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Carl Jung

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Terry P

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of Carl Jung

Carl Gustav Jung was a German and a citizen of Switzerland.
He was born on July 26, 1875 in a village called Kesswyl in Switzerland.
His father Paul Jung, was a poor pastor in the Swiss reformed church. His mother was Emilie Preiwerk Jung.
Jung asked his father questions about religion when he was little, but the answers he received from his father were unsatisfactory.
Jung's Theory
Jung viewed the human psyche as being divided into conscious and unconscious levels.
The ego is a representation of the conscious side of personality.
The collective unconscious holds ideas that are beyond our personal understandings and originated from the repetitious practices of ancestors.
The contents of the collective unconscious are called archetypes.
Jung's Theory
Jung's Theory
Jung created eight basic psychological types;
These emerge from the union of two attitudes and four functions.
Attitudes are predispositions to act or react in a distinguishing manner.
The two basic attitudes are introversion and extroversion.
Introversion refers to one’s subjective perceptions and extroversion indicates an orientation toward the impartial world.
Extroversion and Introversion can combine with four basic functions to form the eight personality types.
The four functions used include thinking, feelings, sensation, and intuition.

As a young person his parents and doctors began to suspect that he may have had epilepsy.
His condition made him interested in the study of medicine and psychiatry.
In 1903 Jung married Emma Rauschenbachin, they went on to have five children together.
He continued writing and working until the end of his life. He died on June 6th, 1961 at Kussnacht, Switzerland after a short illness.

Carl Jung
(Boeree, 2006) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011)
(Boeree, 2006) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011)
Some of the key Archetypes are:
Persona - which is the side of one’s personality that is shown to others.
Shadow - this is the dark side of personality.
Anima - the feminine disposition.
Animus - masculine disposition.
(Aurelio, 1995) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011) (Shamdasani, 2003)
(Aurelio, 1995) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011) (Shamdasani, 2003)
(Aurelio, 1995) (Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011) (Shamdasani, 2003)
Modern Psychology:
Type Theory
Jungs's type theory was one of his most important ideas, and is still very relevent in modern psychology.
His idea of introvert / extrovert personality types has gone beyond academia and is now part of mainstream culture.
His theory has spurred research and new ideas into ways to categorize personalty.
(Hall, 2012)
" I would not for anything dispense with this compass on my psychological journeys of discovery.
This is not merely for the obvious, all-too-human reason that everyone is in love with his own ideas. I value the type-theory for the objective reason that is offers a system of comparison and orientation which makes possible something that has long been lacking, a critical psychology".

- C. G. Jung on Type Theory
(Jung, 1933)
Jung's type theory led to the development of an important tool of modern psychology.
In 1962 Meyers and Briggs expanded upon Jung's theory and developed a questionnaire which can be used to identify a person as one of 16 personality types.
The Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator is purchased over 2 million times each year.
The MBTI has been featured in countless psychological studies and helps to keep Jung's ideas alive in modern psychology.
(Hall, 2012) (Pittenger, 1993)
Carl Jung was on of the most important psychologists of all time.
(Olson & Hergenhahn, 2011) (Boeree, 2006)
One More Thing!
If you are interested in Jung and his idea of personality types, please read this fun article which illustrates the 16 types of the MBTI using Disney Characters!
Also, please take this short personality test. While not the official MBTI, this short version is free and gives you an idea of how the test works. It will also give you an idea of what personality type you are!
Aurelio, M. J. (1995). Using Jungian archetypes to explore deeper levels of organizational culture.
Journal of Mangement Inquiry, 4(4), 347-368. doi:     10.1177/105649269500400407

Boeree, C. (2006). Carl Jung. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from

Hall, G. (2012). Applying psychological-type theory to faith: Spirituality, prayer, worship and scripture.
Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(9), 849-862. doi:10.1080/13674676.2012.685619

Jung, C. G. (1933). Modern man in search of a soul. Orlando: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Jung, C.J., & Franz, M. (1964). Man and his symbols. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
Retrieved October 25, 2014, from

Martin, E. (2009), Vision and Supervision: Jungian and Post-Jungian Perspectives edited by Mathers, Dale. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 54: 537–538. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-5922.2009.01801_3.x

Olson, M., & Hergenhahn, B. (2011). Carl Jung. In An introduction to theories of
personality (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall/Pearson.

Park, A. (2008, May 7). MBTI. Retrieved October 25, 2014, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?

Pittenger, D. J. (1993). The utility of the myers-briggs type indicator. Review of Educational Research,
63(4), 467-488. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543063004467

Pittenger, D. J. (2005), Cautionary comments regarding the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, Summer 2005, 210-221.

Shamdasani, S. (2003). Jung and the making of modern psychology the dream of a science. Cambridge,

UK: Cambridge University Press.
(Click the links, if they dont open, close full screen mode)
The MBTI is often used in analyzing personality types of people that hold particular jobs.
MBTI can be used by managers, helping them to understand and support the people who work under them.
In the school setting, MBTI can be used to get a better understanding of a child’s personality type.
Understanding this information from the MBTI can help parents raise their children.
(Pittenger, 2005)
Jungian Professional Groups
Another way that the ideas and theories of Jung remain relevant is through Jungian professional groups.
(Martin, 2009)
Terry Parker
Ceara Skopick
Doris Nkwogu
Marina Berryhill
They help to carry on Jung's philosophy and ideas in the professional world.
These groups are located around the world, and vary in terms of mission and scope.
Specifically, his theory's formed the basis for the MBTI, one of the most widely used psychological tool.
His theory's have been the basis for much modern psychological research.
With his continuous writing from his early years as a university student, up until his death, he contributed to the growth of psychological ideas.
He developed a wide ranging theory to explain human personality.
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