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13.4 Eisenhowers Cold War Policies
Transcript of 13.4 Eisenhowers Cold War Policies
Eisenhower believed the key to victory was not only military might but also economic might. We had to show the world that the free enterprise system produced a better
Winning the Cold War
Eisenhower's willingness to threaten nuclear war to maintain peace worried many.
is the willingness to go to the brink of war to force the other side to back down. Is this dangerous?
Brinkmanship won't always work, so we need to also prevent Communists from staging revolutions. Covert, or hidden, operations were conducted by the CIA.
Covert Actions in developing nations...
The Satellite launches the Space Race...
Eisenhower believed in cutting back the military size and increasing our nuclear weapons to prevent war in the first place. We needed to have technology that would allow the U.S. to strike the USSR without needing bases overseas.
Nikita Khrushchev became the Soviet leader. He had not been a fan of Stalin's policies, which gave us hope that we might be able to work with him. However, when Eisenhower and Khrushchev met to talk, the USSR shot down an American spy plane. Our government denied that it was a spy plane, until the Soviets showed the pilot survived. The meeting fell apart.
Stalin dies in 1953
Truman decided in 1952 not to run for re-election. War hero Dwight D. Eisenhower wins in a landslide election. Americans wanted someone they could trust to lead the nation in the Cold War.
society than communism.
The Necessary Triad
capable of flying across continents to drop nuclear bombs.
Development of intercontinental ballistic missiles
(ICBMs) that could reach anywhere in the world in less than 30 minutes.
capable of launching nuclear missiles from underwater.
These three things cut military spending from around $50 billion to $34 billion by reducing the size of the expensive to maintain standing Army.
*We went from 1,000 bombs in 1953 to 18,000 by 1961
Twice we are tested...
A crisis in Taiwan led to us warning China that if they didn't leave Taiwan alone we would use nuclear weapons to stop them. They backed off.
An issue in Egypt over the Suez Canal ended with us threatening the Soviet Union. While a war was avoided, it caused us to have tensions with Arab nations who then started accepting aid from the USSR.
In 1957 the Soviets launch Sputnik, the first artificial satellite to orbit Earth. 4 months later, the USA launches one as well. NASA is created.
The Eisenhower Doctrine
Eisenhower asked Congress to authorize the use of military forces whenever the president thinks it necessary to assist the Middle East nations resisting Communist aggression. This policy will become known as the Eisenhower Doctrine.
*basically this expanded the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment to the Middle East.