sites associated with death and tragedy. Thanatourism, derived from the Ancient Greek word thanatos for the personification of death, is associated with dark tourism but refers more specifically to violent death; it is used in fewer contexts than the terms dark tourism and grief tourism. The main draw however to these locations is mostly due to their historical value rather than their associations with death and suffering.
Pro-poor tourism, which seeks to help the poorest people in developing countries, has been receiving increasing attention by those involved in development; the issue has been addressed through small-scale projects in local communities and through attempts by Ministries of Tourism to attract large numbers of tourists.
Educational tourism developed, because of the growing popularity of teaching and learning of knowledge and the enhancing of technical competency outside of the classroom environment. In educational tourism, the main focus of the tour or leisure activity includes visiting another country to learn about the culture, such as in Student Exchange Programs and Study Tours, or to work and apply skills learned inside the classroom in a different environment, such as in the International Practicum Training Program.
Also known as "Tourism of Doom," or "Last Chance Tourism" this emerging trend involves traveling to places that are environmentally or otherwise threatened before it is too late.
• Labor & Skills Shortage
• Construction Costs
• Changing Demographics & The Impact on Travel Trends
• Travel Permit Restrictions
• Emerging Markets
• Capital Availability
• Lagging Wage Rates
• Industry Reputation
• De-emphasis on Training and Worker Satisfaction
• Issues & Problems Concerning Hospitality Industry
• Missionary travel
• Leisure (fellowship) vacations
• Faith-based cruising
• Crusades, conventions and rallies
• Monastery visits and guest-stays
• Faith-based camps
• Religious tourist attractions
"Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people." - The International Ecotourism Society (TIES)
• Involves travel to natural destinations
• Minimizes impact
• Builds environmental awareness
• Provides direct financial benefits for conservation
• Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
• Respects local culture
• Supports human rights and democratic movements
1. San Francisco, USA
2. Sydney, Australia
3. Brighton, England
4. Amesterdam, The Netherlands
5. Berlin, Germany
6. Puerto Vallarta, Mexico
7. New York City, United States
8. Rio de Jainero
9. Prague, Czech Republic
10. Bangkok, Thailand
• Hard and soft sport tourism
• Sport event tourism
• Celebrity and nostalgia sport tourism
• Active sport tourism